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Compare the literary techniques employed by Anna Akhmatova in her poetry and Isabel Allende in City of the Beasts conveying the concept of endurance and/or resistance

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Introduction

Akhmatova and Allende Comparison - Compare the literary techniques employed by Anna Akhmatova in her poetry and Isabel Allende in City of the Beasts conveying the concept of endurance and/or resistance. Both Allende and Akhmatova create lively and interesting texts which deeply engage the reader. Allende's, City of the Beast (2002) and the poems "The Sentence" (1939) and "I am Not One of Those Who Left the Land" (1922) by Anna Akhmatova show the concept of endurance and resistance. While the texts show key differences in writing style, the concept of endurance and resistance through means of diction, binary oppositions of right and wrong and tone are common throughout the texts. The concept of endurance and resistance is revealed through the construction of the protagonists' internal struggle and is conveyed through the specific use of diction. Certainty in their beliefs is evident when the contrast of good and evil is used to reflect on cultural notions of right and wrong and finally through the use of tone which imparts powerful emotions and accentuates the protagonists' determination despite the challenges they face. This particular aspect is interesting as both writers display the protagonists' strong emotions to certain situations and values in life. ...read more.

Middle

128). By the majority of the Western population and most of the expedition group, the Indians were feared. They were considered as uncivilised savages that are unable to take care of themselves without the help the Westerners. However, this perception of the Indians changes when Leblanc suddenly realises that "they themselves were the savages, not the Indians" (p. 355). This challenges the binary opposite that the Westerners are the civilised people and the Indians the savages, therefore challenging Western beliefs and their assumptions of what is morally right and wrong. Akhmatova's assumptions of good and bad are also used to great effect, and like Allende, challenge cultural notions of right and wrong throughout her poems. "Like a felon" (p. 155) is used in Akhmatova's "I Am Not One of Those Who Left the Land" to convey the idea that those who abandoned Russia are like criminals. She uses this simile to imply that they have committed a serious crime in fleeing from Russia. They abandon Russia to find the promised salvation only for themselves. This amplifies Akmatova's assumption that the brave people are those who held to their beliefs and defended their country in times of strife "we the survivors do not flinch" (p. ...read more.

Conclusion

Like Alex, Akhmatova too has a glimmer of hope that Russia's Civil war would come to an end. Through the use of tone, both Allende and Akhmatova articulate the tone of bravery, endurance and resistance in conveying strong emotions within the reader. Therefore, it is clear that both Allende in City of the Beast and Akhmatova in "I am Not One of Those Who Left the Land" and "The Sentence" express the concept of endurance and resistance most effectively to express the protagonists' internal struggles, their assumptions of right and wrong and finally through the tone of endurance, resistance and bravery. The writers' use of diction throughout the texts is used to show the internal struggle within the protagonists of Allende and Akhmatova. The dichotomy of right and wrong challenges cultural assumptions of what is thought to be right and wrong and finally through tone, imparting the reader with strong emotions of bravery, endurance and resistance that assists in reemphasising the concept of endurance and resistance to its audience. The concept of endurance and resistance is unique in the texts of both Allende and Akhmatova in the sense that regardless of the pain and suffering that the protagonists' of both writers face, endurance and resistance can be seen to bring wisdom and enhance the beauty and bravery of the fighter within. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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