• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17
  18. 18
    18
  19. 19
    19
  20. 20
    20
  21. 21
    21
  22. 22
    22
  23. 23
    23

Racism in African-American Poetry | Poetry Anthology Project

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

P O E T R Y A N T H O L O G Y ________________ ?Racism and Suffering in African American Poetry? ________________ Candidate Name: Thaer Al-Kilani Supervisor Name: Ellen Courtney Date of Submission: 10/10/2013 T A B L E O F C O N T E N T S Cover Page ????????????????????????????????????????????? 1 Table of Contents ?????????????????????????????????..?????? 2 Prologue ?..?????????????????????????????????????????..??? 3 Poem List ?.??????????????????????????????????..???????.?? 4 Commentaries ??????????????????????????????.???????????? 5 ?Africa? by Maya Angelou ????????????.?????????????????????..???? 6 Commentary ??????????????????????????.??????????????????? 7 ?Song for a Dark Girl? by Langston Hughes ?.??????????????????????????? 8 Commentary ???????????????????.????????????????????..????? 9 ?On Being Brought from Africa to America? by Phillis Wheatley ??????????????? 10 Commentary ?????...???????????????.??????????????????????? 11 ?Yet Do I Marvel? by Countee Cullen ????????????.??????????????????? 12 Commentary ????????????????????.?????????????????????.??? 13 ?Taint? by Grace Nichols????????????????????????????????..?????? 14 ?First Fire? by Camille T. Dungy??????????????????????????????????? 15 ?God Give to Men? by Arna Bontemps?????????????????????????????.?? 16 ?Ghetto Gospel? by Tupac Shakur, Elton John, and Bernie Taupin?????????????..?? 17-19 Epilogue ??..????????????????????????????????????..?????? 20 Bibliography ??..???????????????????????????????????????? 21 P R O L O G U E In the last few decades, the African-American community has been subject to matters of racism in all forms of social, political, and social discrimination. Throughout history, racism has been the driving force behind slave trade, racial discrimination, and apartheid. Such matters were highlighted in modern day poetry by renowned poets of African descent such as Maya Angelou, Grace Nichols, and Tupac Shakur. They sought after poetry as a mean of achieving social justice and evenhandedness. Such is why the poems I opted to choose take on themes such as struggle, despair, discrimination, and hope. P O E M L I S T ?Africa? by Maya Angelou ?Song for a Dark Girl? by Langston Hughes ?On Being Brought from Africa to America? by Phillis Wheatley ?Yet Do I Marvel? by Countee Cullen ?Taint? by Grace Nichols ?First Fire? by Camille T. Dungy ?God Give to Men? by Arna Bontemps SONG: ?Ghetto Gospel? by Tupac Shakur, Elton John, and Bernie Taupin ?C O M M E N T A R I ...read more.

Middle

This poem is centered around a prominent and disturbing racial injustice in modern history, which is lynching. "Song for a Dark Girl" is blatantly clear about something: in the context of this poem, the African American people are suffering, and Jesus is not doing anything about it . ?On Being Brought from Africa to America? by Phillis Wheatley ________________ 'Twas mercy brought me from my Pagan land, Taught my benighted soul to understand That there's a God, that there's a Saviour too: Once I redemption neither sought nor knew. Some view our sable race with scornful eye, "Their colour is a diabolic die." Remember, Christians, Negros, black as Cain, May be refin'd, and join th' angelic train. Commentary ________________ The ?On Being Brought from Africa to America? by Phillis Wheatley reveals the story of the poet who is a slave that was brought from Africa to America by what she describes as "mercy." And it's mercy that converts the speaker to Christianity, which she knew nothing about in Africa. The expressing of appreciation for her enslavement may be unanticipated by most readers. It can be said that the poem is quite religious in nature. The poem begins by the poet acclaiming that her slavery as valuable, since it has brought her to Christianity. Although people view the black race negatively, the poem reflects Wheatley?s belief that anyone, even "Negroes," can be rescued by joining Christianity. The poem is written in Iambic pentameter, and the vernacular can be explained due to the fact that the poem is written in the 1700s. The poet makes use of personification in her poem, ?mercy? ?Twas mercy brought me from my Pagan land?. This can be considered as an allusion to God?s merciful nature. In this poem, Wheatley shares in this poem the positive side of her experiences as a slave, by abandoning her Godless ways, and her condemnation of the people who deny religious equality to black people and see their nature as a curse by God. ...read more.

