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The passage is an excerpt from The blindfold horse: memories of a Persian childhood by Shusha Guppy. It talks mainly about the first memory of the author where she saw a horse which was blindfolded and was being pushed to go round and round around a

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Life is a race. and we are all mere contenders; always trying to come first, always trying to run faster, never thinking that all we are doing is running round and round in circles, repeating every movement of ours, every jolt in our muscles. We never stop to think or look around that maybe there is more to life, maybe we don't have to push ourselves like this and maybe we can break the vicious cycle and see that life is more than a race, especially in today's greedy world, a race to earn money. But, few of us understand this and even if we do, we still keep ourselves 'blindfolded' and continue, ignoring the real essence of life, the essence for which we should race - happiness, friendship, love. This is the message that the world needs to hear. The one that we need to pass on to everyone so that our lives don't lack the substance they presently do. Shusha guppy in the passage has tried to pass on this message and has done so in a very metaphorical way. The passage is an excerpt from 'the blindfold horse: memories of a Persian childhood' by shusha guppy. ...read more.


This not only brought attention to the color, but consequently to the curtain and the actions happening behind it. Shusha has also used the word 'steely' to describe the sky. 'steely' not only describes the color of the sky , again adding to the dullness of the setting, but it also tells the reader that the sky must have looked very rigid and stern like steel is , unbending and firm. Moreover, the phrase 'cloudless steely sky' is a metaphor she has used to compare the sky and steel. Another place where comparison has been used to grab the reader's attention is when she has written ' like a single spot of color on a fawn canvas'. Thus, the description in the first paragraph helps the reader to build the setting in his mind and also sets the mood of the passage - slow, dark and dreary. We realize the passage is in first person narrative only in the second stanza where the author has used 'my' and 'I' for the first time. In this stanza she has not given up on any of her previously used literary techniques. Infact, she has added on to the list by using olfactory imagery, 'pungent, spicy smell'. ...read more.


she does what he does - work for some amount of money which for sure buys her food, shelter and clothes but definitely doesn't buy her love, comfort and contentment. Looking at The structure of the passage one can say that it is basically divided in five stanzas with each one fulfilling its purpose of first creating the picture for the reader, then introducing the horse and what he is doing, then introducing the mother, then explaining the reason behind the horse's monotonous actions and lastly, showing the comprehension in the author's mind of the underlined meaning of the horse's actions. But apart from these stanzas, there are three indented lines mentioned after the third, fourth and fifth stanza respectively. The indentation of these lines and the fact that they are mentioned separately tell us that the author has done so to build the effect of the passage and to make the reader read them again and understand the hidden meaning behind them. Therefore, the author, shusha guppy, has by the help of various literary devices created a passage in which she has tried to convey the message that life isn't all about running behind money because money will come and go, what will stay is friendship, love and all such impractical yet practical things. ...read more.

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