• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the novel A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man as a fictionalised autobiography.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Q. Discuss the novel A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man as a fictionalised autobiography. A. The question of how much autobiographical material Joyce inserted into the fictional character of Stephen Dedalus has long been a matter of debate. Scholars and critics still produce evidence on both sides of the issue, but for the most part, the question has been largely resolved through the contributions of Richard Ellman, Joyce?s definitive biographer, and Joyce?s brother Stanislaus, who wrote his own book about Joyce, My Brother?s Keeper. Despite the countless similarities between Joyce?s own childhood and that of Stephen Dedalus, Stanislaus Joyce makes it clear that ?Stephen Dedalus is an imaginary, not a real, self-portrait.? Significant details exist to verify this view, including Joyce?s school records at Clongowes and Belvedere, as well as recorded interviews with several of Joyce?s friends. ...read more.

Middle

variety of cups for his prowess in hurdling and walking.? He also recalls that Joyce was less isolated, less retentively bookish, and at times, less manageable than Stephen. In the Clongowes? Punishment Book, we find that Joyce, unlike Stephen, was never pandied mistakenly for an incident involving broken glasses, but the book does record that Joyce received at least two pandies for forgetting to bring a book to class, and on another occasion, he was pandied for using ?vulgar language.? Other variances between Stephen and Joyce are found in Joyce?s treatment of Stephen?s friends, most of whom are clearly intellectually inferior to him. Stanislaus remembers, to the contrary, that Joyce?s friends provided him with significant mental stimulation throughout his adolescent development. ...read more.

Conclusion

at the time were written in a tone of amusement even when he described going from one bar to another.? Joyce?s fictional representations of his friends at the university are just that?fictional. He changed many of their personalities, invented non-existent dialogues, and deliberately excluded significant individuals in the novel. Clearly, Stephen Dedalus is Joyce?s fictional persona, whom he used to express his ideas about the lyrical, epical, and dramatic forms of literature. In conclusion, in spite of the obvious autobiographical similarities, Stephen is a fictional representation of Joyce?s art. Stephen exists, as does the novel, as an example of the author?s ?handiwork,? behind which Joyce is ?invisible, refined out of existence, indifferent . . .? and, probably if he had his way in the matter, is still standing concealed somewhere, ?paring his nails.? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. In his autobiographical novel, James Joyce develops an alter ego in Stephen Dedalus who ...

    Stephen is so afraid that even the slightest glance at a female will trigger his old habits that he denies himself the right. This insecurity leads the reader to wonder if Stephen truly is changed at all or if he is just hiding his immorality for "the untested virtue is no virtue at all", according to writer John Milton.

  2. Questions on "Araby" by James Joyce

    On Saturday evenings when my aunt went marketing I had to go to carry some of the parcels. We walked through the flaring streets, jostled by drunken men and bargaining women, amid the curses of labourers, the shrill litanies of shop-boys who stood on guard by the barrels of pigs'

  1. Dubliners is a series of short stories written by James Joyce. Joyce wrote these ...

    Thus, through the illustration of lightness and darkness Joyce is able to show that the boy cannot escape paralysis. Again Joyce uses the same colors to in "Araby" to demonstrate paralysis and hope. For example, at the start of the story everything that the main character and his friends do is in darkness dark lanes, gardens, and stables (Joyce 21).

  2. Toni Morrison's novel, "Sula", has been hailed by several critics as a remarkable expression ...

    Water is often associated with death in the novel. For Sula (and Nel, to a lesser degree), it represents Chicken's horrible drowning. Fire might be a cleansing force, but water engulfs and consumes the young boy. Water doesn't comfort Sula but rather agitates and upsets her because of her responsibility for Chicken's death.

  1. The writer of Unman, Wittering and Zigo, and Giles Cooper criticises the educational system ...

    The writer shows this by: - Firstly the character Cary is shown regularly wearing ragged clothes, so basically Cary is giving a bad appearance about himself and therefore giving a bad appearance to the school by showing parents and visitors (who pay the school fees and inspect the school)

  2. Discuss how good Atticus is as a father.

    It is particularly instructional for them to hear his father call her "the bravest person I ever knew", (page 118), revealing he did not take her attacks against him seriously, but rather focused on her qualities. As Jem touches the petals of one of the camellia's Mrs.

  1. A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

    Joyce demonstrates how Stephen as an individual becomes alienated from his social environment to succeed in becoming a fully formed artist. However, Stephen is finally admitted into a University College when his family settles down, and he starts to find no real connection with his father, siblings or mother.

  2. Social Distinction in the novel Pygmalion

    new small talk and that everybody who is anybody is doing it. The Eynsford Hills being the rocket scientist that they are don?t realize that Higgins is not telling them the truth about Eliza and who she really is. They want to be accepted so much by him and his

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work