• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Albet Camus Essay

Extracts from this document...


Albert Camus was born in Mondovi, Algeria to a French Algerian settler family on November 7, 1913. He had ancestors from both France on his father's side and Spain on his mother's side. He took pride in his ancestry as we later see that he becomes a member of the French Communist party and works for underground papers trying to fight invaders. Albert's father died in a battle of World War 1 in 1914 before Albert had turned one. This forced his mother, Catherine, and his older brother, Lucien, to move into their aunt's house in Algiers suburb of Belcourt in the working-class area, crowded with apartment buildings and factories. Despite all of this Camus attended school and received a good education and eventually received a scholarship to Lycee. Then in 1930 he is struck with his first bout of tuberculosis. The disease never killed him but stayed with him his whole life and gave him several major attacks throughout his life. Three years later he pursued interest in attending the university of Algiers and pursued getting a degree in philosophy. This was the start of his obsession on the philosophy of the absurd that would soon be the main focus of his writings and would eventually evolve into a much more refined philosophy. Being that he was struck at the age of seventeen by tuberculosis he confronted death early which lead him to believe in the philosophy of the absurd. The absurd results from the conflict between our awareness of death and our desire of life, from the opposition between our search for explanation and the mystery of all existence. ...read more.


In his next major work The Rebel we see his philosophy change from that of striving for the physical and instead trying to revolt and be different from everyone else. It was a change from the absurd man to a man in revolt. This man still believes that the world is absurd but he strives for individual personalized revolt instead of the physical things like before. It is all about man trying to transform himself instead of being who he already is. In the essay Camus discusses many types of rebellion such as metaphysical and historical. The main focus of this essay was the strong critique of soviet communism which later ended his relationship with long time friend, Sartre who was a strong believer in the soviet communism way. In the essay the question "What is a rebel?" is answered by "It is a man who says no" very plainly. This evolution of his thinking shows us how he continued to change his views and grow as a writer. It shows that it started to become a major theme in all his writings and continued to evolve and develop as did Camus as more than just a writer. His most creative work according to modern critics is his novel The Fall he used this novel to use a new form of writing that he cam up with. In The Fall, Camus utilized the monologue in order to express the universal egotism of all men. ...read more.


We can see how his belief that the world is absurd, that we are born by chance, live by encounter and die by accident affected his life. It almost seemed that he thought he had no control and that whatever was meant to happen to him was going to and there was nothing he could really do to stop it. Also the fact that he was killed in a car accident in 1960 at the age of 47 helps to exemplify this because he had commented earlier in life to close friends and family that death by car accident is a most absurd death. Yet in his short life, Camus made exceptional contributions to his field. His writings focused on many unsual topics which he made his own through his writing. His fascination on things such as separation, loneliness, compassion, rebellion and joy in the physical life. His books allowed people to find new ways to live their lives and new philosophies to abide by. Camus is often referred to as a major writer of his time as well as being a forerunner on the thought of the absurd in the twentieth century. He is also referred to in the same sentence as other great authors such as Kafka and Fyodor Dostoevsky. These three authors were leaders of their time and peeled away from the rationalism that was trying to be instilled into the public at the time and were able to break away and come up with their own thoughts. Camus made a significant contribution to our understanding of the absurd and always rejected nihilism as a valid response. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. Romanticism essay. Romanticism was a movement in the fine arts and literature that ...

    He discusses the power and the limitations of human imagination and creative process. This transition of self represents the way in which our imagination shifts our way of viewing the world, a common characteristic of Romanticism. Also demonstrated in the poem is yet another common convention of Romanticism, the supernatural or exotic.

  2. Antigone essay

    This extract provides hardcore evidence about Creon's intentions. "Heaven knows I've got other demands, but I'm going to spend however long it takes to save you, little pest." (Jean Anouilh, pg37) Antigone purposely kept on provoking him which was insincere on her part. Creon had the desire to help his niece and hated making the decision .He was

  1. During the entire novel of The Sorrow of War Kien is on a quest ...

    Despite these facts, Kien still grasped strongly to reality and accepted the fate of being the next casualty of war. War has made him become stronger mentally, but has taken away the some of the elements which prevent a human being from acting like a ruthless cold blooded barbaria In

  2. Extended Essay

    Ask-i Memnu'da sosyal hayatini d�nemine g�re farkli ve zevkli yasayan, ekonomik a�idan kendini ve ailesini ge�indirecek bir is yerine es arayan bir kadin �rnegi vardir. Ama �ylesine makbul bir tip degildir ki kizlari bile ona benzemek istemez. Mai ve Siyah'in kadin kahramanlari, �zellikle Ahmet Cemil'in kiz kardesi adeta Ahmet Cemil'in hayatindaki basarisizliklari anlatmak i�in yaratilmis bir kahramandir.

  1. To what extent can society be blamed for the isolation in the lives ...

    to cry, because I could feel how much all these people hated me. This is the first time Mersault cries and shows sign of remorse and sorrow, at the expense of society around him. He spoke nothing but the truth during the trial, and kept getting crucified for whatever he said, and couldn?t please anyone including the Magistrate.

  2. How Is one's Perception of the Absurd developed (through the Character of Meursault) in ...

    During the interrogation after his arrest for homicide, Meursault is asked to recall the events. Here again the reader is exposed to Camus' philosophical views. This time the notion of existentialism. The author uses the feeling of guilt and the character's unemotional perspective, is yet another way to shape the reader's thoughts.

  1. How adopting a philosophical standpoint can alter one's interpretation of the text "The Outsider" ...

    to Meursault?s idea that one could ?get used to anything? as we see in the relationship between Meursault and his mother, and Salamano and his dog.[5] Although Meursault ?probably did love [his] mother,? they had grown apart, and since she had moved to the home, he had got used to

  2. The Stranger, Albert Camuss first novel, is a brilliantly crafted story and a portrayal ...

    mother, ?It was a very bright, whitewashed room with skylight for a roof? (Camus 6), which is an extremely detailed observation to the point where one may picture and imagine themselves being in that room. Part II consist of Meursault's comments and observation on his life in which he attempts

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work