The play Death and the Maiden by Ariel Dorfman has many similarities with the first movement of Franz Schuberts quartet Death and the Maiden due the various aspects of the movement that reflect the tone of the play

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Introduction

English 11 Ms. Holden Death and the Maiden The play Death and the Maiden by Ariel Dorfman has many similarities with the first movement of Franz Schubert's quartet Death and the Maiden due the various aspects of the movement that reflect the tone of the play, the relationship between Paulina and Gerardo, as well as the theme of justice versus vengeance. The most significant aspects of the movement that can be related to the Death and the Maiden are the dynamics of the piece along with the light versus dark tone, which are in direct correspondence to the tone of the play. It also emphasizes the theme of justice versus vengeance because it stresses the reader's constant struggle to decide whether Paulina's actions are driven by justice or vengeance. It is significant that the first movement is written in cadence, because it essentially replicates the interactions between Paulina and Gerardo. All of the musical elements in the movement correspond to the key characters and ultimately give the ready a more fully rounded perception of their roles in the play in relation to on another as well as their role in developing the theme.

Middle

Was she pretty at least? Sexy?". The reader quickly establishes that Paulina is a woman that takes pride in her power, while she attempts to cover up her vulnerability and weakness. When the movement slowly transitions back into a soft and lighthearted tone, Paulina succumbs to Gerardo's sincerity and love. She finally gives in when she says, "Yes. Yes. Yes", while, "fiercely holding on to him". The rapidly changing speed, dynamics and instruments provide a thorough perspective on Paulina and Gerardo's unstable relationship. Whether or not Paulina puts Roberto on trial because she wants to bring the crime he has committed to justice, or for her personal satisfaction continues to linger on as the movement transitions from a graceful to a more violent and rapid melody. However, because the movement is written in a minor key, Paulina's acts of violence are emphasized more vividly due to the overall aggressive sentiment of the movement. This makes it clear that although Paulina attempts to justify her actions, she ultimately seeks justice, which is fueled by vengeance. Paulina's first acts of revenge are directly correlated to the threatening melody and tone of the movement when she "takes off her panties" and "stuffs it into Roberto's mouth".

Conclusion

The transitions between the delicate and the threatening tone of the violin, replicate the contrasting interactions between Gerardo and Paulina. The harmonious melody stresses their love and content while the explosive melodies of the violin accentuates their frequent altercations. Although the quartet clearly transitions between a light and violent tone, the movement is ultimately trumped by the overwhelming and powerful volume and intensity of the climax of the violin, as well as the overall morose mood created by the d minor key. Due to this overall dark tone, it is clear that vengeance plays a more prominent role in Roberto's trial. Paulina longs for the satisfaction gained from using the power she possesses to inflict the same pain on Roberto that he once inflicted on her. Dorfmann stresses her gratification from seeking vengeance by allowing her to once again live her life freely because she is "able to listen to [her] Schubert again." Schubert's quartet furthers the reader's understanding of the characters and themes in the play Death and the Maiden because the music extenuates the inconsistency as well as the instability of Paulina and Gerardo's relationship, and it facilitates the understanding that Paulina's longing for vengeance surmounts all the willingness to seek justice. ?? ?? ?? ??

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