• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is the role of fate in the tragic plays "Oedipus" by Sophocles and "Miss Julie" by Strindberg?

Extracts from this document...


What is the role of fate in the tragic plays Oedipus by Sophocles and miss Julie by Strindberg Fate has been used by august Strindberg in his play Miss Julie and Sophocles in his play Oedipus in many different aspects that lead to one final result, both of them ending up in misery. The plays are written on the lines of Aristotelian tragedy, and besides the tragic flaws of the protagonists, fate too acted as a malignant force leading the characters through an ordeal. However the way in which their fate was carried out was completely different as the fate of Miss Julie was self inflicted and the fate in Oedipus was the will of the gods. In this essay I will analyze the way fate has been used by the authors. First I will look at Miss Julie. In the play the author Strindberg gave the main female protagonist Miss Julie hysteria where during his time this was used to describe women who had sexual desires but didn?t believe that they did. We can see this in the play where she was sexually attracted to Jean and begins to flirt with him. ...read more.


But fate made that shepherd its instrument, and it so happened that the shepherd instead of killing the baby took him to the royal palace of his home town and handed then baby to King Polybos and Queen Merope. However in the end we see that Oedipus does fulfil the prophecy which shows that even though he tried to escape his fate the oracle was true from the start. From this we can see how Sophocles used his (Oedipus) destiny to develop the story and that he couldn?t run away from the will of the gods. The entire play is woven by irony. "O god-all come true, all burst to light! O light-now let me look my last on you! I stand revealed at last-cursed in my birth, cursed in marriage, cursed in the lives I cut down with these hands!" Now we compare the fate in both the plays and how the authors have been successful in using it. As Miss Julie has hysteria she subconsciously wanted to get sexually closer to jean and consciously never accepted it which then caused her to reach the climax, which was the point where they had sex. ...read more.


In conclusion we can see how both authors August Strindberg and Sophocles had used fate to develop the plot and made it as a major theme of their plays, because in both the plays we see that each character is destined to end up in misery. Oedipus blinds himself with the pins while Miss Julie commits suicide. The fate is responsible for the transformation of their going metaphorically blind with the development of the plot. It was also fate that developed hamartia in the character of Oedipus. He openly rebukes people who were subordinated to him, behaving in an irresponsible way with his subjects. Fate makes his sufferings so intense that he becomes a subject of our pity. As it behoves the Greek tragic vision, the character of Oedipus is swayed by the malignant role of fate and hubris. And it was also fate that made a noble woman like Miss Julie fall into the ruts of a degenerate woman-it is the tragedy of a woman who dared to challenge the fate by attempting to overcome the cultural, environmental and gender forces of her time. * ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. Issue of Fate Vs. Free Will In Oedipus the King

    fate, so that pre-destiny will always be the end result in spite of choices that someone has made. At one point, Oedipus finally believes that the prophecy is a farce and life is "based on chance," as said by Jocasta when the Corinthian shepherd tells Jocasta and Oedipus that Polybus, king of Corinth and Oedipus supposed father, is dead.

  2. Ms Julie is considered a Naturalistic play. What characterizes it as one?

    decision would have made a difference in the plot had the decisions been different. This proves the point that "...naturalism shows life as it is - only worse". 2. Human beings have no free will, or very little of it, because heredity and environment are so powerful in determining the course of human action.

  1. Free essay

    Sheikh Darwish's Role as the Prophet of Change in Mahfouz's Midaq Alley

    One of these moments when Sheikh Darwish "stirs" (9) to life is when there is a conflict between the poet and Kirsha over change in tastes of the cafe patrons. He utters "The poet has gone and the radio has come. This is the way of God in his creation.

  2. In Cold-Hearted, David Wong Louie reveals an ironic plot in highlighting a troubled relationship ...

    222). This is also another example of emotional abuse. Genius neglects his son, and shows more affection towards a refrigerator. Culture is another role that plays an important fact in this story.

  1. ommentary On An Extract From Miss Julie by August Strindberg

    See that? Yellow seal! Give me a glass, now. A wine glass, I'm drinking this pur.1 The fact that he wanted wine rather than beer showed that he wanted to try and be like the high society by imitating them.

  2. Discuss the use of character foils in highlighting aspects of female protagonists in Sophocles ...

    Ibsen solidifies this idea of feminism by affirming that Hedda is not willing to conceive, meanwhile securing the inference of her thin and infertile hair. By establishing that Hedda's hair is "medium brown" and "not particularly ample", he indicates that she has misgivings about her feminine duties.

  1. Reflections on "Miss Julie" in a cultural context

    Each student is asked to provide a reflection on each of the interactive orals. The reflective statement on the same work as the student?s final assignment is submitted for assessment. The reflective statement must be based on the following question.

  2. Beowulf and the Concept of Preternatural Fate

    Thus, the Christian perceptive of free will does not overcome the pagan understanding of fate, but enhances the understanding of the contradictory predestination concept. Finally, as Beowulf forebodes his imminent death in the last third of the poem, the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work