• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

An analysis of "Metamorphosis" by Franz Kafka

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Analysis on "The Metamorphosis" by Franz Kafka "The Metamorphosis" by Franz Kafka, is a novel where this middle-classed man is transformed into a bug overnight, and the whole book narrates his struggle of not being able to go to work and being neglected by his family in this metamorphosis. Despite the fact that Kafka never stated any subliminal implications, it appears that Kafka through this story endeavours to criticise society at the time, portraying a situation where people act under their innate reactions. Searching to illustrate the true hypocrisy hidden in people, which is only brought up when atypical situations appear. "The Metamorphosis" has a structure that is very different from a conventional short story. While conventional short stories have a structure of a beginning, then a problem, then a climax, and at last a conclusion. This story starts out at the climax, where Gregor is waking up, when he notices that he has been transformed into a beetle. These different successions of happenings give us a hint that this transformation Gregor is going through is a dream, or actually a nightmare. ...read more.

Middle

His family's existence rests solely on his shoulders, just as a queen bee relies on the worker bees. Thus, with this extended metaphor, Kafka criticizes society behaviours, showing the true nature behind all of us. Secondly, the story also appears to be a metaphor that describes communication in Gregor's family. As Gregor's paychecks become increasingly more expected, his family begins to view him as less of a person, except for his sister. When Gregor does not awake in time for work, his mother first informs him that he will be late. She does not become worried about something being wrong until a little later, and even then she only appears to be concerned because he will miss the train. Gregor and his family do not communicate very well; his frequent business trips the likely cause. He even remarks to himself about the "quiet life his family has been leading," an allusion to the fact that little conversation occurs among them. Spending so much time away at work alienates Gregor from his family, and further objectifies him as a paycheck rather than a member of the family. ...read more.

Conclusion

This shows the extent to which the rule of the modern economy weighs down on Gregor: time that is not spent working is useless time, and any activity that is not work is pointless. Moreover, Kafka also uses pathetic fallacy to illustrate Gregor's death. As Gregor dies at the precise moment when the sun comes up. He sees the first light of dawn and dies. Hence here this new sun, illustrates a new era, where the Samsa's will not have a "bug" in their family. The symbol of the sun also appears at the moment Gregor has just discovered his had transformed himself into a bug. So, the light, symbolizes Gregor's love for his family and his discovery of his humanity. Hence, Kafka leaves this poignant ending, in order to make people horrified by the way his family treated him, and consequently react to this feeling. We see that, Kafka through this extended metaphor, wanted to make his readers realize that there was a greater truth in existence. The parabola of this metamorphosis, prepares us to react in the right way, when we are faced with the truth. And that life distracts us from what really matters, but we have to focus on allowing this truth to be seen. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. Kafka vs Gogol Crossing of the Boundaries in The Metamorphosis and The Nose: a ...

    He is betrayed and his prior sacrifices are not appreciated, "...he felt pinned down and he surrendered, all his sense fully bewildered" (Kafka, 38).

  2. Lord of the Flies Critical Analysis

    Golding uses a very strong diction in describing the way in which the boys slaughter the pig. He uses terms such as "rape," "thrust," "slash" and "thick blood." The boys revert to primitive instincts, to kill. This is a huge contrast, because the characters are simply kids, and yet they act with a savagery that many adults never face.

  1. Book Cover Analysis for The Metamorphosis

    The setting is connected as well with the several images of candles since the cover because the story had several references to night. Also the colors used in the painting set the mood as it is colorful which references the many phases and facets that the family goes through.

  2. Wonderful Fool (Susaku Endo) Quote Analysis in Terms of Aspects of Tokyo and Japan

    The "colorfully lit shops", "the glaring neon facades" and the "beautiful wares" amaze Gaston, but what grabs his attention the most is "the massive wave of people". Such an occurrence demonstrates the reckless lifestyle of the Japanese. It also creates irony by juxtaposing Gaston's benevolence with Japanese reckless lifestyle -

  1. The Metamorphosis. Through Gregor, Kafka presents a totally tragic view of man's existence.

    After the father gains more power, a power struggle is created in Gregor?s family. One could also say that the family has also become more animalistic and primitive through this metamorphosis. Instead of being compassionate and trying to help Gregor, they lock him away, almost hoping he?ll die.

  2. Analysis of The Train from Rhodesia by Nadine Gordimer

    Gordimer purposefully portrays the image of the natives running to force the readers to understand their desperation. Realizing that he has no chance of selling his product for the price he has set, the old man succumbs and says ?Here, one-and-six baas!?(44).

  1. Lord of the Flies Summary and Analysis of Chapters 7,8,9 and 10

    o They feel really awkward and deeply ashamed of their behavior the previous night. * Piggy is unable to come to terms with his role in Simon's death and says it was an unfortunate accident. o But Ralph, clutching the conch, insists that they have participated in a murder and laughing hysterically.

  2. Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka is a novel that very effectively brings out the economic ...

    Gregor had ?nothing on his mind but the business? hence he could never really express his emotions of how much he actually hated his job. Gregor is happily allowing his family to misuse him, without realizing it because he considers it his duty to make up for his father debts.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work