• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How does the selfconsciousness of the main character influence the ending of Henrik Ibsens A Dolls House??

Extracts from this document...


How does the self-consciousness of the main character influence the ending of Henrik Ibsen?s ?a doll?s house??? When Nora slammed the door in the face of Torvald, the echo of this estrangement shook the pillars of the male dominated society where women were assigned stereotyped roles and were robbed of any independence and identity. From time immemorial writers and playwrights have written the tales of self-consciousness and revolutions from within wherein the woman was influenced to rebel against the constraints as imposed by the social and cultural beliefs, and dogmas of the society. Ibsen?s ? A Doll?s House? also portrays the character of a woman who rejects her house, husband and children when her consciousness impels her to find her identity in the patriarchal society. This essay looks how her self-consciousness influences the ending of the play, ?A Doll?s House? in the light of the major theme, language and characters as employed by the Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen. Ibsen deals with the theme of identity crisis in Nora?s life, and gives a short description of the way things have been with her. Nora has had a past of her identity crisis when her father, a spendthrift and a dishonest man treated her as a pet. Although the play has often been termed feminist and realist, it is pragmatic as well. ...read more.


Ibsen never wished to write a feminist play but he certainly draws our attention to the society in which a woman has no say in the society. The issue of feminism was in his subconscious. In his words, ?in practical life, woman is judged by masculine law, as though she weren't a woman but a man - a woman cannot be herself in modern society.? The play shows that Nora?s realization does not come in the blink of an eye; it is wrought about by her observation of two more characters: Dr. Rank and Ms. Linde. The two characters strengthen in her the resolve to find a meaning to her life. Dr. Rank rules his life till the very end. And Ms. Linde is a great example of a woman who can not only sacrifice her happiness for her family but is brave enough also to go to Krogstad and propose to him in order to lead a better life. It is the art of characterization with which Ibsen gives a lending hand to Nora to seek her identity. It does not take long for the audience to anticipate the tragedy in a three-act play. Ibsen is very economical with characters and scenes. The epiphanic moment for Nora is close at hand. ...read more.


But what about her quest for her identity? Would Torvald ever consider her on an equal footing? It does not seem possible. Torvald is shown by Ibsen as a representative of the patriarchal society in whose eyes a woman is no more than an object and a commodity. Torvald is a weak character that lacks moral courage. More than Nora he is worried about what the people at the bank will say of the forgery. He does not realize that it was his duty to perform the ?wonderful thing? for a wife who has been an epitome of feminine love and virtues. Therefore Nora?s decision to renounce her family in the wake of her self-consciousness is justified. The ending of the play certainly seems tragic, but as an open ended play, the ending is open to various interpretations. She is a great example to show that ?Whatever we treasure for ourselves separates us from others; our possessions are our limitations.? Nora is justified in her decision: she leaves a husband who is morally a coward, and her children ?in better hands than hers.? Nora?s character guided by her self consciousness serves a role model for the ages to come. The doll?s house collapses to metamorphose into a modern woman, and this ending is exemplar in that it guides the women that they have a duty to themselves as well besides their husbands and children! The ending takes place on a note of joy and not on tragedy! ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. Money and Happiness:Neither in de Maupassants The Necklace, nor in Ibsens A Dolls House, ...

    And, dressed like the woman of the people, she went to the fruiter, the grocer, the butcher, her basket on her arm, bargained, insulted, defending her miserable money sou by sou. Each month they had to meet some notes, renew others, obtain more time" (de Maupassant 134).

  2. Diary entry from Torvald from Ibsens A Dolls House.

    While Dr Rank, Ms Linde and I went off to discuss her employment, Nora had stayed home, I am not entirely sure what happened next, I believe that Krogstad paid a visit to Nora and blackmailed her into trying to convince me to keep that vile Krogstad after my promotion.

  1. Fasting, Feasting by Anita Dessai. Description of the main Characters

    Aruna has more redeeming qualities that Uma in that she is a little brighter, prettier, and more socially adapt. Aruna is ready to escape the restrictive childhood home when it comes time to marry.

  2. Contrasting the straight forward realist drama style of "A Doll's House" by Henrik Ibsen ...

    Do you hear me Torwald? Call her back! You don't know what that letter can bring upon us. Helmer: It's too late. Nora. (In horror-stricken voice) What do tou mean by that? ("A Doll's House" Henrik Ibsen p.49, Act 3)

  1. Discuss how Ibsen has shaped your response to the issues raised in A Dolls ...

    Honesty in relationships is once again an issue that transcends time and is just as important to Ibsen's audience in 1882 as it would be to an audience in 2009. Further on in the play once Torvald discovers Krogstads letter stating that Nora has committed fraud, he is furious and

  2. What is the significance of the sub-plot in 'A Doll's House'; what contribution do ...

    She is much more intelligently aware than Nora is of the consequences of Torvald receiving the news of his wife's forgery, displayed in Nora's attempts to stall Torvald from reading it. This also signifies her continued denial of the true nature of her marriage.

  1. There are many differences but also similarities between the ways Henrik Ibsen and Thomas ...

    The significance of this is that in 'A Doll's House' the plot of the play unravels in the space of a few days, whereas through the use of phases in 'Tess of the D'Urbervilles' the plot unravels over several years and the reader receives a prolonged view of the growth of Tess' character.

  2. In A Dolls House by defying societal norms Nora enhances the empowerment of ...

    He made people question the current social norm and created an exceptional scenario where a woman like Nora could excel. Nora?s power struggle is evident, having been under the force field of a man more than once. ?Surely you can understand that being with Torvald is a little like being with papa.?.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work