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Victims of Circumstances? Antigone , in the play Antigone by Sophocles and Nora in a Dolls House by Henrik Ibsen.

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Introduction

World Literature Victims of Circumstances? Antigone , in the play Antigone by Sophocles and Nora in a Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen. Name:Ayush Rungta Vishwashanti Gurukul IBDP session: 2009 Candidate Session Number: 002767-031 Candidate Code: csv758 Word Count: 1451 Victims of Circumstances? Antigone , in the play Antigone by Sophocles and Nora in a Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen. "It had been a woman's task throughout history to believe in life when there was almost no hope"-Margaret Mead. In both plays, Nora and Antigone are the perfect examples of this quote. Though a timeline exists between them, both of them go against hope for respect and /or self empowerment. They were victims of circumstances that led to them becoming what they eventually became. Sophocles was a Greek lecturer. His first plays were Euripidies and then Aeschylus. Sophocles was the most awarded play right in dramatic competitions which took place during religious festivals. He competed in approximately 30 dramatic competitions. In Greek mythology the name of two different women is Antigone. In Antigone Creon proposes that we should choose our 'philio' as a principal on the basis of the prevalent society. In this Creon followed the canon of the law and confines 'philia'. In frequent wars, it was everybody's responsibility to defend one's polis. The regulation of law and civilized life pledges one's freedom in the society. Greed and profits motivated Creon which extended into his being a tyrant. ...read more.

Middle

The play A Doll's House was written by Henrik Ibsen's in 19th century.. Though this play has a very simple and ordinary outlook, it is often referred to as a problem play as it deals with problems pertaining to many social and contemporary issues. It is clearly evident that Henrik Ibsen doesn't use the normal sophisticated kind of English used by the other authors; instead he prefers using the normal, simple language just to add a suggestion of realism to his plays and to make it look more realistic in nature. The society is such that males are generally considered overpowering and dominating over the females all the time. Nora and Torvald are the main characters in the play The protagonist of the play is Nora Helmer. Her husband Torvald Helmer is a lawyer by profession but instead he is working as a manager at a bank where he earns a substantial amount of money. The scene opens in the household of Torvald and Nora Helmer and all the action takes place in just one particular room. The scene starts off on a Christmas Eve when Nora comes home with loads of parcels. She brings along a porter who is carrying the Christmas tree which is later taken by Helene, the maid and tells her to hide the tree from her children. Just about when the porter is about to leave Nora gives him a crown, whereas she owed him only 50 ores. ...read more.

Conclusion

She is left in turmoil and is totally confused about what to do next. She then tells Mrs.Linde to pacify Krogstad about the letter of shame committed by Nora that he was going to place in the mailbox. In the end one day after returning from a ball when Torvald opens the letter and discovers the crime committed by Nora he angrily calls her a liar, a hypocrite and a law breaker. His anger reaches such great heights that he decides that he would no longer share a close relationship with Nora implying that she will also be a hindrance to the proper upbringing of their children. This leads to the final tragedy in their relationship. From the above instances, it is evident that since many years it was basically a pretentious and superficial marriage where neither of them loved each other. The same also goes for Mrs.Linde and her husband. She decided to walk away when she found someone else who could provide for her and her family. Nora Helmer is a sufferer as she has to leave behind her husband and more importantly her children. But then her fury rages and she bursts out and tells Torvald that he wasn't the man she thought she did marry and eventually leaves the house. As Socrates has said "the unexamined life is not worth living" clearly signifies the relationship between Torvald and Nora.. Therefore, she walks out of her marriage leaving behind her children and starting a new unknown chapter in her life. Hence she was really a victim of circumstances. ...read more.

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