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Lord of the Flies Allegory Essay

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Siddhanth Goyal Mrs. Zaffarese ELA Honors 4th Period 11/6/11 Lord of the Flies Allegory Essay In the novel The Lord of the Flies, the schoolboys who are stranded on an uninhabited and desolate island, come in contact with a multitude of elements that epitomize a multiplicity of ideas and concepts. Through the use of symbols such as the pig's head, the beast, inherent evil, items such as the conch and Piggy?s specs, the characters themselves, William Golding, attempts to display the revelation of evil from within the children and the overarching theme of the book, the conflict of the human inclination towards savagery and the rules that bind us to civilization. Golding demonstrates that the children are not conditioned by society to act evil or, that a satanic force is driving them towards such a malevolent and nefarious demeanor; it is an innate evil within that is causing them to act this way. The novel could be read literally as a tale of stranded schoolboys who gradually deteriorate into savagery but, it has an abundance of underlying meanings. The main allegory in the tale is that of inherent evil that is present within humanity and given the correct circumstances, compels people to degenerate into maelstrom. Through these symbols, Golding attempts to personify the book as an allegory; in which he succeeds as the tale contains numerous items and characters that hypostatize the main themes and ideas contained within the book?s pages. ...read more.


Golding uses Piggy?s specs to represent intelligence, rationality, and common sense; which are all traits attributed to a civilized human being who thrives in a society that is bound by rules and laws. The glasses evidently render Piggy as the most civilized child on the island as he has the ability to rationalize prior to his actions and evaluate the major conflicts on the island. Because the glasses denote judgment, intuition, and perception, the wearer is also depicted as such. As the boys start to disregard Piggy and exclude him from activities, they are also ostracizing the cogent sense that they have until now, been accustomed to. Throughout the novel, the specs are tainted by dirt, which is a metaphor for the sins of the children and how Piggy is attempting to wipe that away. Jack and the hunters use the specs to start a fire atop Castle Rock which is ironic because, the item that symbolizes intelligence is being used to start the descent into savagery. The deterioration of the glasses is a parallel for their archaic society. After Jack slaps Piggy and shatters one of the lenses, Piggy?s vision diminishes and he becomes ?bind?, the boys metaphorically become blinded to the concepts of rationality and intellectualism. ...read more.


The cruel and sadistic side of man is represented through Jack, who attempts to dispose of Ralph?s civilized rule in order to enforce his own, through violence. In the book, the children?s savagery is displayed through their futile endeavor to kill Ralph and their hunt of the animals. Through this, Golding tries to imply that rules and order are forced upon humans by society and that when the rules of society are removed, then the barbaric nature within, resurfaces. This is an idea that could be related to events that were occurring at the time period this book was written: the atrocious acts committed by the Germans and Japanese, which resulted in the deaths of millions. However, they were not the only evil people during the war; Americans also killed millions of innocents through the droppings of the atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Throughout the novel, Golding exhibits his belief that human nature is the reason for the corruption of society. This notion is illustrated trough his use of a variety of symbols. He uses these to symbols too delineate the novel as an allegory; a book that has a literal and an underlying meaning. He intended for people to see through the plot and truly understand the message that he was trying to convey. His idea of innate evil is central to the book and is displayed most prominently by the beast, and the head of the sow. ...read more.

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