• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does the selfconsciousness of the main character influence the ending of Henrik Ibsens A Dolls House??

Extracts from this document...


How does the self-consciousness of the main character influence the ending of Henrik Ibsen?s ?a doll?s house??? When Nora slammed the door in the face of Torvald, the echo of this estrangement shook the pillars of the male dominated society where women were assigned stereotyped roles and were robbed of any independence and identity. From time immemorial writers and playwrights have written the tales of self-consciousness and revolutions from within wherein the woman was influenced to rebel against the constraints as imposed by the social and cultural beliefs, and dogmas of the society. Ibsen?s ? A Doll?s House? also portrays the character of a woman who rejects her house, husband and children when her consciousness impels her to find her identity in the patriarchal society. This essay looks how her self-consciousness influences the ending of the play, ?A Doll?s House? in the light of the major theme, language and characters as employed by the Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen. Ibsen deals with the theme of identity crisis in Nora?s life, and gives a short description of the way things have been with her. Nora has had a past of her identity crisis when her father, a spendthrift and a dishonest man treated her as a pet. Although the play has often been termed feminist and realist, it is pragmatic as well. ...read more.


Ibsen never wished to write a feminist play but he certainly draws our attention to the society in which a woman has no say in the society. The issue of feminism was in his subconscious. In his words, ?in practical life, woman is judged by masculine law, as though she weren't a woman but a man - a woman cannot be herself in modern society.? The play shows that Nora?s realization does not come in the blink of an eye; it is wrought about by her observation of two more characters: Dr. Rank and Ms. Linde. The two characters strengthen in her the resolve to find a meaning to her life. Dr. Rank rules his life till the very end. And Ms. Linde is a great example of a woman who can not only sacrifice her happiness for her family but is brave enough also to go to Krogstad and propose to him in order to lead a better life. It is the art of characterization with which Ibsen gives a lending hand to Nora to seek her identity. It does not take long for the audience to anticipate the tragedy in a three-act play. Ibsen is very economical with characters and scenes. The epiphanic moment for Nora is close at hand. ...read more.


But what about her quest for her identity? Would Torvald ever consider her on an equal footing? It does not seem possible. Torvald is shown by Ibsen as a representative of the patriarchal society in whose eyes a woman is no more than an object and a commodity. Torvald is a weak character that lacks moral courage. More than Nora he is worried about what the people at the bank will say of the forgery. He does not realize that it was his duty to perform the ?wonderful thing? for a wife who has been an epitome of feminine love and virtues. Therefore Nora?s decision to renounce her family in the wake of her self-consciousness is justified. The ending of the play certainly seems tragic, but as an open ended play, the ending is open to various interpretations. She is a great example to show that ?Whatever we treasure for ourselves separates us from others; our possessions are our limitations.? Nora is justified in her decision: she leaves a husband who is morally a coward, and her children ?in better hands than hers.? Nora?s character guided by her self consciousness serves a role model for the ages to come. The doll?s house collapses to metamorphose into a modern woman, and this ending is exemplar in that it guides the women that they have a duty to themselves as well besides their husbands and children! The ending takes place on a note of joy and not on tragedy! ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. Diary entry from Torvald from Ibsens A Dolls House.

    While Dr Rank, Ms Linde and I went off to discuss her employment, Nora had stayed home, I am not entirely sure what happened next, I believe that Krogstad paid a visit to Nora and blackmailed her into trying to convince me to keep that vile Krogstad after my promotion.

  2. Fasting, Feasting by Anita Dessai. Description of the main Characters

    Her impatience increases her rudeness to the unmarriageable Uma, who cannot be removed as an impediment to Aruna's plans quickly enough. Eventually, Aruna marries a successful man and Aruna creates a shallow, distant life in Bombay, far away from her family's emotional and physical ties.

  1. There are many differences but also similarities between the ways Henrik Ibsen and Thomas ...

    Rank is very different. She appears to be flirtatious, 'I've always got time for you......you can only look at the feet. Oh well, you might as well see a bit higher up, too.' The language that Torvald uses with Nora compared to the way Alec and Angel talk to Tess there are many differences.

  2. Discuss how Ibsen has shaped your response to the issues raised in A Dolls ...

    Ibsen has used debt in the play as a theatrical device to reveal the issues of the appearance of marriage versus the reality of the shallowness of marriage as a social construct. In a conversation between Nora and Mrs Linde, Mrs Linde shows her surprise of Nora's dishonesty about her debt "you won't ever tell him".

  1. Notes on Nora's transformation in "A Dolls House".

    MRS LINDE Oh? NORA You?re just like the rest of them. You all think I?m useless when it comes to anything really serious ? (Act One, 12) Mrs Linde?s comments have pushed her to reveal her ?really big thing? for the first time ? she has saved Helmer?s life.

  2. In A Dolls House by defying societal norms Nora enhances the empowerment of ...

    in today?s world, In Ibsen?s time, it was protocol for a man to put himself first. "No man would sacrifice his honour for the one he loves.? Women knew it was a way of life. Nora, Ms. Linde and every other childbearing female was expected to surpass their personal desires for the more holistic ones, such as their families.

  1. Family Values in Siddhartha by Hesse and A Doll's House by Ibsen

    Siddhartha has his own elaborate ways to go about business and he has good control financial concepts. At the same time Nora is involved in a great amount of business and is familiar with a man named krogstad. He has leverage over Nora as she owes him some money and had been involved in some illegal acts.

  2. Stereotypical image of women in Henrik Ibsens Dolls House and in August Strindbergs ...

    Moreover Trovald treated Nora like a doll and tries to control her she was restricted from eating macaroons (which symbolizes her temptations) and was not allowed to pursue her simple desire. As quoted from the novel ?A Doll?s House? by Henrik Ibsen ?Helmer- when did the squirrel get home?? ?Nora-Just this minute.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work