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Welsh poet Dylan Thomas appears to have written the poem Do not go gentle into that good night, to lament the death of his father. In the poem, Thomas represents how the way people live effects their reaction when they face death with a serious and

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"DO NOT GO GENTLE INTO THAT GOOD NIGHT" by Dylan Thomas Welsh poet Dylan Thomas appears to have written the poem "Do not go gentle into that good night", to lament the death of his father. In the poem, Thomas represents how the way people live effects their reaction when they face death with a serious and defiant tone, rousing his father to continue being the fierce man he had previously been. Dylan Thomas' father used to be a robust man, who had formerly been in the army. Thomas watched his father grow feeble in his eighties, becoming blind and physically weak. Thus, the persona delineates his father as an astute, vigorous man and conveys the message that no matter how people feel at the end of their life, they should die fighting. Form, diction and literary devices enhance the intensity of the poem. The poet has used the form villanelle to put the emphasis on the refrains. A villanelle consists of five tercets and a concluding quatrain and has only two rhyme sounds. ...read more.


The poet has used metaphor, metonymy and personification in the second line. "Close of the day" is a metaphor and through it, the poet establishes a connection with the "good night" of the precedent line. "Old age should burn and rave" is a combination of metonymy and personification. By using this figure, Thomas wants the elders to adhere to their lives as passionately as anyone would although the concept of burning is often associated with youth. In addition to that, the words "burn" and "rave" move the reader to the third line of the stanza. The next four stanzas delineate four different types of elder man and appraise their attitude towards the concept. The poet has the purpose to try to persuade the father to fight death by offering evidence of how wise, good, wild and grave men battles with it. The first type of men Thomas mentions are the wise. Thomas starts the first line with the conjunction "though", to indicate that wisdom does not prepare men to accept the reality of death. ...read more.


Good men, just like the wise ones, exclaim that they have not reached their goals in the life. Although they are old, they still want to carry on their struggle, so they do not give up easily, they rail against the oncoming of death. The alliteration of "deeds" and "danced", rhyming of "bright" and "might", or "by", "crying" and "dying" unites the stanza and emphasizes the meaning and the message conveyed. The third example portrays a very different kind of men then in the first two examples. In both of the first two lines of the tercet, hyperboles and metaphors are used to highlight the meaning. The image of the wild men is far more joyous and powerful. These men lead a fulfilled life without self-realization but at the end they also find out that they also grieved it. Dylan Thomas himself cultivates an image as a wild Celtic Bard; this stanza is therefore ironically prophetic about his own death. In the fifth stanza, the word "grave" carries two meanings: solemnness and death. Through a paradox, Thomas explains that these are the men of understanding; even though they are blind they are able to see more clearly then those with sight. The oxymoron "blinding sight" emphasizes the relationship between sight and understanding. ...read more.

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