• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

World Lit Crime and Punishment

Extracts from this document...


"[D]ealing with a monster, a man without morals," An analysis of morality in The Stranger, and Chronicle of a Death Foretold In The Stranger and Chronicle of a Death Foretold, emphasis on the symbolic nature of the protagonists serves to accentuate the fundamental theme of morality as both Camus, and Garcia Marquez explore "[M]an's precarious place in a mass society whose workings he does not control nor even understand..." (Feuerlicht 2). The court in which the trial takes place functions as a social institution's tool to impose rational order on an otherwise irrational world. It is clear throughout the course of the proceedings, that Meursault is no longer tried for his real crime of killing another man, but rather for his moral character regarding subjective matters. As the trial progresses, the prosecutor exploits "Maman's" death to condemn Meursault. The insensitivity portrayed to the jury concerning his actions during the day of and following the burial of "Maman", while true; are unrelated to the crime, however, it is these actions that eventually condemn him: "Gentlemen of the jury, the day after his mother's death...[he] was out swimming, starting up a dubious liaison, and going to the movies...I have nothing further to say" (Camus 94). ...read more.


The efforts of the witnesses for the defense are futile in the sense that they, similar to Meursault, can give little reasoning to his conduct. They can only attribute his actions to bad luck and chance, both of which provide no concrete facts to aid him as, "The prosecutor retorted that chance already had a lot of misdeeds on its conscience in this case" (Camus 95).To make matters worse, the defense witnesses are revealed as bad in moral fiber. Raymond, Meursault's "pal", was questioned on, "[h]ow he made his living, and when Raymond replied "warehouse guard,"...the prosecutor informed the jury that [Raymond] practiced the profession of a procurer," therefore effectively preventing the defense from offering any redeeming testimonies on Meursault's behalf. As Meursault is unfairly tried, the jury is ignorant of the unfairness present in its proceedings. Fixated on the prosecutor's allegation that Meursault is on trial for his emotional inaptness, they forget the crime of the murder of an Arab of which he was initially put on trial. "Normally, this would be far from viable in a court of law, but here it makes sense to the crowd" (Feuerlicht 5). ...read more.


The inevitability of Nasar's murder becomes the most overwhelming aspect of the narrator's investigation. Numerous forces, some explicable, some inexplicable, seem to be at work in ensuring Santiago's demise. The cult of machismo, seen in the rowdy drinking, the prevalence of weapons, the unruly and volatile conduct, even the repressed anger of women who are victimized by the culture in which they live, all combine to ensure the murder of Santiago based on his moral character as opposed to the actual crime in which 27 years later, it still remains a mystery if he was the "perpetrator" or not. In the end, "[O]ne man is dead, and hundreds have murdered him." And indeed, everyone who knew of the twins' intentions and did nothing to stop them therefore shares responsibility for the crime. While it is never known if Santiago was truly guilty or innocent of his crime, both he and Meursault can be viewed as sacrificial victims, who are unwillingly and unknowingly sacrificed to preserve and uphold the morals of the societal mass governed by morals. Camus and Garcia Marquez, through their use of the symbolic nature of the main characters, reveals that morals are but empty ideals of which humanity relies upon to impose order and rationality on an otherwise irrational universe. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World by Gabriel Garcia Marquez and The Drowned ...

    However in "The Drowned Giant" by Ballard, Ballard described the narrator making visits after his first visit. On the second visit the crowd was "considerably smaller", as they gradually lost interest and did not care about any change, instead preferring their usual boring lives.

  2. Isolation was a huge theme throughout The Stranger; reasons why Meursault was isolated were ...

    I think of warm and loving feelings, but not in this case. Meursault didn't even remember the day his mother passed away! "Maman died today. Or yesterday maybe, I don't know. I got a telegram from the home: "Mother deceased.

  1. The Paradox of the settings: St. Petersburg & the Siberian Prison in Crime & ...

    When he says "Yes, the room made a big contribution, I've thought of that too" (222), he is well aware of the corrupting influence that his room inflicts, but realizes that it is too late to escape. It is through this intertwinement of settings that Dostoyevsky is able to reveal

  2. For this task, my main objective was to look at the world through the ...

    'You should have come to say hi,' she said calmly, 'when he told me you were asking about me, I was really excited to see you. It has been so long.' 'Well, I wasn't really asking for you,' I said, 'he just told me he was going out with you, and I said I knew you.

  1. WOrld Lit Essay- A man for all seansons and The crucible

    The play also has an outcome which is also in a form of a waste , the main male protagonist "john proctor" is hanged with many other innocent people and hence the play comes to an end giving no result and lost hopes , the judiciary gives a decision which

  2. World Lit I, Firdaus vs. Laye, Influence of Society

    order to show their belongingness to the ones going through the process. This love and warmth helps to bring down Laye's anxiety. "It was almost as if the noise and activity and dancing and merry-making were contrived to make us forget the approaching ordeal."(Laye, 112)

  1. World Literature 1 - Clouds of Discontent in Crime and Punishment(TM) and Siddhartha(TM)

    love of his friend Govinda, would not always make him happy, give him peace, satisfy and suffice him. ...To whom else should one offer sacrifice, to whom else should one pay honor, but to Him, Atman, the Only One?"6 Herman Hesse's diction reflects Siddhartha's spiritual discontent and his desire to seek Atman.

  2. Analyse the Philosophic Justification of Raskolnikov's Actions in "Crime and Punishment".

    Firstly, leaving the pain and moral element aside, the argument to kill the landlady to maximize the total pleasure can be dubious as there is an understandable ambiguity in defining what pleasure is and how it is to be measured.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work