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Comparison between Gullivers Houyhnhm Land and Candides El Dorado

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Introduction

Comparison between Gulliver's Houyhnhm Land and Candide's El Dorado Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels and Voltaire's Candide, two of English literature's most important and pervasive political criticisms, have helped to mold world opinion by offering new viewpoints and attitudes. Both of them ridicule the behaviors of Humans by citing two different Utopias. Refer to Gulliver's Travels, even thought the yahoos are not human but they behave the same way towards colored stones that Humans do. In contrast, the people of El Dorado do not care at all about the gold and jewels that align their streets. The authors are hoping that perhaps the reader will see similarities between both places and the reader's personality to show the fixation with material goods. ...read more.

Middle

Yahoos are free to live in various parts of the land as wild beast. Their law system is completely different because they are free to live corrupt. In addition to the yahoos' obsessive behavior towards the colored stones, is their desire for food, not because they are hungry but because they are greedy. Even though there is plenty food provided for each yahoo to eat, each will still try to get all the food for him or herself: "For if you throw among five yahoos as much food as would be sufficient for fifty, they will, instead of eating peaceably, fall together by the ears, each single one impatient to have all to itself" (Gulliver's Travels; Western Literature). ...read more.

Conclusion

In El Dorado all people have their needs met, whereas the Europeans believe they need gold to define many aspects of their lives. In Europe, money determines one's place in society and gives people worth and rights; without money it is difficult to get a meal and a place to sleep, let alone to fulfill one's goals in life. Jonathan Swift and Voltaire exaggerated the behavior of the yahoos, the Houyhnhnm's and the people of El Dorado to point out the materialism in Human society. Swift compared humans to yahoo by their behavior. In El Dorado the focus is on taking care of the people's needs, valuing fellow humans rather than possessing gold and material objects. The way we characterize people can easily derive from the way we view society. ?? ?? ?? ?? Lam 1 Lam Russell, 1 ...read more.

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