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The Criticism of Roman Catholicism in "Chronicle of a Death Foretold".

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Introduction

Period 1A September 28, 2012 Criticism of Roman Catholicism in the Chronicle of a Death Foretold Throughout the course of life, people immerse themselves in faiths that set a lifestyle. Such a religion is present in the Chronicle of a Death Foretold by Gabriel García Márquez in the form of Roman Catholicism. This chronicle is an account of the series of events that lead up to the murder of Santiago Nasar. Marquez successfully interweaves negative Catholic elements with the plot of the novel. He extensively criticizes Roman Catholicism by exposing the pious believers’ hypocrisy within the religion, their lack of adherence to core religious values, and the critical Catholic figures’ incompetency. Marquez highlights the people of the community as hypocrites due to their uncommitted lifestyles. Instead of condemning the Vicario brothers for their murder of Santiago Nasar, the priest “recall[s] the surrender as an act of dignity” after the twin had been captured by the police (49). Vicario brothers-followers-act against the Church when they murder Nasar although the Ten Commandments state that ‘thou shalt not kill.’ Ironically, Catholic values are used to rationalize the crime that was committed against the words of key Catholic code of action. A true believer should leave all judgments and punishments to the divine adjudication of God. ...read more.

Middle

Although the people had anticipated the bishop?s visit, he does not even take a step on the town soil, instead he simply flashes the cross sign from his boat as if showing that God is blessing them. Furthermore, by not coming down to an equal level with the worshippers, but rather staying on an elevated platform, the bishop emphasizes his patronizing attitude. The bishop creates a physical distance that further deepens the barrier between the Church and the people. Such an attitude affects the level of devotion people have on endorsing the divine doctrines in a negative manner. Moreover, Marquez describes the whole town as a jolly town full of alcohol, whorehouses, and gambling as it is stated that after the main events of the wedding between Bayardo San Roman and Angela Vicario, ?Santiago Nasar and I, with my brother Luis Enrique and Cristo Bedoya, went to Maria Alejandrina Cervantes's house of mercies. Among so many others, the Vicario brothers were there and they were drinking with us and singing with Santiago Nasar...? (45). The true meaning of religion has been depleted as people lack the morale to comply with the principles in the Bible. The ten commandments of Catholics prohibit all three actions aforementioned as it alludes, ?thou shalt not covet.? It can be seen that people have lost their integrity and faith in religion as they are chasing immediate physical pleasure than a spiritual purity. ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore, it is the church’s incompetency that led to the failure of Angela’s marriage and the death of Santiago Nasar. In another instance, the irresponsibility of Father Amador is highlighted as Plácida Linero describes him as “the son of the worst kind of mother” after he had performed the disastrous autopsy (107). People could not identify Nasar’s form after Father Amador has failed and butchered him up while attempting to perform the medical process. He should instead have waited for the doctor to arrive. Nasar could have been allowed to peacefully sleep in his eternal rest, but the priest destroys it. The incompetency of the Church causes negative impact to Nasar’s community. If only the Catholic figures had lived up to the common standard outlined in the Bible, such tragedies would not have occurred to the community as a whole and to Nasar. In Chronicle of a Death Foretold, Marquez indeed condemns Roman Catholicism by noting the hypocrisy, absence, and incompetency of the Church in Nasar’s town. He successfully portrays the Church as a corrupted organization that inherently cripples the ability of the townspeople to perform their tasks in conventional manners. It is now clear that readers must question the plausibility and credibility of belief systems, such as Roman Catholicism, before delving into it. (Word Count: 1344) IB English Literature Y1 ...read more.

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