• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

New Zealand poems. For EACH of the texts, analyse how the writer used symbols to develop important ideas. Texts: House and land, by Allen Curnow; Sad Joke on a Marae, by Apirana Taylor

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question: For EACH of the texts, analyse how the writer used symbols to develop important ideas. Texts: ?House and land?, by Allen Curnow; ?Sad Joke on a Marae?, by Apirana Taylor Allen Curnow?s 1941 poem ?House and land? and Apirana Taylor?s 1979 poem ?Sad Joke on a Marae? both portray the idea of displacement. Each poet uses a symbol to develop this idea. ?House and land?, Curnow uses a dog as a symbol for the main character, Miss Wilson. Miss Wilson is a woman of 80 who lives alone on a farm in North Canterbury. Outside her house is a dog, which ?trailed its chain / From the privy as far as the fowl house / And back to the privy again?. ...read more.

Middle

The dog represents this idea of being ?caught between? places. He is trapped between the privy and the fowl house, and simply wanders between the two. In ?Sad Joke on a Marae?, Taylor uses the tekoteko to symbolise Maori culture. The poem deals with Tu, a young Maori man, when faced with the task of speaking at a marae, realises that ?Tihei mauriora? are the only Maori words he knows. This is embarrassing for him, as all around him are carvings which remind him of great Maori warriors of the past: ?Kupe Paikea Te Kooti / Rewi and Te Rauparaha?. We then read that the tekoteko ? the wooden carving attached to the top of the meeting house ? ?ripped his tongue from his mouth / and threw it at my feet?. ...read more.

Conclusion

Miss Wilson does not feel at home because she wants to be back in England, where her ancestors came from. Tu does not feel at home at the marae, because he has been brought up in the city, far away from his ancestral home. By comparing Miss Wilson to the tied up dog, and by contrasting Tu with the proud tekoteko, Curnow and Taylor help us to realise how displaced each of these characters is. In this way, they each develop the theme of displacement. On the surface, an 80 year old Pakeha woman living in North Canterbury in the 1940s, and a young Maori man living in the city in the 1970s, would not have very much in common. Through their use of symbols, Curnow and Taylor enable us to view one way in which the two characters are very alike: they both suffer from a sense of displacement. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. Examine the characterization of the central characters in The Outsider and Antigone and ...

    As the production runs its fatalistic course (the chorus told us the ending in the prologue) the reason for Antigone's difference becomes more pronounced. Like Meursault, Antigone rejects societal constraints, symbolized by her repudiation of Creon's realism in favor of her own idealism; this enables clear comparison between Creon and Antigone.

  2. I will be examining two poems, The History Teacher by Billy Collins and The ...

    The "History Teacher" in the poem is willingly na�ve and tries to create a false reality, one that he believes will sanguinely change the minds of the present generation. To give you an example, let's put our attention on stanza one.

  1. Of all the ideas portrayed in Barbara Kingsolvers, The Bean Trees, one of the ...

    They're coming with me'" (32). Naturally, as a woman, seeing that an infant was abused, Taylor felt accountable for caring for Turtle as if she were her own child. As the story progresses, so does the relationship between Taylor and Turtle. Taylor begins to feel emotionally attached to Turtle, and even feeling what Turtle herself cannot express.

  2. Reflections on "Miss Julie" in a cultural context

    The beer and wine that Miss Julie drinks symbolizes her confusion about which class she is, since beer is a lower class drink.

  1. Explain how Sskind has used narrative to develop the plot and the characters in ...

    that he had to use his other senses to confirm what he was smelling. This tells us that Grenouille had already categorised humans as a normal, nothing special scent for he didn?t believe that there was a human that could smell so good.

  2. Question: while the poems Kubla khan by Coleridge and La belle Dame Sans ...

    It is so strange that the poet sees drops of sweat on his forehead even though it is extremely cold. thus Keats blend his poem with the supernatural in the very beginning.The knight then replies to the poet's query and says that he had met a captivating lady in a garden.

  1. Two Kinds by Amy Tan and Under Pressure by Carl Honor are two texts ...

    The ridiculousness of the assignment is clearly expressed through the author?s voice. Quite on the contrary, Under Pressure uses a very formal, factual and strong voice that comes through to the audience. Under Pressure is a self-help book that is supposed to alert parents and educators and remind them of how children should be raised in the 21st century.

  2. Edgar Allen Poe:Poe frequently uses a premature burial motif and a theme of suffocation.

    My tenderness of heart was even so conspicuous as to make me the jest of my companions. I was especially fond of animals, and was indulged by my parents with a great variety of pets. With these I spent most of my time, and never was so happy as when feeding and caressing them.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work