• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Comparative Essay - Ode on a Grecian Urn, Ode to a Nightingale and To Autumn

Extracts from this document...


Comparative Essay - "Ode on a Grecian Urn", "Ode to a Nightingale" and "To Autumn" Throughout the three poems that Keats composed: "Ode on a Grecian Urn", "Ode to a Nightingale" and "To Autumn", Keats is principally concerned to explore the concepts of time, the relationships between art and nature, mortality and immortality, using a series of paradoxes both thematically and literally in the poem to contrast the main elements discussed in his work, and to enhance the fact that "Ode" in itself is a paradox as it is a result of both celebration and commemoration. However, he looks at these elements in depth from different aspects and perspectives in order to find a way in which art and nature can both exist, developing his ideas within the poems. In all his three poems, he focuses on the main themes: art, nature and time. Nevertheless, although he looks at the same elements in these poems, he always finds different ways of understanding these concepts in all three poems, as if he is developing his ideas towards a final conclusion. In "Ode on a Grecian Urn" he propels the idea of nature contained by art; "Ode to a Nightingale" is about art contained in nature; whereas "To Autumn" reveals the idea that art and nature are reconciled. ...read more.


On the other hand, the song of the nightingale is not human, and therefore this whole idea gets rejected as the poet implies a self-erasing structure throughout the poem in which he sets off his ideal by the contrast of the actual: stating a thesis and antithesis which together will work towards a synthesis, which could be the new thesis, a more perfected conclusion. This unique structure, present only in this poem, conveys the idea of art and nature as it has a clear artistic structure while suggesting the sense of a mind in process looking for the best option. Compared to "Ode on a Grecian Urn" and "Ode to a Nightingale", "To Autumn" has a more regular structure, which consists of three eleven-line stanzas and a rhyme scheme which starts with "A B A B" which show the regularity and pattern within the poem, while ending with "C D E D C F E" in the first stanza. Examining attentively to the ending rhymes, we can notice that there is a break in pattern, which changes the continuity to support the style. This sudden change in the rhyme scheme, where the "C" and "E" at the end of the stanza link back to the previous "C" and "E" rhymes, suggests the idea of the progress and return for not coming to an end, giving ...read more.


In fact, in "Ode on a Grecian Urn" and "Ode to a Nightingale", Keats is mainly concerned to explore the concept between art and nature, giving only little interest in "time", where in the end, it seems that it is the key element which links art and nature as the theory of "mortality" and "immorality" no longer exists. In all of these three poems of Keats, there is the concern of how to reach and maintain the moment of "vintage", in other words, how to reach the most perfect instant in time, in which it is more complete than the moment of anticipation and which does not exceed with excess to become spoiled, tending towards "death". Therefore, it can be said that the moment of "vintage" is the moment of perfect maturity, the best moment that anything can possibly reach and at the same time, the moment which is haunted by death. Finally, Keats develops his concept of time from linear, described in his first two poems "Ode on a Grecian Urn" and "Ode to a Nightingale", to a cyclical time mentioned in "To Autumn", where it conveys a sense of composure in the lack of fear because the sense of ending is also a sense of beginning and return, which brings a feeling of immortality within the concept. This is due to the fact that the natural cycle has never an end, and continues towards infinity. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. Analysis of When I Have Fears by John Keats

    All of these other things such as fame, poetry, greatness and love, "to nothingness do sink", become worthless for him because he is going to die anyway. The grammatical structure of the poem also associates with the main theme. The usage of personal pronoun 'I' and possessive pronoun 'my' throughout

  2. I will be examining two poems, The History Teacher by Billy Collins and The ...

    The narrator in the poem, just like the children in "The History Teacher", is stupid and ignorant of the reality. The poem uses a lot of household names to illustrate how our intelligence is decreasing. Technology is represented by the use of a spell checker which is supposed to allow us to be lazy.

  1. Extended Essay

    Hatta hem kapitalist bir anlayisla "zengin koca ararken" bir yandan da m�kemmel "ahlak" anlayislarini kizlarina Sedef Kunter 000755032 empoze etmeye �alismislardir. Ayse Kulin'in Adi Aylin adli romaninda Aylin'in annesi Leyla Hanim bir kiz annesi olarak tedirgin oldugu konulardan s�yle s�z eder: "...Nil�fer'in Ankara'da tatildeyken hemen hemen her g�n Ismail H�srev'lere

  2. Poets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world. What do you understand by this ...

    The points made in Defence can be segregated into two sections: firstly, the value Poetry as an entity has upon the world at a very base level and secondly, the attributes of poets as people and the responsibility they carry in society.

  1. "The Plague" and "Beloved" comparative essay

    Due to the chronological ordering of events, the reader can only think of two climaxes. Either the plague wipes out the entire town and spreads to other countries, or it suddenly dies down and the world is free again. The one and only climax in The Plague occurs in Part

  2. Romanticism expressed via John Keats', "Ode to a Nightingale"

    It is said that ?Ode to a Nightingale? was written while Keats sat down under a plum tree, where a nightingale had nested. Even prior to reading the poem, Keats embodies the nature, and uses it as form of inspiration to write this poem. For Romantics, ?nature? meant many things.

  1. Commentary on the poem "Owl Song"

    This is essential to the main idea of the poem; it finally depicts the woman in a positive or compassionate light. This idea is reinforced in the next stanza when the heart of the woman explains that it has no desire for revenge or even expiation; it wants to know ?how?.

  2. The poem ode on a Grecian urn by John Keats was written in 1819

    Another theme brought out in this poem is that of innocence. The urn represents an innocent world unaffected by the suffering and hardship that comes with change. We see that in the images, the tress never have to deal with losing their leaves and even the urn itself is described

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work