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Coconuts (Coco Nucifera) - Origin and Current Locales.

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Coconuts (Coco Nucifera) Origin and Current Locales The word coconut comes from the Spanish and Portuguese word coco, meaning monkey face. This is because Spanish and Portuguese explorers saw a monkey's face in the three eyes on the bottom of a coconut. They discovered these fruits on the Nicobar Islands of the Indian Ocean, where they were used primarily as currency up until the early twentieth century. Palm trees, whereupon coconuts grow, for the most part, have not been intentionally imported into countries. This is because the fruit naturally disperses itself from one tropical beach site to another through flotation on water. The coconut is the seed of the palm tree. It can float for weeks and even months without sinking due to the coir, or brown fiber of the plant, which also protects the embryo from being damaged by the seawater. When the fruit finally washes up on a beach, the embryo germinates through one of the three eyes of the coconut. This explains how coconuts were growing and being used by Old World natives in the Americas before Columbus arrived. ...read more.


This is used primarily in shampoo, conditioners, and other skincare products. Coconut milk contains a large amount of cytokinin, which is the plant hormone that helped experimental botanists figure out how to get single cells to develop into embryos There is only one type of coconut, but the age of the coconut divides coconuts into different categories. The first stage of the coconut is Baal, which is the tender or baby coconut. This coconut consists of 90-95% water. The second stage of the coconut is Madhyam, or the half-mature coconut. At this stage, the water becomes slightly milky and the coconut has some soft pulp, or copra. The final stage of the coconut is Pakva, or the fully mature coconut. At this stage, the coconut has a hard pulp, or copra, and very little water. It is difficult to digest the coconut, and, if consumed daily, hyperacidity and elevated cholesterol levels occur. The coconut is the reproductive structure, or endosperm of the palm tree. A coconut is a one-seeded drupe, which means that the seed is located inside the flesh of the fruit. ...read more.


Both coconut milk and cream are used in many cooking methods, primarily in India and the Caribbean. Cream of coconut is a canned commercial product made from sweetened coconut-flavored liquid. It is used primarily for baking and in beverages and cocktails. Storage Fresh unopened coconuts should be stored at room temperature for up to four months. Grated fresh coconut should be put in a tightly sealed container and stored in the refrigerator for up to four days or in the freezer for up to six months. Unopened canned coconut can be stored at room temperature for up to eighteen months. Packaged coconuts in plastic bags can be stored at room temperature up to six months. The high oil content in coconuts makes them turn rancid quickly if not stored properly. One medium sized fresh coconut will yield 3-4 cups of grated or flaked coconut and 1 cup of liquid. If shredded coconut becomes dry, it can be soaked in milk for 30 minutes and then patted dry. Cost Coconuts can be found at almost any fruit stand, fruit supplier, or grocery store. The price of a coconut ranges from $.99 each (at a grocery store) to $2.99 each (at a fruit supplier). ...read more.

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