• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Causes of Aggressive behaviour. The causes of aggressive behavior can be divided into person-centered determinants, which are related to the characteristics of aggressor and situation-centered determinants which are related to the situation and how it ca

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

CAUSES OF AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR PERSON-CENTERED & SITUATION-CENTERED DETERMINANTS OF AGGRESSSIVE BEHAVIOR METU NCC AYSE SINEM BOS SECTION: 14 FINAL DRAFT CAUSES OF AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR It is almost impossible to spend a day without witnessing to some instances of aggressive behaviors in our daily life. Most people would agree that aggression is common in contemporary societies. For some, aggression can be experienced directly and intensely. For others, it can be experienced in a less harmful form, such as verbal insult or hostile rejection. Recent researches show an evidence for the surprising frequency of aggression among people. For example, according to Straus, Gelles and Steinmetz (1980; cited in Baron & Richardson, 1994), one of the three couple in The United State encounters the physical violence in their marriage. Moreover, sixty percent of children in United States die because of the parental abuse. As it can be seen from these dramatic statistics, aggression seems to be real and important part of the human life. In order to examine this significant issue, it is necessary to define what the aggression is. However, since it is a broad and comprehensive term, there are some major problems concerning the definition of aggression. Baron and Richardson (1994) ...read more.

Middle

For instance, they believe that they are more likely to win a fight or an argument. Since people with high self-esteem see themselves superior, they are more sensitive to threats to their superiority. When another person contradicts this view, they may react aggressively (Baumeister, Bushman & Campell, 2000). Although many research which provide little support this idea, further research is necessary to find out the direct evidence. The last person-centered determinant that brings about aggression is alcohol. Alcohol is seen as a person-centered factor because different levels of consumption cause individual differences in people's aggressive behavior. It is widely believed that some people become more aggressive when they consume alcohol. This idea is supported by the fact that violence is seen in bars and nightclubs frequently. This reveals a possible link between alcohol and aggression. There are many researches confirming the existence of such a link. Bushman and Cooper (1990) conducted 30 experiments and discovered that participants who consumed substantial amount of alcohol behaved more aggressively and respond to provocations strongly than those who did not consume alcohol. Although the reason why alcohol consumption increases aggression is not addressed, one possibility is that alcohol reduces the individuals' ability to process the information (Bushman, 1993, 1997; Bushman & Cooper, 1990; cited in Aronson, Wilson & Akert, 2007). ...read more.

Conclusion

The key factor in the association between aggression and social disadvantage is the extent to which a socially disadvantaged group has a sense of "relative deprivation" (Crisp & Turner, 2007). Relative deprivation can be related to the feeling that the chance of improving one's condition is very difficult. Therefore, since the improvement cannot be achieved legitimately, this deprived group or person can show aggression. There are some supports that relative deprivation is valid for some recent events in Europe. For instance, violence against Turkish immigrants increased in the eastern part of Germany, where unemployment level is still very high (Hogg & Vaughan, 2005). Based on this, it can be said that social disadvantage may contribute to occurrence of aggression. All in all, there are some people who are considered to be highly aggressive while others rarely show aggression signs even in the most insufferable circumstances. Although situational factors make some contributions to determine whether or not an individual display aggression in a certain situations, there are also individual differences in how aggressive people are in general. Aggression is commonplace in modern societies and it is an important issue that should be solved immediately. Wanting is not enough to stop it. In order to reduce the aggression in society, we should find out underlying reasons of aggression and violence. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Social Psychology essays

  1. An eight-page paper discussing the cause of aggressiveness in humans - nature or nurture

    (Derlega and Janda, 1981) The Newspapers too seem to thrive on violence and use it as their selling point. The amount of hype and exaggeration involved is unbelievable. The whole paper perpetually carries news only of war, death and crimes. One would imagine that there was no progress or constructive development or technological and scientific discovery or inventions taking place on earth.

  2. This house believes that, without exception, euthanasia

    often this right may in fact be violated, every individual has the right to die with dignity. Euthanasia presents an ethical problem for patients who know that their condition is incurable or irremediable and their suffering unendurable only if their theology or philosophy has persuaded them that no human involvement in the termination of life is morally permissible.

  1. Psychological Perspectives of Aggression and Violence: A comparison of psychodynamic and behaviouris

    The behaviourist approach has produced several key theories from which their stance on aggressive behaviour can be applied. One of these key theories is the concept of reinforcement and can be applied to this area in the theory of instrumental aggression.

  2. Assess media violence in the world's media.

    control in monitoring children's viewing and the dangers posed by certain programmes and films to young people." (Lusted, 1991) In 1990 at the time of the murder of James Bulger, the concern of 'video nasties' was revoked due to it being related to the violent film 'Child's Play 3' which the two offenders had previously watched and supposedly mimicked.

  1. Environmental and biological factors play a role in the manifestation of aggressive behaviour. Discuss ...

    The hypothalamus, apart from its homeostatic control functions, can be associated with behavioural characteristics. These characteristics are usually related to the primitive survival and reproductive instincts of our early human ancestors.2 The initial principle of the model signifies that when the neural systems present in our brains are activated, then

  2. The person centred approach

    The impact it has had on many professions shows that it has bring forth many significant points, as it has influenced the way many professionals work with other individuals.

  1. Personality Correlates (Aggression and Impulsivity) and their Predictive Ability to Self-Report Delinquency

    This leads us into the theoretical need for understanding personality correlates and delinquency. There seems to be continued debate as to the predictive ability of thus far identified personality factors that may be related to delinquency (Binder, 1988; Eysenck & Gudjonsson, 1989; Farrington, 1992).

  2. With reference to psychological literature, explain the underlying processes regarding the effects of media ...

    The social learning theory is associated with both the short and long term effects of media violence on aggressive behavior and is supported by Huesmann and Taylor, (2006), who postulated that media violence has both short-term and long-term effects which include observational learning and mimicry among others.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work