• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Romanticism expressed via John Keats', "Ode to a Nightingale"

Extracts from this document...


Kathlen Sanchez D.S World Humanities 102 Section A October 10, 2012 Although love may occasionally be the subject of the Romantic Era, Romanticism has very little to do with things commonly thought of as ?romantic.? Rather, it was an artistic and intellectual movement that originated in the late 18th century Western Europe. Romanticism flourished as a form of revolt, opposing the idea of the Age of Reason. Newton?s and the rationalist philosophers? idea that science and technology would solve man?s economic troubles, dominated this era. However, the Age of Enlightenment resulted in two major revolutions; first, the French Revolution (1789-1799), and secondly, the Industrial Revolution (1750-1850). During the French Revolution, new Enlightenment principles were adapted??Liberty, Equality, Fraternity?? and individual freedom was restricted. The Industrial Revolution, however, changed much of the world from agrarian communities into industrialized cities. Both, the French and Industrial Revolution caused artists and other creative individuals to form an anti-scientific movement, known as the Romanticism Era. Many romantics believed that, science and virtue were incompatible; an idea which was coined by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. ...read more.


Prior, the nightingale is referred to as ?Dryad? (7). In Greek Mythology, Dryads are female spirits of nature (nymphs) who are in charge of forests. The mythological creature reference establishes a mood that lies somewhere between reality and dreaming. Therefore, supporting the characteristics of nature, in which the poet successfully uses to escape reality. To furthermore support this thesis, in the second stanza the poet describes his desire to drink from the fountain to escape his problems through poetry. In stanza 7, the nightingale is the voice of nature. In Romanticism the cycle of Nature changes. It is suggested that the bird is ?immortal,? and it shares that characteristic with nature. The nightingale is immortal, as it is in harmony with its habits, unlike man, who were in competition with his. A second characteristic seen in literature works throughout the Romanticism Era was imagination. The Romantics tended to define and present the imagination as creating power. Imagination is the primary function of creating art. ...read more.


The nightingale represents who the individual wants to be. At this time, he wants peace and serenity in his life, however, because it is only imagination, he is led back to reality?the reality of having no freedom of self-expression. In the last stanza, the question ?Was it a vision, or a waking dream?? represents that the poet is waking up from a trance. In conclusion, Romanticism is the movement in history that flourished as a result of the Age of Reason. Artists and creative individuals were not happy with the principles of the Enlightenment and revolted against it. Romanticism was embodied in the visual arts, education, music, and in literature. In John Keats? ?Ode to a Nightingale,? three important romanticism characteristics were used in order to be significant towards romanticism?nature, imagination, and individualism. To represent nature, we see the poet relating to the happiness of the nightingale, and escaping reality for a second. Keats uses imagination, in order to lead the protagonist of the poem somewhere to escape reality as well. And finally, during the Romanticism Era, many were trying to find themselves in the middle of this new way of living. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. Analysis of When I Have Fears by John Keats

    At last two lines of the first quatrain, Keats emphasizes once again how fertile his imagination is and how much he has to express before his death; by using the imagery of the harvest. In the Shakespearean metaphor of "garners", "full-ripen'd grain," thoughts and writing are associated with the natural world, time, food and the seasons.

  2. Romanticism essay. Romanticism was a movement in the fine arts and literature that ...

    The poem Kubla Khan by Samuel Taylor Coleridge is a prime example of a Romantic text. It is the epitome of an imaginative journey, showing the potential for human beings to recreate an experience using their imagination. From the very beginning, Coleridge presents the conventions of Romanticism in the poem.

  1. Comparative Essay - Ode on a Grecian Urn, Ode to a Nightingale and To ...

    having known its limits, and the desire of looking forward to the moment of anticipation, which can then be perfected by the imagination, and lasting forever. However, the way from which he sees art changes when he comes to write the poem "Ode to a Nightingale", where art is once

  2. Sophocles' Ode to Man. This descriptive poem, Ode to Man reflects the usage ...

    others may not see because they are in the sky and sees what happens below them; same goes for the other animals being personified.

  1. Racism in African-American Poetry | Poetry Anthology Project

    stop and stare at the younger My heart goes to em They tested with stress that they under And nowadays things change Everyone's ashamed of the youth cause the truth look, strange And for me it's reversed We left em a world that's cursed And it hurts Cause any day

  2. Classicism and romanticism in Tom Stoppard's Arcadia

    No guts.?, and cumulates sex affairs, his gut feelings are strongly mistrusted by Hannah, who seems to go through an evolution from the classic to the romantic character, because she descends in the last scene into romanticism when she accepts and dances with Gus.

  1. Tricksters, an Escape From Reality

    After hearing trickster tales, many people laugh at the silly antics; this laughter can enlighten a person?s mood and lift one's spirit. A trickster's humorous situations and silly actions can liberate and heal listeners through laughter. In the novel 1984, by George Orwell, the main character, Winston Smith, is forced

  2. The poem ode on a Grecian urn by John Keats was written in 1819

    The poet might portray this theme of innocence because he wants to show that this urn is beautiful and still fresh and pure. It also shows that it is never changing.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work