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To What Extent Does The Character Of The Father Serve As A Mouthpiece For The Author In Luigi Pirandello's Six Characters In Search Of An Author?

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Introduction

To What Extent Does The Character Of The Father Serve As A Mouthpiece For The Author In Luigi Pirandello's Six Characters In Search Of An Author? In Luigi Pirandello's play Six Characters In Search Of An Author the character of the Father can be interpreted in a number of different ways. It would appear to any analyst that his role is not purely a dramatic one, insofar as we see him continually stepping outside his dramatic purpose as a 'character' within the play to philosophise and deliver didactic monologues to the actors and the audience about the nature of theatre itself. But to what extent can the character of the Father be seen to serve purely as a mouthpiece for Pirandello? In this essay, I will answer this question by examining the dramatic purpose of the Father within the play, and also by comparing the content of his monologues to with that of the opinions expressed by Pirandello elsewhere in his works. Thus, I shall also be using the preface to Six Characters In Search Of An Author, written originally by Pirandello in 1925 to examine these similarities. ...read more.

Middle

a life which it was not in my power any more to deny them,'5From this we can see how the views and thoughts of the Father and Pirandello are entwined, as the Father's beliefs are echoing those of his author. Another idea that both Pirandello explores through the Father in great detail is the idea of the mutability of reality; the temporary nature of man and the immutability of a character. Thus we see how the Father argues to the baffled Director that he and the other five characters are far more real than the Director and the actors can ever be. 'The entire reality of today, as it is now - is fated to seem an illusion tomorrow.'6Pirandello, in order to emphasise the incomprehensibility of this idea even includes the stage direction for the Director, 'not fully comprehending, but dazzled by the specious argument.'7Once again, Pirandello can be seen to be speaking through the character of Father here, he describes the nature of characters, and indeed the nature of drama as an art, as 'a form which does not delimit or destroy its own life and which life does not consume.'8The nature of characters themselves mean that each time they appear they are 'suddenly born thus forever! ...read more.

Conclusion

But to what extent does the Father serve as a mouthpiece for the author, Pirandello? The answer is not an easy one. It is true that the Father serves his very own dramatic purpose, indeed, he would not have been created was this not so. Pirandello is quick to silence critics who say that the only purpose of the Father within the play is to act as a mouthpiece Pirandello's thoughts, 'he is a character in search of an author and nothing more.'13But can this be said to be strictly true? Much evidence has been shown that the Father at times forgoes dramatic development in order to engage in probing conversations with the Director about the true nature of drama and the meaning and relevance of the actors' so-called 'reality'. I believe that the similarities these arguments of the Father hold with the preface of Pirandello are much more than simple coincidence, it reflects his use as a spokesman and as a mouthpiece rather than a dramatic character. Therefore, the character of the Father is indeed a mouthpiece for Pirandello to exploit, but the degree to which this occurs is not as great as may first be thought. ...read more.

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