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How does the selfconsciousness of the main character influence the ending of Henrik Ibsens A Dolls House??

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Introduction

How does the self-consciousness of the main character influence the ending of Henrik Ibsen?s ?a doll?s house??? When Nora slammed the door in the face of Torvald, the echo of this estrangement shook the pillars of the male dominated society where women were assigned stereotyped roles and were robbed of any independence and identity. From time immemorial writers and playwrights have written the tales of self-consciousness and revolutions from within wherein the woman was influenced to rebel against the constraints as imposed by the social and cultural beliefs, and dogmas of the society. Ibsen?s ? A Doll?s House? also portrays the character of a woman who rejects her house, husband and children when her consciousness impels her to find her identity in the patriarchal society. This essay looks how her self-consciousness influences the ending of the play, ?A Doll?s House? in the light of the major theme, language and characters as employed by the Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen. Ibsen deals with the theme of identity crisis in Nora?s life, and gives a short description of the way things have been with her. Nora has had a past of her identity crisis when her father, a spendthrift and a dishonest man treated her as a pet. Although the play has often been termed feminist and realist, it is pragmatic as well. ...read more.

Middle

Ibsen never wished to write a feminist play but he certainly draws our attention to the society in which a woman has no say in the society. The issue of feminism was in his subconscious. In his words, ?in practical life, woman is judged by masculine law, as though she weren't a woman but a man - a woman cannot be herself in modern society.? The play shows that Nora?s realization does not come in the blink of an eye; it is wrought about by her observation of two more characters: Dr. Rank and Ms. Linde. The two characters strengthen in her the resolve to find a meaning to her life. Dr. Rank rules his life till the very end. And Ms. Linde is a great example of a woman who can not only sacrifice her happiness for her family but is brave enough also to go to Krogstad and propose to him in order to lead a better life. It is the art of characterization with which Ibsen gives a lending hand to Nora to seek her identity. It does not take long for the audience to anticipate the tragedy in a three-act play. Ibsen is very economical with characters and scenes. The epiphanic moment for Nora is close at hand. ...read more.

Conclusion

But what about her quest for her identity? Would Torvald ever consider her on an equal footing? It does not seem possible. Torvald is shown by Ibsen as a representative of the patriarchal society in whose eyes a woman is no more than an object and a commodity. Torvald is a weak character that lacks moral courage. More than Nora he is worried about what the people at the bank will say of the forgery. He does not realize that it was his duty to perform the ?wonderful thing? for a wife who has been an epitome of feminine love and virtues. Therefore Nora?s decision to renounce her family in the wake of her self-consciousness is justified. The ending of the play certainly seems tragic, but as an open ended play, the ending is open to various interpretations. She is a great example to show that ?Whatever we treasure for ourselves separates us from others; our possessions are our limitations.? Nora is justified in her decision: she leaves a husband who is morally a coward, and her children ?in better hands than hers.? Nora?s character guided by her self consciousness serves a role model for the ages to come. The doll?s house collapses to metamorphose into a modern woman, and this ending is exemplar in that it guides the women that they have a duty to themselves as well besides their husbands and children! The ending takes place on a note of joy and not on tragedy! ...read more.

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