• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

World literature - the outsider

Extracts from this document...


WORLD LITERATURE ESSAY ONE, draft 2 - 2009 HIGHER LEVEL STUDENT NAME: Aman Alam STUDENT CANDIDATE NUMBER: TEXT/S: Antigone, The Outsider TOPIC: In these texts (Antigone and The Outsider) the authors (Anouilh and Camus) have created a comparison of the natural and artificial landscapes to express the freedom and control of the characters WORD COUNT: 1,458 SUPERVISOR: Mrs Townend In the texts Antigone by Jean Anouilh and The Outsider by Albert Camus, the authors compare the natural and artificial landscapes to express freedom and control of characters. In both texts, features of light, earth and water are used to symbolise the characters freedom, whereas the control of characters is displayed through the artificial surroundings such as the prison and streetlamps in The Outsider or the guns and dungeons in Antigone. Camus also contrasts streetlamps with the natural features of light, to express the control that artificial landscapes have over society and Anouilh takes a similar approach in Antigone by contrasting guns to life and death, to convey how manmade objects power over nature. Natural features are utilised to symbolise freedom and hope. Antigone includes nature symbolising hope, where the protagonist, Antigone, believes she was "the first person today to believe in the light" (Anouilh, 6), portraying how she was the first to believe in the new day. ...read more.


In Antigone, Creon expresses his contempt towards the assumed 'child' that disobeyed orders by burying Polynice's body; the "white faced brat ready to spit down the barrels of my guns. My hands stained with young fresh blood!"( Anouilh , 24)The manmade mechanism are the "barrel of [his] guns" (Anouilh 24), which are used to end the "white faced brat's life" ( Anouilh 24), expressing the control it has over life and death, exposing Creon's obsession with control also shown with his control over Polynice's burial. The obsession with control to positions the reader to view how, with the development of manmade mechanisms that hold power, society has begun to attempt to control natural occurrences such as life and death, freedom and restriction. Similarly in The Outsider is Meursault's observation of the streetlamps changing the night's darkness into light. He notices "the streetlights suddenly came on and just then they made the first few stars that were appearing in the night sky look quite pale"( Camus,27), where during the day the "streets gradually became deserted" (Camus,26). These lights overpower the stars, which are natural features. The lighting of the streets are created during night, however during the day when there is naturally light "streets gradually became deserted" (Camus. ...read more.


The caves are the natural element, a natural form of shelter, the place that gives her freedom as it is where her death happens and is also outside the city. The city gates express the control of Antigone whereas her death and the caves are features of nature that grant her freedom. Anouilh includes this to show how nature grants freedom yet manmade mechanisms bear power which society uses for control. This immediate contrast between nature and artificial mechanisms, opens the reader to the authors opinion on manmade mechanisms creating an obsession for control whereas nature is where the freedom is. Camus and Anouilh have created a comparison between the natural and artificial landscapes in Antigone and The Outsider. Natural features such as light and water are symbolic of hope in both texts, however street lights and guns are used to represent the control natural occurrences. Camus's use of a prison and Anouilh's use of dungeons and city gates are directly contrasted with the natural elements that symbolise freedom. This contrast expresses the views of Camus and Anouilh on the way society has controlled natural ways through artificial landscapes used for control. ?? ?? ?? ?? Aman Alam HL english Ms Townend World Literature ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. Free essay

    How is morality used to promote justice in Antigone and The Visit?

    The central theme found in both plays is justice. Morality, the underlying factor to promote justice, takes different aspects depending on the situations, time period and the circumstances. In 'Antigone', the characters quarrel about whether or not Polynices should be buried according to divine or the state law.

  2. An Examination of the diametric display of pride in Sophocless Antigone

    His remorse at the end of the play reinforces the notion that his hubris was something that went awry because he allowed it to. Hubris can also be confirmed by Creon's overall excessive reaction, due to which he makes a fatal mistake (hamartia).

  1. The Paradox of the settings: St. Petersburg & the Siberian Prison in Crime & ...

    This newfound love injects Raskolnikov's life with fresh meaning and also releases him from the bond of destructive nihilism. The powerful value of love with its infinite possibilities seems to be Raskolnikov's path to redemption as he is able to come to terms with his fellow prisoners, Sonia, and himself.

  2. English Wlit: Antigone and Visit

    Thus the attempts at gender reversal in this play help to move the plot forward. Both the plays follow the Climactic Structure. The exposition leads up to the moment when Antigone tells Ismene that she had already buried Polynices body.

  1. English World Literature Essay, First draft- Dr. Zhivago

    Yuri?s love for Lara is what the novel revolves around, which is fuelled by passion and romanticism. Individualism can be defined as following the heart and behaving irrationally as opposed to acting rationally. Yuri's love for Lara is an act of the heart and is a contradiction to the general relation structure of this transitioning period of Russia.

  2. How adopting a philosophical standpoint can alter one's interpretation of the text "The Outsider" ...

    To position readers to accept his philosophical stance, Camus employs generic conventions such as structure, language, tone, characterization and point of view. Camus directly confronts social constructs such as love, justice, and religion, and suggests that rather than taking a ?leap of faith,? or committing suicide, one should simply accept

  1. The Stranger, Albert Camuss first novel, is a brilliantly crafted story and a portrayal ...

    Unknowingly his actions and thoughts set him further apart from society, alienating him, indifferent and even more of a stranger. The further away he was from society the more absurd it was. Camus uses stream of consciousness to provide a narrative in the form of the character?s thoughts instead of using dialogue or description through Meursault.

  2. World Literature Essay- Jean Paul Sartre's representation of Hell

    Bible: ??thou shalt be brought down to Hell?.[6] Sartre thereby inverts one of the most essential beliefs about Hell to establish the difference between his concept of Hell and that of traditional Christian beliefs. Sartre reverses the placement of Hell to suggest that his concept of Hell is psychological instead of physical.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work