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In Animal farm, George Orwell uses the setting of an animal farm to satirically describe his views of the communist revolution in Russia. He paints a very vivid picture of the events before, during and after the revolution.

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Introduction

Vivek Radhakrishnan English 10 18th September 2007 Period B Animal Farm In Animal farm, George Orwell uses the setting of an animal farm to satirically describe his views of the communist revolution in Russia. He paints a very vivid picture of the events before, during and after the revolution. The characters are thinly veiled and offer enough clues to the readers so that they can recognise the true personalities they represent. He uses these characters allegorically to express his disappointment with the corruption of the communist ideal. To start with, the pigs that came up with an idea to throw the humans out are the equivalent of the 'Politburo' which started the communist ideology in Russia. Old Major has a dream in which he sees the animals overthrow the humans. He then sets rules as to how the farm should be run, Animalism. This event in the book represents the establishment of a communist ideal and the writing of the Communists' Manifesto. ...read more.

Middle

However the pigs would intelligently convince all the animals that it was absolutely necessary for the pigs to have all the milk and fruits as it was for the pig's good health. The pigs even start fighting within themselves for dominance. (Quote) This represents the new elite class of Russians, the Soviets. This was an absolute deviation from the original intention of the revolution. The pigs needed a mean to cover up the corruption done by them from the other animals. The pigs came up with the idea of utilising a propagandist who would mislead and distort the truth. This propagandist is none other than Squealer. He is representative of the Soviet Union's Ministry of Information or Pravda, both mediums of propaganda for the USSR. The job of Squealer was to maintain the superiority of the 'ruling' pigs (i.e. Politburo). (Quote) The pig's corruption was to such an extent that they had to constantly keep changing the laws. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is preposterous behaviour on the part of the pigs as they have gone down to the limit of killing the best and the most hardworking animal on the farm just because he is hurt, wishes to retire and will not do any labour. This strong imagery of the hardships of the common man demonstrates the deep anguish felt by Orwell for the victims of the revolution. The most tragic consequence of the failure of the revolution is the pigs slowly becoming humans. The pigs sequentially break each and every one of the established laws of Animalism. They finally do the most opposite thing according to Animalism by having human habits (e.g. gambling, drinking, walking upright etc.). The pigs even befriend their old foes, humans, these people who had once suppressed and enslaved them. (Quote) Orwell reaches the zenith of disappointment at this point and says that it was hard to differentiate between humans and pigs. ...read more.

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