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Fair is foul and foul is fair (Act 1.1.11-12). This is a famous line and also one of the major themes in Macbeth.

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Fair is Foul "Fair is foul and foul is fair" (Act 1.1.11-12). This is a famous line and also one of the major themes in Macbeth. It has many meanings and can be analyzed forever. One of the meaning is things are not appear as they seem. There are many events supporting this theme in the book and also in reality. How to define "good" and "bad"? Everyone has his or her own judgment and there's no model answer for it. It depends on the point of view and position of the person. There's a direction for what is fair and what is foul while there's a large grey area in between, no definite border can be seen. ...read more.


She encourages her husband to kill the King and even pray to the god for "unsex" her. Her husband even said that she, having such a maculating attitude, should give birth to male children only. Moreover, refers to what the witches' prophecies for Banquo "not so happy, yet much happier" and "lesser than Macbeth, and greater" (Act 1.3.68-70), both of them contradicts each other and have double meanings. For example, Banquo won't be king but he will be the father of a long line of kings and Macbeth as king should be far happier than Banquo but Banquo is mentally happier than Macbeth because he has a free conscience. Lastly for Macduff, his wife said he is a traitor as he abundant his family and fled to England. ...read more.


There are many examples in the daily life which can proof Shakespeare's thesis. For example in politics, critics of the Iraq War say the U.S. won it but lost it, echoing the words of the witches. Clinton's second term as U.S. president was fair in terms of the economy and foul in terms of the sex scandal that led to his impeachment. A more common example which almost all students have the experience is getting a low mark in the test or a bad grade in the report card. This seems foul as it is said to be a failure, but this is actually fair as failure makes improvement. In conclusion, "Fair is foul and foul is fair" (Act 1.1.11-12) is not only true in Macbeth but also in the actual world. Make a second thought, fair and foul is actually the same thing. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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