• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Fair is foul and foul is fair (Act 1.1.11-12). This is a famous line and also one of the major themes in Macbeth.

Extracts from this document...


Fair is Foul "Fair is foul and foul is fair" (Act 1.1.11-12). This is a famous line and also one of the major themes in Macbeth. It has many meanings and can be analyzed forever. One of the meaning is things are not appear as they seem. There are many events supporting this theme in the book and also in reality. How to define "good" and "bad"? Everyone has his or her own judgment and there's no model answer for it. It depends on the point of view and position of the person. There's a direction for what is fair and what is foul while there's a large grey area in between, no definite border can be seen. ...read more.


She encourages her husband to kill the King and even pray to the god for "unsex" her. Her husband even said that she, having such a maculating attitude, should give birth to male children only. Moreover, refers to what the witches' prophecies for Banquo "not so happy, yet much happier" and "lesser than Macbeth, and greater" (Act 1.3.68-70), both of them contradicts each other and have double meanings. For example, Banquo won't be king but he will be the father of a long line of kings and Macbeth as king should be far happier than Banquo but Banquo is mentally happier than Macbeth because he has a free conscience. Lastly for Macduff, his wife said he is a traitor as he abundant his family and fled to England. ...read more.


There are many examples in the daily life which can proof Shakespeare's thesis. For example in politics, critics of the Iraq War say the U.S. won it but lost it, echoing the words of the witches. Clinton's second term as U.S. president was fair in terms of the economy and foul in terms of the sex scandal that led to his impeachment. A more common example which almost all students have the experience is getting a low mark in the test or a bad grade in the report card. This seems foul as it is said to be a failure, but this is actually fair as failure makes improvement. In conclusion, "Fair is foul and foul is fair" (Act 1.1.11-12) is not only true in Macbeth but also in the actual world. Make a second thought, fair and foul is actually the same thing. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. In the famous play Macbeth, William Shakespeare stimulates the senses with both blood imagery ...

    But there is still the ruined wall, and near it, the stealthy tread of the foe that would win over again his unforgotten triumph. (137) For Crews the "'stealthy foe' may be identified as guilt, rather than the urge to sin.

  2. Hedda Gabler- structure of the play and the major characters

    However, since Brack is a male, he is able to accomplish much more in his life. This is seen by his constant yearning for the love triangle between Tesman Hedda and Brack. His ability to confront the situation shows how corrupt an individual he is, and how different life is

  1. Frankenstein, although being fairly old, portrays many themes out of which Death and Isolation ...

    From now, the theme of death occurs more frequently. Justine is declared guilty and executed, and this fills Victor with grief. He becomes consumed with his own guilt; knowing that the monster he created and the cloak of secrecy with which the creation took place have now caused the death of two members of his family.

  2. World Literature 1 - Clouds of Discontent in Crime and Punishment(TM) and Siddhartha(TM)

    love of his friend Govinda, would not always make him happy, give him peace, satisfy and suffice him. ...To whom else should one offer sacrifice, to whom else should one pay honor, but to Him, Atman, the Only One?"6 Herman Hesse's diction reflects Siddhartha's spiritual discontent and his desire to seek Atman.

  1. Hamlet Act I Questions and Answers

    What is his state of mind? Cite lines and explain how the literary devices work. Hamlet's soliloquy in Act I, scene 2 shows his suicidal state of mind in an imperfect world: "too sullied flesh would melt, thaw, and resolve itself into a dew" (I.ii.129-130).

  2. Analysis of Hamlet in Act 1

    The phrase ?In this distracted globe? (I.5.97) is richly ambiguous, referring to Hamlet?s mind, to the world?s in which he finds himself and also of course, to the theatre in which the play is being performed. Shakespeare deliberately uses the word ?commandment? (I.5.103)

  1. To what extent was President Richard Nixon responsible in the Watergate scandal in 1972-1974?

    The unraveling of the alleged cover-up began in the aftermath of the arrest of the burglars when their hotel rooms were ransacked and thousands of dollars in cash were found[3]. This further helped the investigation with the entire scandal. People have repeatedly argued whether Nixon was directly or indirectly involved in the Watergate Scandal.

  2. How far does Macbeth fit the dramatic model of a tragic hero ?

    Here is the example of Macbeth's soliloquy in Act I scene iii. In the beginning of this monologue, Macbeth ?anticipates a mighty drama?. This shows he knows and he has got an idea of what he's going to do: ?As happy prologues to the swelling act of the imperial theme?.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work