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Notes on Greek Drama and its influence in Theatre in the Victorian Era in A Dolls House

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Introduction

Jenny Mauricio Jade Sobek Ryan Jin Kelly Mrs. Alexander English and Language Composition AP, Period 1 29 December 2011 Greek Drama and its influence in Theatre in the Victorian Era in A Doll's House Greek Theatre * Acting on stage * Athens * Dionysia Festival o Honored Greek god Dionysus o God of wine and ecstasy o Celebration * Thespis o Earliest recorded actor o Walked around Athens with a handcart filled with props to set up one man plays o Told stories through resemblance of characters * Masks o Made multiple role playing possible o Exaggerated expressions * Monologue and Soliloquy Victorian Era * Literature and theatre became popular * Stories focused on social world o Protagonist search for fulfillment of human condition PPT Social Nature of Greek Drama * "Humans are public creatures" * "Personal life based on secrecy" * In Greek culture, everyone was public o Theme in Greek theatre: Publicy, no barriers o Gossip, public occasions (festivals, feasts, religious worship) ...read more.

Middle

--> public * Carefree, less restricted * Everyone bound together by public occasions * Greek Drama seemed natural in open-auditorium since they were so open with their community * Can be bad if too much information was known (ex. Oedipus' incest) Roles of women o Women were not allowed to participate in Greek drama o In Victorian Era, women were demeaned Greek Tragedy Terminology * Tragic hero - great character destined to downfall * Harmartia - tragic flaw * Hubris- excessive pride * Catharsis - cleansing/purging of emotions * Anagnorisis - epiphany, discovery of true identity * Dramatic Irony - the audience knows something that the characters do not Greek Tragedy and Connection to A Doll's House * Greek tragedies were based on human suffering * Ibsen's plays were based on characters trying to live in a difficult or unfair society. These are often confronted with a deep crisis in their lives. ...read more.

Conclusion

220) o Nora is more open than Torvald (Torvald never exposes his emotions) o Reveals Nora's character Themes * Is it right to treat women as inferiors? o Topic of this play * The relationship between Nora and Helmer o Ibsen demonstrates unequal power o Provokes the audience to question the customs or ideas of the Victorian Period * Helmer nicknames his wife using animal terms o Implies she is a pet or possession o Similar to treating women as inferior * Naturalism o Reflected society * Roles of family, women, etc. * Crisis or struggle in economy * Ibsen acknowledges that in the 19th century, women were to stay at home, raise her children, and serve her husband * Ibsen bases his plays around individuals that are struggling in society o Nora's inheritance of her father's bad temper * Ideals to naturalism (natural to inherit certain characteristics) * Romanticism o Focused on royal or noble characters in heroic tragedies o Elaborated plots, unlikely happy endings o No serious purpose conveyed by these plays (served for entertainment) Influence of Greek Drama in Modern World ...read more.

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