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World literature - the outsider

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Introduction

WORLD LITERATURE ESSAY ONE, draft 2 - 2009 HIGHER LEVEL STUDENT NAME: Aman Alam STUDENT CANDIDATE NUMBER: TEXT/S: Antigone, The Outsider TOPIC: In these texts (Antigone and The Outsider) the authors (Anouilh and Camus) have created a comparison of the natural and artificial landscapes to express the freedom and control of the characters WORD COUNT: 1,458 SUPERVISOR: Mrs Townend In the texts Antigone by Jean Anouilh and The Outsider by Albert Camus, the authors compare the natural and artificial landscapes to express freedom and control of characters. In both texts, features of light, earth and water are used to symbolise the characters freedom, whereas the control of characters is displayed through the artificial surroundings such as the prison and streetlamps in The Outsider or the guns and dungeons in Antigone. Camus also contrasts streetlamps with the natural features of light, to express the control that artificial landscapes have over society and Anouilh takes a similar approach in Antigone by contrasting guns to life and death, to convey how manmade objects power over nature. Natural features are utilised to symbolise freedom and hope. Antigone includes nature symbolising hope, where the protagonist, Antigone, believes she was "the first person today to believe in the light" (Anouilh, 6), portraying how she was the first to believe in the new day. ...read more.

Middle

In Antigone, Creon expresses his contempt towards the assumed 'child' that disobeyed orders by burying Polynice's body; the "white faced brat ready to spit down the barrels of my guns. My hands stained with young fresh blood!"( Anouilh , 24)The manmade mechanism are the "barrel of [his] guns" (Anouilh 24), which are used to end the "white faced brat's life" ( Anouilh 24), expressing the control it has over life and death, exposing Creon's obsession with control also shown with his control over Polynice's burial. The obsession with control to positions the reader to view how, with the development of manmade mechanisms that hold power, society has begun to attempt to control natural occurrences such as life and death, freedom and restriction. Similarly in The Outsider is Meursault's observation of the streetlamps changing the night's darkness into light. He notices "the streetlights suddenly came on and just then they made the first few stars that were appearing in the night sky look quite pale"( Camus,27), where during the day the "streets gradually became deserted" (Camus,26). These lights overpower the stars, which are natural features. The lighting of the streets are created during night, however during the day when there is naturally light "streets gradually became deserted" (Camus. ...read more.

Conclusion

The caves are the natural element, a natural form of shelter, the place that gives her freedom as it is where her death happens and is also outside the city. The city gates express the control of Antigone whereas her death and the caves are features of nature that grant her freedom. Anouilh includes this to show how nature grants freedom yet manmade mechanisms bear power which society uses for control. This immediate contrast between nature and artificial mechanisms, opens the reader to the authors opinion on manmade mechanisms creating an obsession for control whereas nature is where the freedom is. Camus and Anouilh have created a comparison between the natural and artificial landscapes in Antigone and The Outsider. Natural features such as light and water are symbolic of hope in both texts, however street lights and guns are used to represent the control natural occurrences. Camus's use of a prison and Anouilh's use of dungeons and city gates are directly contrasted with the natural elements that symbolise freedom. This contrast expresses the views of Camus and Anouilh on the way society has controlled natural ways through artificial landscapes used for control. ?? ?? ?? ?? Aman Alam HL english Ms Townend World Literature ...read more.

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