• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Multiple Nuclei Theory

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Multiple Nuclei Theory This theory was first proposed in 1945 by Harris and Ullman. They constructed this model to demonstrate that not all cities fit into the concentric and sector model. They claimed that although these patterns may exist, reality is far more complex than those two theories imply. They argued that land use patterns do not grow from a single central point in the city but from multiple points or nuclei. ...read more.

Middle

The character of land use distribution around growth poles is determined by: - the unique factors of the site - the history of individual city In the past, some cities have engulfed surrounding settlements or have evolved strong suburban areas around the periphery of the city. This situation causes the 'suburbs' to function as small independent business districts, with their own shops and businesses away from the main urban centre. ...read more.

Conclusion

These nuclei are likely to grow as the main CBD has done, creating one large urban area as they all merge together. The emergence of new nuclei is attributed to: - Specialized requirements of particular activities - agglomeration economies :the tendency for some activities to group together to increase profits by cohesion (economies of scale) - agglomeration diseconomies : high competitiveness - differences in land values :the effect of city rent rate structure on attracting or repelling certain activities High income groups occupy the most desirable locations while low income residents are clustered in contaminated environments. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Planning section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Planning essays

  1. Examine both of the urban land use models for Hoyt and Burgess, and then ...

    The commuting costs are the highest. Prior to mass diffusion of the automobile (1930s), most of these settlements were located next to rail stations. In these areas often, large department stores could also be found. According to this model, a large city is divided in concentric zones with a tendency of each inner zone to expand in the other zone.

  2. planning theory

    This dominated planning until the 1960s (Yiftachel 1991). The validity of this approach was weakened throughout the 1970s when wide ranging effects that planning decisions have on the wider community was recognised and accountability to the general public was increasing (Yiftachel 1991).

  1. Investigation into Proposals for the Superstructure of a Building

    At the point where the water enters the sprinkler system there is a valve. This can be used to shut off the system for maintenance. For safety reasons, this should be kept locked open, and only authorised persons should be able to close it.

  2. Modernising planning processes - A Consultation Paper

    4.50 In order to improve the efficiency of consultation, the Planning Service will continue a comprehensive review of procedures jointly with key consultees. This will include consideration of the role of Information Technology in speeding up processes. 4.51 A project with the Roads Service has been completed and a joint action plan agreed for implementation during 2001/2002.

  1. Planning theory.

    It was suggested by Keeble (1952), that planning was only concerned with our physical environment and did not include economic, social or political planning. But it is Taylor who suggests otherwise as I quote "People generally wish to control the form of their environment to maintain or enhance their well being or welfare" (Urban planning theory since 1945)

  2. Why are there more and more Hong Kong residents taking up residential flats in ...

    6 With cheaper land, the properties, of course, are much cheaper than Hong Kong. Still, non-price competitions are involved. In order to attract more buyers from Hong Kong, everyday in Mongkok (one of the busiest places in Hong Kong) many people can get advertisements promoting various residential flats in Guangdong province.

  1. Applying the Theory of Constraints to Management Problems

    This deals with the negative consequences of proposed ideas (or injections) from the evaporating cloud and gives us a much clearer overall picture of the system and the cause and effect of decisions. This provides us with a more holistic view, a key function of the Theory of Constraints.

  2. Contrast and compare the urban land use in the London Docklands.

    The LDDC, the largest of 14 urban development corporations around Britain had three main tasks: 1 to reduce the physical decay in the Docklands and improve the environment by restoring derelict land and buildings, cleaning up the docks and creating areas of open space.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work