• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

New Zealand poems. For EACH of the texts, analyse how the writer used symbols to develop important ideas. Texts: House and land, by Allen Curnow; Sad Joke on a Marae, by Apirana Taylor

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question: For EACH of the texts, analyse how the writer used symbols to develop important ideas. Texts: ?House and land?, by Allen Curnow; ?Sad Joke on a Marae?, by Apirana Taylor Allen Curnow?s 1941 poem ?House and land? and Apirana Taylor?s 1979 poem ?Sad Joke on a Marae? both portray the idea of displacement. Each poet uses a symbol to develop this idea. ?House and land?, Curnow uses a dog as a symbol for the main character, Miss Wilson. Miss Wilson is a woman of 80 who lives alone on a farm in North Canterbury. Outside her house is a dog, which ?trailed its chain / From the privy as far as the fowl house / And back to the privy again?. ...read more.

Middle

The dog represents this idea of being ?caught between? places. He is trapped between the privy and the fowl house, and simply wanders between the two. In ?Sad Joke on a Marae?, Taylor uses the tekoteko to symbolise Maori culture. The poem deals with Tu, a young Maori man, when faced with the task of speaking at a marae, realises that ?Tihei mauriora? are the only Maori words he knows. This is embarrassing for him, as all around him are carvings which remind him of great Maori warriors of the past: ?Kupe Paikea Te Kooti / Rewi and Te Rauparaha?. We then read that the tekoteko ? the wooden carving attached to the top of the meeting house ? ?ripped his tongue from his mouth / and threw it at my feet?. ...read more.

Conclusion

Miss Wilson does not feel at home because she wants to be back in England, where her ancestors came from. Tu does not feel at home at the marae, because he has been brought up in the city, far away from his ancestral home. By comparing Miss Wilson to the tied up dog, and by contrasting Tu with the proud tekoteko, Curnow and Taylor help us to realise how displaced each of these characters is. In this way, they each develop the theme of displacement. On the surface, an 80 year old Pakeha woman living in North Canterbury in the 1940s, and a young Maori man living in the city in the 1970s, would not have very much in common. Through their use of symbols, Curnow and Taylor enable us to view one way in which the two characters are very alike: they both suffer from a sense of displacement. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. Of all the ideas portrayed in Barbara Kingsolvers, The Bean Trees, one of the ...

    They're coming with me'" (32). Naturally, as a woman, seeing that an infant was abused, Taylor felt accountable for caring for Turtle as if she were her own child. As the story progresses, so does the relationship between Taylor and Turtle. Taylor begins to feel emotionally attached to Turtle, and even feeling what Turtle herself cannot express.

  2. The texts The Fiftieth Gate (1997) by Mark Baker, John Menszers website HolocaustSurvivors.org (1999 ...

    In this particular case history has informed memory's understand of the world from which it developed (Bolszowce in this instance). History is seen to be more stubborn in accepting other understandings of the past, such as those that elucidate our own nature, in "I never believed her . . .

  1. I will be examining two poems, The History Teacher by Billy Collins and The ...

    The "History Teacher" in the poem is willingly na�ve and tries to create a false reality, one that he believes will sanguinely change the minds of the present generation. To give you an example, let's put our attention on stanza one.

  2. Examine the characterization of the central characters in The Outsider and Antigone and ...

    Anouilh's characterization of Antigone is two fold, often using the voice of the chorus to evoke imagery and comparison against the foils of Creon and Ismene, Anouilh engineers the antithesis of a melodramatic heroine. The Chorus introduces Antigone, "...the thin dark girl sitting there silent" and compares her with her sister "...Ismene - fair haired, beautiful, happy Ismene..."

  1. Images of Birds as Symbols of Character Traits and Struggles

    Her mother's attempts to make her "die in life" seemingly to no avail (89). In fact, many years of reflection have bestowed her with the maturity, good judgment and sense of humour she now answers the Chronicler's questions with. However, her countenance, "a woman half in mourning, with steel-rimmed glasses

  2. Two Kinds by Amy Tan and Under Pressure by Carl Honor are two texts ...

    Then gradually Carl Honoré switches his style appealing to pathos through his written work. He reminds the parents that not everyone will end up “to be truly exceptional in any field” (Line 23) however with tolerance, love and dignity parents have the power to change and accept their children.

  1. Edgar Allen Poe:Poe frequently uses a premature burial motif and a theme of suffocation.

    Is the narrator trying to convince himself he is sane because he is straddling the fence as Poe might have been doing in reality? Many would agree and use his works to argue that he, indeed, possessed multiple personalities. Next, would be the way Poe has his victims hidden impulsively and after their death.

  2. Explain how Sskind has used narrative to develop the plot and the characters in ...

    ?After he had smelled the last faded scent of her, he crouched beside her for a while, collecting himself, for he was brimful with her. He did not want to spill a drop of her scent.? This quotation shows that Grenouille cares for her scent and that humanity is not a priority, making him seem even less humane.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work