• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the novel A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man as a fictionalised autobiography.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Q. Discuss the novel A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man as a fictionalised autobiography. A. The question of how much autobiographical material Joyce inserted into the fictional character of Stephen Dedalus has long been a matter of debate. Scholars and critics still produce evidence on both sides of the issue, but for the most part, the question has been largely resolved through the contributions of Richard Ellman, Joyce?s definitive biographer, and Joyce?s brother Stanislaus, who wrote his own book about Joyce, My Brother?s Keeper. Despite the countless similarities between Joyce?s own childhood and that of Stephen Dedalus, Stanislaus Joyce makes it clear that ?Stephen Dedalus is an imaginary, not a real, self-portrait.? Significant details exist to verify this view, including Joyce?s school records at Clongowes and Belvedere, as well as recorded interviews with several of Joyce?s friends. ...read more.

Middle

variety of cups for his prowess in hurdling and walking.? He also recalls that Joyce was less isolated, less retentively bookish, and at times, less manageable than Stephen. In the Clongowes? Punishment Book, we find that Joyce, unlike Stephen, was never pandied mistakenly for an incident involving broken glasses, but the book does record that Joyce received at least two pandies for forgetting to bring a book to class, and on another occasion, he was pandied for using ?vulgar language.? Other variances between Stephen and Joyce are found in Joyce?s treatment of Stephen?s friends, most of whom are clearly intellectually inferior to him. Stanislaus remembers, to the contrary, that Joyce?s friends provided him with significant mental stimulation throughout his adolescent development. ...read more.

Conclusion

at the time were written in a tone of amusement even when he described going from one bar to another.? Joyce?s fictional representations of his friends at the university are just that?fictional. He changed many of their personalities, invented non-existent dialogues, and deliberately excluded significant individuals in the novel. Clearly, Stephen Dedalus is Joyce?s fictional persona, whom he used to express his ideas about the lyrical, epical, and dramatic forms of literature. In conclusion, in spite of the obvious autobiographical similarities, Stephen is a fictional representation of Joyce?s art. Stephen exists, as does the novel, as an example of the author?s ?handiwork,? behind which Joyce is ?invisible, refined out of existence, indifferent . . .? and, probably if he had his way in the matter, is still standing concealed somewhere, ?paring his nails.? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. In his autobiographical novel, James Joyce develops an alter ego in Stephen Dedalus who ...

    Stephen is so afraid that even the slightest glance at a female will trigger his old habits that he denies himself the right. This insecurity leads the reader to wonder if Stephen truly is changed at all or if he is just hiding his immorality for "the untested virtue is no virtue at all", according to writer John Milton.

  2. Questions on "Araby" by James Joyce

    cheeks, the nasal chanting of street-singers, who sang a come-all-you about O'Donovan Rossa, or a ballad about the troubles in our native land. These noises converged in a single sensation of life for me: I imagined that I bore my chalice safely through a throng of foes.

  1. The writer of Unman, Wittering and Zigo, and Giles Cooper criticises the educational system ...

    The head is more concerned on appearance than reality and he wants the school to look good and maintain its reputation. This is the theme of appearance versus reality and is a dramatic device. The head is fighting for appearance whereas Cary is fighting for reality but "only behind the head's back".

  2. Dubliners is a series of short stories written by James Joyce. Joyce wrote these ...

    The description of this activity shows that there is no hope for them even when they are playing. Then when the main character sees Mangan's sister, her description is different, he always sees her in the morning, where there is light, a chance of escape.

  1. Toni Morrison's novel, "Sula", has been hailed by several critics as a remarkable expression ...

    Fire appears throughout the novel and results in the deaths of Hannah and Plum. There are many possible meanings of fire, one of which is the idea that it is cleansing. When Eva douses Plum in kerosene (before the fire, but still applicable we think), he feels like he's undergoing "Some kind of baptism, some kind of blessing" (49).

  2. Discuss how good Atticus is as a father.

    with if it meant he would spare Ewell's children from a beating. Atticus motivates his children to be compassionate and aware, so that they can live with a clean conscience without becoming cynical. Learning from others with humility whilst deploring their defects, is the deterrent example which fundamentally evidences Atticus'

  1. A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

    Joyce demonstrates how Stephen as an individual becomes alienated from his social environment to succeed in becoming a fully formed artist. However, Stephen is finally admitted into a University College when his family settles down, and he starts to find no real connection with his father, siblings or mother.

  2. Social Distinction in the novel Pygmalion

    slowly been making Eliza a stronger person, as illustrated by Shaw in Eliza's throwing the slippers at Higgins. Eliza finally stands up to Higgins and uses his own tactics against him. Language distinguishing the classes The story of Pygmalion is of Eliza Doolittle, a woman with a bad register, who is taught the social register.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work