• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Candide" - Political, Social, and Economic Analysis

Extracts from this document...


Candide Essay The first interaction of Candide, Cunegund, and Don Fernando d?Ibaraa y Figueora y Mascarenes y Lampourdos y Souza, is a prime example of Voltaire?s satirical social view of the nobility. Don Fernando is the governor of Buenos Ayres and is described as having ?a haughtiness suitable to a person who bore so many names.? Voltaire sarcastically remarks on how the amount of names that Don Fernando holds allows him a just cause as to why he may go around with a pompous demeanor that shows that he is held above everyone else. This is also a silent reference to how the nobility of that time seemed to conduct themselves around the bourgeoisie or peasant class. They carried themselves as though they were above everyone else of a lower class and if all that was done in the lesser classes were the acts of heathens. He also satirically comments on how his conceded and self-righteous attitude caused ?everyone who had the honor of conversing with him was violently ...read more.


He believes that this is ?best of all possible worlds? and that everything bad is done to set off a greater purpose. Pangloss?s views are so clearly mocked first, when he hobbled into the town - where Candide was staying - riddled with syphilis, and later, when he attempted to use some sort twisted logic to defend his thoughts on the original sin. In the former, Pangloss is seen practically limping down the road and described as ?covered with scabs, his eyes sunk in his head, the end of his nose eaten off, his mouth drawn on one side, his teeth as black as a cloak, snuffling and coughing most violently, and every time he attempted to spit out dropped a tooth.? He tries to defend his new, hideous appearance and his contraction of syphilis as being justified by something as ridiculous as Columbus having to have brought it to Europe because without it Europe would have no chocolate. ...read more.


Voltaire goes even further in his mocking of the Inquisition by stating that because two men did not eat their bacon they were instantly considered Jews ? though it turned out they were, in fact, Jewish ? and were to be burned. Voltaire also shows that during the Inquisition people that were not Jewish, but perceived to agree with heretic views, were also to be punished, even if to a lesser degree. This is shown when Candide was flogged simply because he showed his approval of the theories and notions that Pangloss spoke of. Voltaire uses this to demonstrate the severe and unfair manner in which the Inquisition was executed. In conclusion, Voltaire utilizes social, intellectual, and political satire in his portrayal of Don Fernando d?Ibaraa y Figueora y Mascarenes y Lampourdos y Souza, Miss Cunegund?s brother, Pangloss, and the Grand Inquisitor as the ridiculous and exaggerated stereotypes of the type of characters that were commonly found in actual everyday life during Voltaire?s lifetime. MLA Citation: Voltaire. Candide. New York: Modern Library., n.d. Print. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. La animalizacin en Grenouille y Gregorio

    "se despoj� de sus ropas como si estuvieran contaminadas, se lav� de pies a cabeza y se acost� en su celda, se santigu� muchas veces, or� largo rato y por fin, aliviado, concili� el sue�o." (P.27) Otro due�o de Grenouille, el cual podr�amos pensar que fue con el que comparti� m�s afecto, tambi�n sent�a estos sentimientos de repulsi�n hacia �l.

  2. Dostoyevsky and Voltaire are two authors of different eras who have chosen similar themes ...

    accept her just as she is and thus rejects to see a doctor. Other characters like Dunya, Raskolnikov's sister, also suffers because of poverty. She works as a maid in a house where she never receives the respect she deserves.

  1. like water for chocolate

    He gently treats her broken spirit and her physical ailments. Tita decides that she will never return to her mother. Her decision does not last very long as she had to return to the ranch almost immediately as Mama Elena gets injured in a raid by rebel soldier.

  2. Em busca da honra

    que resolveu, ent�o, dar-se um tempo de calmaria, n�o se preocupou em se apressar para mais uma. Por isso "vestiu-se com calma, refez v�rias vezes a gravatinha borboleta e pendurou ao pesco�o o escapul�rio da Congrega��o Mariana para receber o bispo."

  1. Discuss the Effects of Major Political and Social Movements on the Literary Works of ...

    In fact the concept of being succeeded has already changed by this time. This is something that D.H. Lawrence mentioned once ?Every civilization when it loses its inner vision and its cleaner energy; falls into a new sort of sordidness, more vast and more stupendous than the old savage sort?.

  2. Reflections on "Miss Julie" in a cultural context

    Different clothes were worn for different occasions for example when Miss Julie was going to travel she wore traveling clothes. There was no equality in the society the rich were so rich and the poor were also very poor. Miss Julie - Reflective Statement In the play Miss Julie we

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work