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Discuss the effects of the techniques used to establish location in the opening chapter of Perfume and Therese Raquin.

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Introduction

World Literature Assignment NO 1 Discuss the effects of the techniques used to establish location in the opening chapter of Perfume and Therese Raquin. WORD COUNT Discuss the effects of the techniques used to establish location in the opening chapter of Perfume and Therese Raquin. In the opening chapter of Therese Raquin and Perfume, each of the authors opens up the novels in different ways. In this essay I will discuss how both authors have established location using a variety of literary techniques to enthuse and attract the reader. Each author wrote their novels at different eras. S�skind wrote Perfume in a modern 20th Century and set the novel in an 18th Century France suffering from the aftermath of the French revolution. S�skind straightforwardly focuses on the time period and main protagonist Grenouille, the peculiar simple story telling technique establishes the novel. The purpose of this is to intrigue the reader and make sure he or she will carry on reading the book. On the other hand, Zola wrote Therese Raquin in the 19th Century and the novel is set in a 19th Century contemporary Paris. The effect of writing a contemporary novel is that the reader can understand and appreciate a different perspective of Paris affected by the industrial revolution and city life. Zola is extremely descriptive in the opening chapter of Therese Raquin with the purpose of making the reader feel like they are present in the setting. ...read more.

Middle

"At the end of the Rue Gu�n�gaud...sloping at a right angle, is black with grime."7 This quotation gives emphasis to the precise and specific description which sets the scene of the novel. The audience is unsure where these set of instructions will lead; the impression given by the opening paragraph is almost repellent. Zola uses words such as "yellowish, worn stones"8, "acrid dampness"9and "black with grime."10 To accentuate the filthy environment at which Zola was familiar at the time he set the novel in .The "yellowish" 11 description gives the imagery of tiles which have been soaked of urine. When Therese Raquin was released in 1867, critics and the general public were disgusted Both novels have omniscient narrators which seem to have a great knowledge of the location surrounding the novels. In Perfume, the narrator focuses on the description of the smell of Paris in the eighteenth-century, and the birth of the protagonist Grenouille. Grenouille's birth-place is ironic seeing that he was born on a graveyard. "the catacombs of Montmartre and in its place a food market was erected."12 This quote emphasises also the irony of a food market replacing a cemetery. On the other hand, the omniscient narrator in Therese Raquin pays close attention to the haberdashery in which the protagonists currently reside. The haberdashery can almost be perceived as if it has a disease and it is slowly dying. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, Therese Raquin delivers a slow and tedious opening chapter, the ending portrays three people, a man and two women, one young and one older. Zola describes their quotidian routine which seems extremely dull, the young woman every night before going to bed would, "stay there for a few minutes, facing the great black wall with its crude rendering"19. This could possibly be seen as an act of depression, the reader already questions why she would almost fall into the black oblivion for a few minutes, possibly because of the life she lives and the people she lives with. Both Zola and S�skind establish the locations in their novel differently, whether it be by describing the smell of the setting, or the visual imagery the reader is given, it intrigues and encourages the reader to carry on reading the rest of the novel. 1 Perfume by Patrick S�skind, Page 3 2 Perfume by Patrick S�skind, Page 3 3 Perfume by Patrick S�skind, Page 1 4 Perfume by Patrick S�skind, Page 1 5 Ibid 6 Ibid 7 Therese Raquin by Emile Zola, Page 9 8 Therese Raquin by Emile Zola, Page 9 9 Ibid 10 Ibid 11Ibid 12 Perfume by Patrick S�skind, Page 4 13 Therese Raquin by Emile Zola, Page 10 14 Therese Raquin by Emile Zola, Page 10 15 Perfume by Patrick S�skind, Page 3 and 4 16 Ibid 17 Therese Raquin by Emile Zola, Page 11 and 12 18 Perfume by Patrick S�skind, Page 6 19 Therese Raquin by Emile Zola, Page 12 ?? ?? ?? ?? Taro Shimada ...read more.

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