• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Antonio Machado's vision of Spain as shown in Campos de Castilla.

Extracts from this document...


Antonio Machado's vision of Spain as shown in Campos de Castilla Composed between 1912 and 1917 Antonio Machado's Campos de Castilla describes the beautiful landscape of the Castile lands and through them Spain's political and social state during these years. Tunon de Lara aptly puts 'la obra de un autor pertenece...al periodo en que fue escrito'; there is no exception in Machado's poetry which is set firmly in his reality. As one of the primary poets of the generation of '98, Machado writes examining aspects of Spain. He describes a Spain 'ayer dominadora' yet now in depression, looking at the effects of this depression on the people. Machado also discusses the future, trying to find an identity for Spain, her lands and subjects. From the beginning of Campos de Castilla Machado's intention is to describe his vision of Spain. He achieves this by using three protagonists in his poetry and showing how they react against and with each other. These are the landscape or setting of his poem, the people he writes of, and time, which is shown by the seasons. Machado's primary subject is the landscape of his country. Whether this landscape is 'agrios campos' or 'tierra fria', it is shown in relation to the people that live on it and how it changes through the year and over the years. ...read more.


This topic relates directly to events in Spain at the end of the 19th century, where a series of horrific murders in the countryside, in one case of a father by his sons, shocked the Spanish media and society. Machado may seem extreme in his judgement of peasant avarice yet these poems are a statement of human life. Robin Warner discusses this theme of deviance and vice, talking of the 'degenerate national obsession with deviance'. Whilst Machado's aim may be to highlight the fact that deviance is naturally part of society, he also shows how in times of political and social extremes, this deviance takes on a different and more important role, a substitute for order. Machado gives examples of tolerated deviance in his poems such as gambling, directly linking his work to events in Spain and the unsuccessful proposal in 1912 to introduce the controlled legalisation of gambling. 'El manana efimero' continues the theme of deviance with a series of negative images relating to the present moral decline; a Spain 'inferior que ora y bosteza'; 'un borracho ahito de vino malo'; 'Esa Espana...vieja y tahur'. The pessimism expressed referring to the present state of Spain and the lands of Castile presents not only the social and economic factors as problems, but also the human attitude. ...read more.


By taking himself as a poet out of his poetry he shows that there is no individual, only a people and a common cause. Machado said 'mis romances miran a lo elemental humano, al campo de castilla y al libro primero de moises, llamado genesis'. Using as his protagonists the most basic elements on the earth; people, our setting, and the passage of time, Machado indeed looks at 'lo elemental humano'. As a philosopher as well as poet, Machado also presents the fight between good and evil, this primary fight played out in the prelapsarian garden of Eden. With the repeated images of Cain and the shadows that follow humans Machado examines the essence of human nature and the effects of suffering and trauma on humans. However, although Machado does all this and his poetry could be seen as a philosophical statement, the Spanish poet writes primarily about his country and his people. He describes suffering, faithlessness, and vice but also hope for a different future. His portrayal of the landscapes and countryside of Spain show a love and knowledge of that country, yet too he criticises her loss of glory, her haughtiness and decadence. Machado presents these contrasting images of a country in a time of social and political change in Campos de Castilla, involving the reader in his vision of humans, and of Spain. Katherine Smith 24th October 2003 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Social Psychology essays

  1. An eight-page paper discussing the cause of aggressiveness in humans - nature or nurture

    (Hauck, 1974). Anger Generating Fantasies The more we think or talk about something, the more it becomes an obsession. The more we think about a particular incident that we don't like or a person who has wronged us, the angrier we get.

  2. This house believes that, without exception, euthanasia

    No one has the right to play God. The decision actively to kill a human being is always an arbitrary act, even when it is meant as an expression of solidarity and compassion. The Roman Catholic Church is totally against euthanasia.

  1. Assess media violence in the world's media.

    That is why censorship will not work either and parents must ultimately become involved. Sometimes parents make poor judgements. For example, some allow their children to see movies that are totally inappropriate. McClean says; "When we let our children accompany us to the cinema to view adult rated movies with

  2. Explain the importance of team building, the stages in the development of team cohesion ...

    These are innovative, curious and enthusiastic people and through an extroverted, positive demeanour, they make other team members receptive to their ideas. At the beginning of a project they provide enthusiasm to the team towards the task and constantly pursue new opportunities.

  1. Literature Review - How exactly do couples that have arranged marriages get to meet ...

    (1996, March 11). The Hindu, p. NO PG CIT. Retrieved October 2, 2010, from ProQuest Newsstand. (Document ID: 57627902). Ancient texts describing the ceremonies and rituals connected with Vivaha speak of a bride as being given away (kanyadaan) by her father or her guardian in the family.

  2. Psychology of Criminal Conduct

    offence severity, circumstances, offender's possible active/passive role in the offence, prior criminal history and any mitigating factors, such as prior victimisation. 2. Protection of the Community - a desire to incapacitate the offender and punish him/her to deter others. Blameworthiness factors are also considered here together with offender attributes that

  1. Assess the usefulness of functionalism in explaining the causes and the extent of deviance ...

    Additionally, the account of social life produced by observation is the result of a highly selective method of data collection. Like Martyn Hammersley (1992) points out that an ethnographer could have produced many different, non-contradictory and true descriptions of the same setting.


    passed through my mind. I was going through a phase of cognitive dissonance (Williams, 1999). On the one hand my mind was telling me "Come on you can make it", but I was feeling irritated and uneasy. I was giving up, feeling my hopes were diminishing.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work