• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Comparative Essay - Ode on a Grecian Urn, Ode to a Nightingale and To Autumn

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Comparative Essay - "Ode on a Grecian Urn", "Ode to a Nightingale" and "To Autumn" Throughout the three poems that Keats composed: "Ode on a Grecian Urn", "Ode to a Nightingale" and "To Autumn", Keats is principally concerned to explore the concepts of time, the relationships between art and nature, mortality and immortality, using a series of paradoxes both thematically and literally in the poem to contrast the main elements discussed in his work, and to enhance the fact that "Ode" in itself is a paradox as it is a result of both celebration and commemoration. However, he looks at these elements in depth from different aspects and perspectives in order to find a way in which art and nature can both exist, developing his ideas within the poems. In all his three poems, he focuses on the main themes: art, nature and time. Nevertheless, although he looks at the same elements in these poems, he always finds different ways of understanding these concepts in all three poems, as if he is developing his ideas towards a final conclusion. In "Ode on a Grecian Urn" he propels the idea of nature contained by art; "Ode to a Nightingale" is about art contained in nature; whereas "To Autumn" reveals the idea that art and nature are reconciled. ...read more.

Middle

On the other hand, the song of the nightingale is not human, and therefore this whole idea gets rejected as the poet implies a self-erasing structure throughout the poem in which he sets off his ideal by the contrast of the actual: stating a thesis and antithesis which together will work towards a synthesis, which could be the new thesis, a more perfected conclusion. This unique structure, present only in this poem, conveys the idea of art and nature as it has a clear artistic structure while suggesting the sense of a mind in process looking for the best option. Compared to "Ode on a Grecian Urn" and "Ode to a Nightingale", "To Autumn" has a more regular structure, which consists of three eleven-line stanzas and a rhyme scheme which starts with "A B A B" which show the regularity and pattern within the poem, while ending with "C D E D C F E" in the first stanza. Examining attentively to the ending rhymes, we can notice that there is a break in pattern, which changes the continuity to support the style. This sudden change in the rhyme scheme, where the "C" and "E" at the end of the stanza link back to the previous "C" and "E" rhymes, suggests the idea of the progress and return for not coming to an end, giving ...read more.

Conclusion

In fact, in "Ode on a Grecian Urn" and "Ode to a Nightingale", Keats is mainly concerned to explore the concept between art and nature, giving only little interest in "time", where in the end, it seems that it is the key element which links art and nature as the theory of "mortality" and "immorality" no longer exists. In all of these three poems of Keats, there is the concern of how to reach and maintain the moment of "vintage", in other words, how to reach the most perfect instant in time, in which it is more complete than the moment of anticipation and which does not exceed with excess to become spoiled, tending towards "death". Therefore, it can be said that the moment of "vintage" is the moment of perfect maturity, the best moment that anything can possibly reach and at the same time, the moment which is haunted by death. Finally, Keats develops his concept of time from linear, described in his first two poems "Ode on a Grecian Urn" and "Ode to a Nightingale", to a cyclical time mentioned in "To Autumn", where it conveys a sense of composure in the lack of fear because the sense of ending is also a sense of beginning and return, which brings a feeling of immortality within the concept. This is due to the fact that the natural cycle has never an end, and continues towards infinity. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. Extended Essay

    T�rk filmlerinden alintilar yaparak o iflah olmaz topuklarin erkeklerin basina nasil dertler a�tigini anlatir. "Esas oglan, k�t� adamlar tarafindan kovalanirken, m�nasebetsiz bir bi�imde ortaya �ikan esas 'olacak' kiz b�t�n isleri alt �st eder. Oglan ka�arken ona adim uyduramaz, onunla birlikte kosamaz, kosmaya �alistiginda da kendi kadar munasebetsiz ayakkabilarinin y�ksek topuklarindan biri kirilir..."(YT, s.12)

  2. A comparative essay on Othello and Macbeth

    Iago stays calm throughout Othello which enables him to keep planning the next step in his plots but Macbeth just becomes mad with evil which Leeds him to his death.

  1. Analysis of When I Have Fears by John Keats

    'Tracing one's shadow' describes the fear of dying before writing great poetry. 'Their' as a possessive pronoun symbolizes whom the poet composes his poetry for.

  2. Poets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world. What do you understand by this ...

    The points made in Defence can be segregated into two sections: firstly, the value Poetry as an entity has upon the world at a very base level and secondly, the attributes of poets as people and the responsibility they carry in society.

  1. Comparing The Eagle and Ode on a Grecian Urn

    In the example above we see that the sea is made to seem like it is crawling. There are also various metaphors used such as "Ringed with the azure world" this is a more general metaphor as here the sky is being compared to a blue world that surrounds the eagle.

  2. Romanticism expressed via John Keats', "Ode to a Nightingale"

    It is said that ?Ode to a Nightingale? was written while Keats sat down under a plum tree, where a nightingale had nested. Even prior to reading the poem, Keats embodies the nature, and uses it as form of inspiration to write this poem. For Romantics, ?nature? meant many things.

  1. The poem ode on a Grecian urn by John Keats was written in 1819

    Another theme brought out in this poem is that of innocence. The urn represents an innocent world unaffected by the suffering and hardship that comes with change. We see that in the images, the tress never have to deal with losing their leaves and even the urn itself is described

  2. Commentary on the poem "Owl Song"

    The imagery of the mist immediately before the owl's hooting foreshadows the misinterpretation of the owl's hooting; mist refracts light and often distorts images, making it difficult to see what lies just beyond the mist. While the owl's hooting appears to be random and thoughtless, it is in fact entirely intentional and used to communicate with its environment.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work