• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka is a novel that very effectively brings out the economic as well as social aspects of being part of a middle class Jewish speaking German family.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Metamorphosis ? Franz Kafka Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka is a novel that very effectively brings out the economic as well as social aspects of being part of a middle class Jewish speaking German family. The protagonist Gregor is subject to exploitation by his overtly lazy father, ailing mother and sister full of ?Childhood flightiness? even before turning into a ?monstrous vermin? and post his transformation. He being the sole bread earner in the family, has all the responsibilities thus leaving him no time to himself causing him to ?lock his door from inside? in order to get some privacy. This shows that due to the poor relationship between his family and him, how he chose to remain further isolated. It also shows how being locked up in his room creates a barrier not only between him and his family, but also the outside world. His metamorphosis not only changes him physically, but brings about a significant change in him mentally. Gregor is fully taken advantage of by his family members, especially his father. For instance, Gregor?s father used to ?read the newspaper out loud? and ?hiss at him? and give him a ?shove? which certainly suggests that he is not as weak as he portrays and can definitely work, but chooses to leave it all up to poor Gregor. ...read more.

Middle

Before his transformation also, there used to be hardly any conversation besides that of money, so now the only difference is that Gregor is seeing it with open eyes. Grete decided to be in charge of Gregor, and hence decided to remove ?all of the furniture with the exception of the indispensable couch?. They dint remove the ?indispensable couch? because they still found Gregor?s appearance to be ?repulsive? and preferred not having any contact with him. She did this only because she enjoyed the importance she got, and it was just out of ?childish flightiness?. They removed ?everything that he loved? thus trying to further break his human bond. His mother, the woman who kept him in her stomach for nine months, the one for whom he worked day in and day out so that she wouldn?t have to do household chores, she shrieked at the sight of Gregor and found him repulsive. the mother is also the one who asks for the door to be shut and secludes Gregor even more. What makes it ironic is that a complete stranger, the new maid, is the only person who directly strikes conversation with Gregor and is not repulsed by Gregor. ...read more.

Conclusion

Instead of easing Gregor?s pain, his father pelts him with apple and does not even think of opening ?the other wing of the door in order to give Gregor enough room to pass through?. All the members of the family are too self-centered to ever worry about one another. What is very surprising in the book is that, the family can answer every whim and fancy of the three boarders, in fact the family now ?ate in the kitchen? and Grete and Mrs.Samsa cooked for the boarders. If they could do so much for the boarders who are outsiders, why not for their own son and brother who was in desperate need of help? Even after his death, they don?t feel any great sense of loss instead Mr.Samsa says, ?Now we can thank god? showing how Gregor was never really treated as a family member and was isolated throughout his lifespan. The family never really functioned as a normal family, but the death of Gregor is what brings dysfunctional family together as ? all three of them left the apartment together, something they had not done in months?. Thus, Gregor was not only alienated and isolated from his family, but also from the outside world. The book tracks the journey of him initially not having any self-knowledge to him finally letting his unconscious mind out. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. An analysis of "Metamorphosis" by Franz Kafka

    Oversleeping is a crime because by oversleeping Gregor misses business and thus wastes money. Gregor's mother, speaking with the chief clerk, notes that Gregor thinks of nothing but work and never goes out in the evening.

  2. Gusev Analysis. Chekov brings up two ordinary characters that are suffering under the ...

    There is insensitivity and lack of humanity, even a cruelty, in Paul Ivanitch's constantly forcing his anger and views onto the simple and complacent Gusev. Indeed, Pavel Ivanitch enjoys in his reputation as an "insufferable" person, declaring: "I am protest incarnate."

  1. Michael Ondaatje first published "The Cinnamon Peeler" in 1982 as part of his book ...

    The third stanza of the poem becomes more erotic. When the second stanza described the woman's "breasts and shoulders," now the speaker has moved on to moving lower on the woman's body. Discussing more areas of the body that his cinnamon scent could be. The speaker mentions the woman's thigh.

  2. A Comparison of Isolationism in The Metamorphosis and Paradise of the Blind. ...

    Moreover, Alba highlights the main theme of the narrative by highlighting the importance of keeping family records throughout the generations. Within this detailed record, Allende displays the importance of the words of the past generations, by respecting the order of the family history to match that of Clara's that provides the basis for the record.

  1. In The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka, Gregors perception and behaviour towards his family are ...

    vigorous expression in his black eyes; his habitually unkempt white hair now briskly parted and combed into a shining tidy arrangement. (The Metamorphosis, 124) This moment is portrayed as a revelation for Gregor who barely recognises his father who has been transformed from a weak old man to a strong and firm working man.

  2. Toni Morrison's novel, "Sula", has been hailed by several critics as a remarkable expression ...

    Chloe's family life had many influences on her work. One such influence was superstition, which figured prominently into the belief system and activities of the family. Chloe's father loved to delight the children with scary ghost stories, which reflected superstition. Morrison's maternal grandmother kept a dream book with symbols.

  1. Social Distinction in the novel Pygmalion

    Eliza becoming the new ladylike Miss Doolittle, the way it registers some characteristics of English society in those years.

  2. The role of duties and responsibilities in 'the metamorphosis'

    Kafka illustrates his beliefs in independency and freedom of the societies, by debilitating the persona from bearing the burden of his family?s debts. This signifyies the immorality of a dependent society, as his family is powerless and vulnerable in a capitalistic society, which is the cause of his alienation.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work