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The God of Small Things is Arundhati Roy's first novel, winner of the Booker Prize in 1997. It is a poetic love story that takes place in the communist state of Kerala, India and told through the eyes of "two egg twins," Esthappen and Rahel.

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The God of Small Things is Arundhati Roy's first novel, winner of the Booker Prize in 1997. It is a poetic love story that takes place in the communist state of Kerala, India and told through the eyes of "two egg twins," Esthappen and Rahel. Their recently divorced mother, Ammu, takes her children home to the village of Ayemenem in Kerala where she is not welcomed warmly by her family. Estha and Rahel learn fast that "things can change in a day" and that "anything can happen to anyone." The novel tells the story of the Kochamma family, a wealthy Christian family in a small village in the southern Indian state of Kerala. Based from the point of view of Rahel Kochamma, who has returned to her hometown to see her twin brother, it puts forward the story of the dramatic events of Rahel's childhood that drastically changed the lives of everyone in the family. The God of Small Things portrays themes that ranges from religion to biology. Roy stresses throughout the novel that great and small themes are interconnected, and that historical events and unrelated details have consequences throughout a community and country. The novel is therefore able to show varies themes, and many of ideas relating to the personal and family history of the members of the Kochamma family as well as the concerns of the Kerala region of India. ...read more.


It shows the beginning of the differences that separate them. He first seems to experience that he is different from her because he is a boy. Hence, because of this he experiences a brief separation from her. The passage foreshadows the use of this color to show other events that eventually leads to true emotional separation that Estha and Rahel go through later on in their lives. According to<http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Oracle/6366/color.html> Red candles symbolize energy, strength, sexual potency or to conquer fear. Red Auras symbolize anger, resentment, lust, and exploding temper. Roy uses red to foreshadow the bad things that were going to take place later in the story. "They had to rush up the red steps with the old red carpet. Red staircase with red spit stains in the red corner" (p.97) Roy uses the colour red again to show that this event emotionally scars Estha and creates an eventual separation from Rahel and the world due to the incident with the Orange drink, Lemon drink Man. Red is also a symbol of evil and hell, hence Roy is trying to portray that this incident for Estha was as though he was living in hell after he realized the cruelty of what had happened. Another colour that Roy uses to symbolize feelings is yellow. ...read more.


This scene is also a foreshadowing of the events that take place later in the novel such as Velutha's brutal death and her death. Ammu breaks the "love laws" by being disloyal and by having a love affaire with an untouchable. Velutha breaks the "Love Laws" by moving out of his place in the society. Estha and Rahel are twins, when Estha leaves Ayemenem with Ammu and then Chacko there is connection and a part of them that is lost. Hence, when the twins meet again when they're 31, they find comfort in each other and Rahel longed to find her identity and connection with Estha hence, they have sex. Here, the "love law" is broken since Estha and Rahel are brother and sister. In this case, Estha and Rahel didn't suffer the consequences of death but instead they destroyed their relationship. Rahel was powerless because she longed to find her identity. Through this novel Roy portrays that the Indian society as people who always seems to devastate real love. Hence, she combines love with death and sadness. All romantic love in the novel relates closely to politics and history. Roy shows a comparison between desire, history, caste, and social circumstances. And hence, she shows that the Indian society's mind set is that love can only be pure and divine only depending on the cultural backgrounds and political identities. ...read more.

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