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The presentation of the departure of women from their households in A Doll(TM)s House and Like Water for Chocolate

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World Literature Essay Standard Level (English A1) The presentation of the departure of women from their households in A Doll's House and Like Water for Chocolate In both texts, A Doll's House and Like Water for Chocolate, the authors present women's departure from their family and community. Both Ibsen and Esquivel use women leaving the households to develop the characters of Nora and Gertrudis. The authors use various techniques and styles in order to present and question the effects of the departure on both characters and the narrative as a whole. Although in today's society such an action may be more common, during the time of these texts, such an act would be considered abnormal and atrocious. It is important to understand why each character left, how they leave and the consequences of the departure on society and other characters. Each character departs in a different manner which affects the development of the characters and the plot of the novel. In Like Water for Chocolate we come across Gertrudis who leaves in a mysterious way, and does not discuss the situation with anyone. Gertrudis wants to leave her domestic realms in order to become a soldier and take over the role of a man in Mexican society. ...read more.


Furthermore, the long fluent monologues of Nora suggest that she is dominant within the relationship and will not listen to everything Torvald has to say to her. Due to the characters leaving in each text, other characters within the story are affected. The departure of Gertrudis from the household impacts characters in contrasting ways. Primarily, we observe that Mama Elena 'burned Gertrudis' birth certificate'7 and 'didn't want to hear her name mentioned ever again.'8 Mama Elena exemplifies the extent to which she does not want to have anything to do with Gertrudis, through the use of the word 'ever.' The lexical choice made by the author suggests that Mama Elena is disappointed in the actions carried out by Gertrudis and further conveys the shock that Mama Elena has received. However, we observe that Tita is upset by the departure of Gertrudis. Esquivel uses long sentences to convey that Gertrudis was still in Tita's mind. On the contrary, in A Doll's House the effects on Torvald can be observed in three stages which convey the transitional feelings that he experiences. Initially, Torvald is presented as being angry through the use short sentences: You've killed my happiness. You've destroyed my world. I'm trapped, in his claws. ...read more.


What obligations? Nora: To myself.15 After expressing her views and breaking the gender boundaries the readers can perceive that Nora is definite about her departure and by her lexical choice, it would be implied that she has no intention of returning and is reinforced through the stringent conversation at the end of the play: Helmer: If you needed help - Nora: I'll take nothing from a stranger.16 Nora expresses her opinion by interrupting Torvald which further exemplifies her decision to leave will not change. The use of the word, 'nothing' signifies the extent to which she feels it is imperative to be away from Torvald and by calling him a 'stranger' which suggests that Nora would like to begin believing that she does not know Torvald. The departure of women seems to have a large impact on both texts. Although during most of the texts the effect of the women's departures and the way in which they are described are different, Ibsen and Esquivel both similarly use symbolism to convey a change of roles for each character within the stories. Ibsen and Esquivel have differing opinions on the impact of the departure on characters and the stories themselves. This can be justified because of time and location when each plot was written. Such a distinct detail, of women's departure proves to be of extreme importance in the stories and the development of characters. ...read more.

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