• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Environmental Assessment. This article will discuss the techniques of EIA and how they are used in assessing the impact of the environment on humans.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Name: University: Course: Tutor: Date: Environmental Impact Assessment Introduction After coming up with findings and solutions on the impact of human activities on the environment, researchers and environmentalists have embarked on studies to determine the impact of the environment on humans. This move has mainly been instigated by the natural disasters that have continued to rock better parts of the world today . But there has been a need to use a systematic approach of assessing the environmental impact on humans. The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is considered as one of the best methods doing this. EIA was introduced as a means to accomplish the assessment in the USA in the early 1970s (Anderson 2000). Since then the application of EIA has spread throughout the world and the methodology has been embraced and modeled to various purposes connected to decision making at different levels in businesses and society. EIA has been applied to projects and plans of various scales. This article will discuss the techniques of EIA and how they are used in assessing the impact of the environment on humans. Scope and objectives of EIA Before discussing on the techniques and the methodologies applied in EIA, it will be proper first to analyze and familiarize oneself with the scope and the objectives of this Environmental program. ...read more.

Middle

The objective of the scoping stage is to identify the important items to be included in the EIS, as most consideration is given to those environmental issues that may be significantly affected. When assessing on the impact of natural disasters, the assessors first of all begin by determining the impact to be investigated and carry out the magnitude of the impact and the scope of the affected people in that area of study (Abbasi & Arya 2000). Colombo (1992) lists the aims of scoping as: first, to identify concerns and issues requiring consideration. Here, the main concern concerns are listed first and the order of their necessity follows in that order. Secondly, to aid an efficient EIS preparation process that will be followed by the project team managers and authorities concerned. Third, is to enable those responsible for EIA to properly brief the study team on the alternatives and impacts to be considered at different depths of analysis. This is the most crucial ones as it enables al team member to work under a common goal and also helps to avoid massive external impacts. Fourth, is to provide an opportunity for public involvement where the public will be invited to share their views and ideas that may assist successful completion of the project. ...read more.

Conclusion

Anhava (1994) purported that the legislation most likely demands for environmental reporting when treating permits to activities with large environmental impact. For other types of activities the demand for follow up of the EIA usually is less pronounced. Anhava (1994) argued that monitoring is significant in the process of assessing impacts for it provides assessors with feedback that the measures they have put in place are working or not. From their reports in this monitoring technique, they will now be able to draw up final conclusions of the whole process. Conclusion The Environment Impact Assessment is one of the key methods used by assessors to determine the impact of disasters and events on environmental issues. Having been developed in the late 1970s it is (since then) been the widely used method by environmentalists and assessors due to its effective techniques. The techniques have been endorsed by many researchers and environmentalists all over the world due to their applicability and efficient results. For maximum utilization of the techniques, one has to first understand the scope of EIA and how to apply the techniques and on what context to apply them. This is because EIA has many contexts on which to be used and those wishing to apply it should firs consider seeking proper guidance. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Architecture, Building and Planning section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Architecture, Building and Planning essays

  1. What effect did Shakespeare have on the Oxford English Dictionary and the English language?

    to realise that the OED was designed to be as broad as possible, they were able to publish these words as English due to Shakespeare using them in publication, he ?was the first to employ a great many of these words.?[2] Another conclusion made about the history of the OED

  2. Like A Virgin Our Performing Arts Project We are going to produce an ...

    We also managed to sell some advisement space in our programs to local businesses including dance, vintage fashion and vinyl shops, a taxi rank and local garage this generated a revenue of five hundred pounds. We have designed the programs ourselves and printing costs will be one hundred pounds to

  1. Origins of World War II

    David Glantz, the author of the book called ?Stumbling Colossus? claims that ?Soviet was poorly trained and organized to launch a preemptive attack against the Nazi Germany.?[2] However, Professor Thornton holds a different opinion saying that both Germans and Soviets were waiting on who is going to strike first, and

  2. Notes on Indigenious knowledge and art.

    A million of these carvings can be found in the Pilbara region. They document spiritual and everyday lives of the indigenous people 4. Artworks include carvings of individuals, animals, designs depicting creatures that have been extinct for about 3000 years Papuya Tulla 1. Artist corporative formed in 1972 2.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work