Conclusion

Guess who's giving birth to a baby I don't trip or let it fade me From out of the fryin pan We jump into another form of slavery Even now I get discouraged Wonder if they take it all back Will I still keep the courage I refuse to be a role model I set goals, take control, drink out my own bottles I make mistakes but learn from every one And when it's said and done I bet this brother be a better one If I upset you don't stress never forget That God isn't finished with me yet I feel his hand on my brain When I write rhymes I go blind and let the Lord do his thing But am I less holy Cause I chose to puff a blunt and drink a beer with my homies Before we find world peace We gotta find peace and end the war in the streets My ghetto gospel [Hook] [Outro] Lord can you hear me speak To pay the price of being hellbound Comment: Tupac was an influential artist of his time, and in Ghetto Gospel, he manages to address poverty and racial discrimination on the streets in the lyrics of this song. E P I L O G U E After engaging in the Poetry anthology project, I had the opportunity to broaden my scope on African-American poetry. Through analyzing the poems, I gained more insight into the difficulties which Africans and African Americans had to face throughout their history. The poets have chosen poetry as an approach to these difficulties, and each has expressed their attitude and emotions towards such matter in a different way. B I B L I O G R A P H Y * Nichols, Grace. "FROM I Is a Long-Memoried Woman (1983) - Taint." I Have Crossed an Ocean: Selected Poems. Tarset: Bloodaxe, 2010. N. pag. Print. * http://rapgenius.com/2pac-ghetto-gospel-lyrics * http://www.ohioswallow.com/extras/0821415166_intro.pdf * http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/poets/a_f/bontemps/additionalpoems.htm * http://www.poetryfoundation.org/poem/185777#poem * http://www.afropoets.net/mayaangelou21.html * http://www.mesacc.edu/~barmd97231/SongforaDarkGirl.html * http://www.poetryfoundation.org/poem/171320 * http://www.vcu.edu/engweb/webtexts/Wheatley/brought.html ________________ | Page ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. 100 plus maketing plan

    * Noncarbonated drinks are the fastest-growing part of the industry * There are increasing trend toward healthy drinks & foods * Focus on most important customer trend - "Convenience". * It is new product a to India market * Over 50 percent of the company's sales come from Frito-Lay; this

  2. Unseen Commentary on "The Loom" by R L Sasaki

    From the opening three, very short paragraphs we can easily establish the personalities of Jo and Linda. "Linda loyally and staunchly" is an effective alliteration which emphasizes the Linda's qualities. The soft sounding "L" is repeated which accentuates loyalty as a positive trait.

  1. In To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee, the subject of racism is very ...

    Mayella probably thought that it was an easy situation; she might have thought that because Tom was a black man, that he would be flattered at her attentions, and be all for it. There was no possible way a black man would reject her.

  2. n the poem Africa explore how Tagore conveys the changes which have occurred in ...

    There is a second reference to God by referencing the Hindu God Shiva (God of destruction) dancing to destruction. This links the British Raj to Africa through their shared rituals and suggests how they both suffered from Western imperialism. The phrase "dancing to the drumbeats of chaos" has been chosen

  1. Judith Wright Poetry

    that despite the fact, the protagonist can still get past the hurdles nature provides with him and strive towards his journey with hope and determination, which portrays a tenacious approach by the protagonist which again emphasises the meaning of the "legend".

  2. My Last Duchess. The Last Duchess is a dramatic monologue written by Robert ...

    The darkness of the situation begins to sink in: he is not even afraid of admitting his sin; it is almost as if he is proud of it. Also the fact that throughout the poem, the listener (the messenger), doesn't say a thing, gives the poem a sort of eerie feeling; it fabricates a great deal of visual, sinister imagery.

  1. Beloved by Toni Morrison is a vivid picture of the cruelty of slavery. ...

    The novel reminds us of the slaves' suffering, and invites the reader to contend with the past and the legacy of slavery. The effects of slavery continue to this day, and, like the characters of the book, we must learn to understand the past if we are to deal with its effects on the present.

  2. Comparison of Violence in The Catcher in the Rye with Their Eyes Were Watching ...

    Tea Cake goes through this change as well, though it was mainly due to his being bitten by a rabid dog which caused him to go insane. As a result, both Tea Cake and Janie were thrown into a conflict where they were forced to face their own mental hurricanes.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work