• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Multiple Nuclei Theory

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Multiple Nuclei Theory This theory was first proposed in 1945 by Harris and Ullman. They constructed this model to demonstrate that not all cities fit into the concentric and sector model. They claimed that although these patterns may exist, reality is far more complex than those two theories imply. They argued that land use patterns do not grow from a single central point in the city but from multiple points or nuclei. ...read more.

Middle

The character of land use distribution around growth poles is determined by: - the unique factors of the site - the history of individual city In the past, some cities have engulfed surrounding settlements or have evolved strong suburban areas around the periphery of the city. This situation causes the 'suburbs' to function as small independent business districts, with their own shops and businesses away from the main urban centre. ...read more.

Conclusion

These nuclei are likely to grow as the main CBD has done, creating one large urban area as they all merge together. The emergence of new nuclei is attributed to: - Specialized requirements of particular activities - agglomeration economies :the tendency for some activities to group together to increase profits by cohesion (economies of scale) - agglomeration diseconomies : high competitiveness - differences in land values :the effect of city rent rate structure on attracting or repelling certain activities High income groups occupy the most desirable locations while low income residents are clustered in contaminated environments. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Planning section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Planning essays

  1. planning theory

    This dominated planning until the 1960s (Yiftachel 1991). The validity of this approach was weakened throughout the 1970s when wide ranging effects that planning decisions have on the wider community was recognised and accountability to the general public was increasing (Yiftachel 1991).

  2. Investigation into Proposals for the Superstructure of a Building

    If a sprinkler opens and water flows through the valve it lets water into a secondary pipe which activates an alarm bell. Types of sprinkler system: The most common types of sprinkler systems currently in use are: Wet system: the whole system is full of water permanently to its design

  1. Modernising planning processes - A Consultation Paper

    Article 31 Performance Targets 4.83 The recent establishment of dedicated teams at Planning Service Headquarters to deal solely with Article 31 applications should help to ensure more focused processing of major applications. However, the nature and scale of the proposals means that a high proportion will fall within the scope of Environmental, Land Use and Traffic Impact Assessment procedures.

  2. Planning theory.

    It was suggested by Keeble (1952), that planning was only concerned with our physical environment and did not include economic, social or political planning. But it is Taylor who suggests otherwise as I quote "People generally wish to control the form of their environment to maintain or enhance their well being or welfare" (Urban planning theory since 1945)

  1. Test the hypothesis 'Burnage does fit the Burgess Concentric Ring Model of Urban Land-Use. ...

    There are lots of open fields. The main type of activity for this period is farming. A road visible is Burnage Lane, to the east of Burnage Lane are the beginnings of a Railway line being constructed. This is the London and Manchester Railway line.

  2. Contrast and compare the urban land use in the London Docklands.

    The Conservatives envisaged a 'trickle-down' approach. By improving physical and economic conditions, they intended improvements to 'trickle-down' to social conditions. The LDDC had extensive powers to purchase and sell land compulsorily, as well as 'vesting' (transfer of land from the local authorities). By 1990 it was receiving £300m each year from land sales and central government.

  1. "What if any are the major urban policy differences between the main American parties ...

    and racial groups, and highly fluid and mobile populations".3 Monkkonen points out in "America Becomes Urban" that R. Hofstadter emphasised that the United States was the "first post-feudal nation, the first nation in the world to be formed and to grow from its earliest under the influence of Protestantism, nationalism,

  2. Examine both of the urban land use models for Hoyt and Burgess, and then ...

    The commuting costs are the highest. Prior to mass diffusion of the automobile (1930s), most of these settlements were located next to rail stations. In these areas often, large department stores could also be found. According to this model, a large city is divided in concentric zones with a tendency of each inner zone to expand in the other zone.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work