• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How victims of globalisation have been presented in poems, novels and films.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In the late 20th century some people could be regarded or see themselves as victims of globalisation. Critically evaluate the way composers have represented these people to show how globalisation has created ways of thinking that have affected them. Globalisation has seen the erosion of traditional boundaries, in order for technology to expand the communication of universal truths, collapsing time and distance, and homogenise global and local constructions of reality into a single cultural identity. This "culture of cultures," however, maintains values which perpetuate negative impacts upon the local, victimising one's cultural environment and identity on various levels as can be seen in Seamus Heaney's poems - "Digging" and "Requiem for the Croppies," and Annie Proulx's novel- "The Shipping News." These texts along with others including Yasumara Morimara's visual "The Slaughter Cabinet II," the film "Snow Falling on Cedar," and the Television series - "Star Trek: Voyager;" use various techniques and paradigms to illustrate how retreating becomes a way of challenging the status quo, through preserving the local. These texts illustrate the way globalisation has created different ways of thinking, which have often emphasised the way one struggles to exclude the global, or balance both cultural forces. These different ways of thinking have often come to existence, as a result of individuals who become aware of the disintegration of the qualities which make their local traditional and enlightening. ...read more.

Middle

Scientifically, there are those who argue that the victimisation of the local is inevitable, as culture is a social invention, changing since the beginning of history. The "Requiem for the Croppies" however, utilizes past tense to create a nihilistic atmosphere illustrating the way a retreat can be made through counterattacking all consuming global forces such as colonialism - ""Terraced thousands died, shaking scythes at cannons." The image of the priest and the tramp together, transcends class and religious barriers, and illustrates the way the local upholds their land to any cost. The phrase "Shaking scythes at cannons" is symbolic of the inadequacies suffered by the local, however, it allows the local to inherit heroic qualities. The first person plural of "we" and "our," further personalises the local's struggle. The imagery of the barley and the notion of time, invokes the audience's sense of justice, attentively highlighting the local's defiance through counterattacking -"and in august...the barley grew up out of our grave." Like Heaney's poems, the positive qualities of the local, brings about a struggle for those who are confronted with the pressure of global networks to standardise. chapter 25 of "The Shipping News," in particular, sees Proulx's characterisation of Tert Card and Billy Petty, illustrate her debates on the ways individuals are economically victimised - "We're all going to be rich... ...read more.

Conclusion

The contrast of flashbacks however illustrates the extent to which global attitudes affect the local. The parade scene, for instance, is similar to the Christmas Pageant, and contrasts to the flashbacks of World War II, where Japanese fellow citizens are placed into concentration camps. The discontinuation of the music, the spatial distance between the boat exporting the Japanese people and the island creates a dramatic visual impact, convincing us that, at times, the chance the local spirit retreat, after the erosion of communal values, is relatively less. Retreating from the global constitutes an exclusion of global ways and a preservation of contrasting traditional values in order to avoid a victimisation the global perpetuates. As the texts show through creating symbolic relationships with global and local concepts, globalisation has created a vast tapestry of ideals and values. The representations of one's retreat, suggest that the global is all consuming, and negatively impacts upon local culture, as consumerism, materialism and hedonism erode traditions and identity. Retreating is thus more preferable, however, may not always be possible due to the degree cultures have become standardised. Some of the composers, however, illustrate that the global can provide benefits to accommodate the inadequacies of the local. And in turn, most of the texts point to the ideal that there is a need to integrate global and local aspects - a glocalised culture, in order to substantially support one's identity in the 20th century. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. Two poems that have captured the essence of emotional survival are Katrina by Bruce ...

    However, there are many different ways of coping with terrible experiences and this may just be their way of enduring themselves.

  2. During the entire novel of The Sorrow of War Kien is on a quest ...

    This could be indication of Ninh's belief that any attempt at separation, be it in attempt to hold onto sanctity or in search of entertainment, can only ever culminate in disaster, whether it be the all-consuming questions of what if or the destruction of a bond by circumstance.

  1. I will be examining two poems, The History Teacher by Billy Collins and The ...

    This proves that even little children are prone to be nasty. The best thing to ensure a kinder, gentler generation is not ignorance but education. The children need to be told exactly what happened like the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima during World War 2 and the consequences that it had.

  2. An exploration of the ways in which injustice in both novels is revealed. ...

    Their breakfast 'skilly' includes 'little fish' whose flesh had 'disintegrated', 'cabbage' and sometimes it consists only of 'carrot', which is followed by 'magara porridge', which was "tasteless when hot, and left you no sense of having filled your belly"(p. 18).

  1. Duffy and Donne and their portrayal of the loss of identity

    The choice of the simile is a representation of the physiological change she is going through. Another simile, "shedding its skin like a snake" shows how the changes she went through after the shift were natural and could not be helped.

  2. Free essay

    It has been said that literature consists of victors and victims. Discuss how the ...

    Santiago's reputation succeeds his fathers in almost every way. More likely than not, it was this reputation and the fact that it was him who deflowered their sister that led to the Vicario twins decision to kill Nasar. Pablo and Pedro Vicario could be interpreted as cold-blooded murderers, or in fact overprotective brothers upholding their family's honour.

  1. WIT Essay_Zorba the Greek_Personification of Dyonisian and Epicurean Values in Zorba

    or the consequences your actions may have, and are ultimately doing what makes you happy. This definition of "harum-scarum" can be extended to include giving your emotions free reign or being reckless with your emotions. Someone who is "harum-scarum" is someone who does not think of the consequences of allowing emotions to control their actions.

  2. Stereotyping in Literature - 4 modern American novels concerned with ethnic identity.

    Through evolution, humans have evolved to be social animals. They tend to perform better in groups, prefer group activities, and even the process of becoming civilized was one of group cooperation. There are, of course numerous ways to organize groups, a number of templates that may be appropriate for certain

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work