• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Multiple Nuclei Theory

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Multiple Nuclei Theory This theory was first proposed in 1945 by Harris and Ullman. They constructed this model to demonstrate that not all cities fit into the concentric and sector model. They claimed that although these patterns may exist, reality is far more complex than those two theories imply. They argued that land use patterns do not grow from a single central point in the city but from multiple points or nuclei. ...read more.

Middle

The character of land use distribution around growth poles is determined by: - the unique factors of the site - the history of individual city In the past, some cities have engulfed surrounding settlements or have evolved strong suburban areas around the periphery of the city. This situation causes the 'suburbs' to function as small independent business districts, with their own shops and businesses away from the main urban centre. ...read more.

Conclusion

These nuclei are likely to grow as the main CBD has done, creating one large urban area as they all merge together. The emergence of new nuclei is attributed to: - Specialized requirements of particular activities - agglomeration economies :the tendency for some activities to group together to increase profits by cohesion (economies of scale) - agglomeration diseconomies : high competitiveness - differences in land values :the effect of city rent rate structure on attracting or repelling certain activities High income groups occupy the most desirable locations while low income residents are clustered in contaminated environments. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Planning section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Planning essays

  1. Examine both of the urban land use models for Hoyt and Burgess, and then ...

    The commuting costs are the highest. Prior to mass diffusion of the automobile (1930s), most of these settlements were located next to rail stations. In these areas often, large department stores could also be found. According to this model, a large city is divided in concentric zones with a tendency of each inner zone to expand in the other zone.

  2. Modernising planning processes - A Consultation Paper

    its approach to listed buildings, conservation areas, hazardous substances, trees and advertisements. 4.101 Following the Report of the Northern Ireland Affairs Committee, the Planning Service placed dedicated enforcement teams in each Division. Since then on occasions these teams have been reduced in order to assist in processing planning applications.

  1. Investigation into Proposals for the Superstructure of a Building

    At the point where the water enters the sprinkler system there is a valve. This can be used to shut off the system for maintenance. For safety reasons, this should be kept locked open, and only authorised persons should be able to close it.

  2. Test the hypothesis 'Burnage does fit the Burgess Concentric Ring Model of Urban Land-Use. ...

    Its main land use was industry and farming as it was built during the Industrial Revolution. Also it is a zone of low cost/high density housing which is more formally known as `terraced housing'. In the 20th century factories have now closed down, declined or cleared and have left brownfield sites.

  1. Contrast and compare the urban land use in the London Docklands.

    Housing in Beckton Beckton has a mixture of housing with different types of tenure. The first low cost private housing schemes began in 1981 at Savage Gardens. As well as private schemes there is housing owned by local authorities and housing associations for rent.

  2. Applying the Theory of Constraints to Management Problems

    if Student B is slow on the drafting and brainstorming process of the systems chain, student C, who relies on B's ideas and data processing, will be severely disadvantaged and unable to write satisfactory Conclusions for the assignment. Therefore, the process cannot continue until B has been completed. 2.

  1. planning theory

    The procedural debates due to their vastness in nature does not only apply to planning theory, it stems into other academia such as the 'field of decision making theories.' (Yiftachel 1991). Within the procedural debate, there are several decision-making theories, which play a significant role in theorising planning from this perspective.

  2. Hypothesis - "Environmental Quality and Housing Quality Increase with distance away from the C.B.D."

    Thus his model has distinct sectors. There is industry along transport routes, with low class housing near the industry. The land use is arranged in wedges or sectors, which radiate from the town or city centre (C.B.D). We can assume that once a particular type of land use establishes itself in an area it attracts similar activities (e.g.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work