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An analysis of "Metamorphosis" by Franz Kafka

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Analysis on "The Metamorphosis" by Franz Kafka "The Metamorphosis" by Franz Kafka, is a novel where this middle-classed man is transformed into a bug overnight, and the whole book narrates his struggle of not being able to go to work and being neglected by his family in this metamorphosis. Despite the fact that Kafka never stated any subliminal implications, it appears that Kafka through this story endeavours to criticise society at the time, portraying a situation where people act under their innate reactions. Searching to illustrate the true hypocrisy hidden in people, which is only brought up when atypical situations appear. "The Metamorphosis" has a structure that is very different from a conventional short story. While conventional short stories have a structure of a beginning, then a problem, then a climax, and at last a conclusion. This story starts out at the climax, where Gregor is waking up, when he notices that he has been transformed into a beetle. These different successions of happenings give us a hint that this transformation Gregor is going through is a dream, or actually a nightmare. ...read more.


His family's existence rests solely on his shoulders, just as a queen bee relies on the worker bees. Thus, with this extended metaphor, Kafka criticizes society behaviours, showing the true nature behind all of us. Secondly, the story also appears to be a metaphor that describes communication in Gregor's family. As Gregor's paychecks become increasingly more expected, his family begins to view him as less of a person, except for his sister. When Gregor does not awake in time for work, his mother first informs him that he will be late. She does not become worried about something being wrong until a little later, and even then she only appears to be concerned because he will miss the train. Gregor and his family do not communicate very well; his frequent business trips the likely cause. He even remarks to himself about the "quiet life his family has been leading," an allusion to the fact that little conversation occurs among them. Spending so much time away at work alienates Gregor from his family, and further objectifies him as a paycheck rather than a member of the family. ...read more.


This shows the extent to which the rule of the modern economy weighs down on Gregor: time that is not spent working is useless time, and any activity that is not work is pointless. Moreover, Kafka also uses pathetic fallacy to illustrate Gregor's death. As Gregor dies at the precise moment when the sun comes up. He sees the first light of dawn and dies. Hence here this new sun, illustrates a new era, where the Samsa's will not have a "bug" in their family. The symbol of the sun also appears at the moment Gregor has just discovered his had transformed himself into a bug. So, the light, symbolizes Gregor's love for his family and his discovery of his humanity. Hence, Kafka leaves this poignant ending, in order to make people horrified by the way his family treated him, and consequently react to this feeling. We see that, Kafka through this extended metaphor, wanted to make his readers realize that there was a greater truth in existence. The parabola of this metamorphosis, prepares us to react in the right way, when we are faced with the truth. And that life distracts us from what really matters, but we have to focus on allowing this truth to be seen. ...read more.

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