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Notes on Clarice Lispector (1953 - 1977):

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Introduction

Clarice Lispector (1953 - 1977): Subject Matter: -fictional pieces revolve around existentialism/absurdism (ex. Family Ties (1960), The Passion According to G.H. (1964), The Apple in the Dark (1961), An Apprenticeship or the Book of Delights (1969)) -writes many fictional pieces revolving around the topics of human suffering/failure, the mortality of humans, individuals who are alone or come to realize that they are alone and are trapped in hostile situations, wanting to escaping hostile situations, and the fear felt when confronting the concept of nothingness. (ex. Family Ties, many of her existentialist/absurdist works) -pits the emotion of wanting to live against the knowledge that death is inevitable (ex. "The Chicken") -animals. Often depicts animals as beings that are able the most to feel emotions in the purest sense due to their primordial state of being. (ex. "The Buffalo", "The Chicken") -focuses a lot on females. Family Ties deals with how women are repressed by the social and familial ties around them. Other works with female main characters include: The Passion According to G.H., The Hour of the Star (1977), An Apprenticeship or the Book of Delights -The relationship poverty and power have within Brazil as well as class issues (ex. ...read more.

Middle

She goes through a personal journey and discovers love, hate, fear, and pleasure. - The Hour of the Star: Narrated by a writer who does not know what to write. The narrator (a man) tells the story of a 19 year old girl he saw but does not know personally. This girl lives in a slum and life just sucks for her but she does not realize that her life sucks. She later dies by getting hit by a car. The narrator is disturbed at how seemingly ignorant this girl is about her depressing situation and throughout the novel, he discusses urges to elevate this girl's life in some way/make it more important than it was but he understands that this girl's life was just another typical uninteresting life that had no importance whatsoever. - The Apple in the Dark: About a fugitive who hides out in a farm owned by 2 sisters. He has an affair with one sister and the other betrays him to the police. The deeper purpose of the novel is to tell the story of a man who relearns how the world around him works after his crime sends him into a ?golem-like? state (acts like a rock, doesn?t talk much, is like a servant to the sisters) ...read more.

Conclusion

way of free presses and lots of economic and social inequality o On large plantations known as Latifundium, a system where large numbers of poor worked for wealthy owners was in place o In addition, there was an unofficial model of government (the coronelismo system) in place in which power was held by a local official known as a coronel through the act of exchanging favours for loyalty (patronage) o Near the end of the period, a new educated middle class rose up to challenge these ideals · 1930-1954 o The stock market crash of 1929 was the event that brought the old system crashing down o After an election in 1930 widely regarded as rigged, Washington Luiz was elected o However, he was deposed in a coup by the military and replaced by the populist Getulio Vargas o Vargas oversaw the drafting of a new constitution which was more liberal leaning than the previous one o In 1937, with the country in fear of Nazism and Communism, a communist plot to assassinate politicians known as Plano Cohen was discovered, providing the pretext for Vargas to suspend civil liberties and shut down congress (effectively becoming a dictator) o Vargas was an unusual dictator, as he had support from both the masses and the military. ...read more.

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