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Nature and human nature in Alice Oswald's poem " Dart".

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Introduction

Nature and Human Nature in Dart Nature and human nature are two of the main themes treated in the poem. However, they both have different meanings. Firstly, nature means the world of living things and the outdoors. We recognize this definition through the King of Oakwoods passage; this is effectively shown by the presence of the nature's lexical field: ?oaks?, ?trees?, spring?, ?river?, ?water?, ?summer?, ?fields?. This lexical field and this meaning of the word nature are as well found in the naturalist passage, but in a little more thorough way; ?spawn?, ?water's sperm?, ?red-brown grass?, ?river?. This whole extract is about beauty of nature -even if a few aspects are somehow repugnant- and really demonstrates and proves something we tend to forget: how a human being can be interested in each single detail and concept of nature because, basically, our existence comes from nature... Nature also means a wild primitive state of existence, untouched and uninfluenced by man, civilization and artificiality. We notice this in the forester and the woodnymph; the forester tells and talks of what he observes and sees, while the nymph talks of what she feels. ...read more.

Middle

An old man seeking and finding a difficulty.?. Moreover, the author describes him a little: ?An old man, fifty years a mountaineer?, ?listen to the horrible keep-time of a man walking, rustling and jingling his keys at the centre of his own noise.? The notion of identity is clearly existing here, but also in the naturalist part; we know what he's interested in, that he admires nature which makes this passage rather poetic than pragmatic. However, this extract is more personal than the walker passage -there are more first person singular pronouns- and she's involved in what she sees around her and expresses feeling (?I love that?). The sound patterns -as ?she loves songs, she belongs to the soundmarks of larks?- express her relationship with nature, its beauty. The poacher and the fisherman and the bailiff show as well some identity in the poem; the poacher has a particular attitude to the river. He seems possessive, uncaring and resentful of others. We notice as well the structure of this passage with short phrases to convey excitement: ?On a S-bend. ...read more.

Conclusion

So this was for nature in Dart and of course it is related to human nature which has especially one main definition. Human nature in the poem can be defined as the unique elements that form a basic part of human life and distinguish it from other animal life. We recognize this signification particularly through the naturalist and the swimmer parts: because in the swimmer passage we notice a reference to an animal: ?we change ourselves into the fish dimension?. The word ?into? particularly emphasizes the transformation implicated. And in the naturalist extract, which is the one where we find the more animal enunciations: ?frogs?, ?Butterflies?, ?heron?, ?eel?, ?otter?. In fact we notice that he pays no attention to capitals at the start of the sentences but that he does care capitalising animals; the importance given to nature and animals is then clearly shown and proved here. To conclude, we can say that Alice Oswald does talk about nature at first, and then builds up human nature theme with and through it. By the way, her poem ends up with the part of the sealwatcher; the verb 'to seal' also means to close up securely. So we can say that, at the end, the author seals her poem. ...read more.

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