• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cognitive Theories in Psychology

Extracts from this document...


FIELDSEND COGNITIVE THEORIES IN PSYCHOLOGY * Therapies based on the cognitive model attempt to show people that their distorted/irrational thoughts are the main contributors to their disorder. By changing faulty thinking, disorders can be treated. * Bandura's approach to therapy uses modelling. As well as changing behaviour, models aim to change thoughts and perceptions. Modelling is useful in the treatment of phobias and is also effective in assertiveness and social skills training. ...read more.


aims to help people find flaws in their thinking by creating a dispute belief system. * When irrational beliefs have been identified, they are substituted by more realistic ones. RET is an active, direct and argumentative approach, which has been questioned by those who stress empathy's importance in therapy. However it seems to be effective for certain disorders. * Beck's cognitive restructuring therapy also sees disorders as stemming from irrational beliefs. ...read more.


Changing attributions like this can lead to increased self-esteem, greater confidence and better performance. * Meichenbaum's stress inoculation therapy assumes that people sometimes find situations stressful because of their misperceptions about them. The therapy trains people to cope more effectively with potentially stressful situations through cognitive preparation, skill acquisition and rehearsal, and application and practice. * Cognitively based therapies are particularly helpful in treating panic disorder. They have also been shown to have a significant impact on many medical conditions and to reduce the psychological impact of unemployment. Their effectiveness with other disorders is, however, less clear-cut. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. How does cognitive theory explain the aetiology of depression? Briefly describe the treatment for ...

    This leads us to wonder 'how do cognitive theorists actually explain the aetiology of depression?' Teasdale's differential activation hypothesis (1988) was an extension of Beck's work. He revised Bower's 1981 network theory for prepositional memory and made it into a cognitive theory of depression.

  2. Freud and Bandura: A Critical Evaluation of Two Human Behaviour Theories

    the criticism here is that social cognitive theory conducts a high number of experiments that merely state the obvious and do not delve into explaining causes and this is simply inadequate for a good quality theory of human behaviour (Burger, 2008; Mitchell & Jolley 1988; Newbery, 2009 Lecture 7).

  1. The pros & cons of cognitive behavioral therapy being used as a tool to ...

    chronic stress of racism / discrimination because the technique incorporates two very effective methods of psychotherapy: Cognitive Therapy deals with the patterns and symptoms of the way one thinks, and Behavior Therapy focuses on the way one habitually behaves given troublesome circumstances, and attempts to alter negative behavior patterns to a more optimistic forecast.

  2. What are the advantages and limitations of a cognitive neuropsychology approach to development disorders?

    Bishop D, V, M. (1997) concludes that by simply accepting the earliest stage of development at which the impairment is seen, you are ignoring the evidence which suggests there is interaction between processes. For example in language development, it would be more useful to use a model which allows for both top-down as well as bottom-up influences.

  1. Eyewitness performance in Cognitive and Structured interviews.

    was unaffected. In light of these results, the enhanced CI was presented as a reliable repertoire of techniques to maximise the recall of a witness (Fisher & Geiselman, 1992). More recent attempts at replicating the earlier studies have identified a number of problems.

  2. To what extent can cognitive theories of depression explain the onset as well as ...

    (Dobson & Shaw 1986) Learned helplessness has been shown to be non-predictive. In a longitudinal study Lewinsohn, (1981/1988) found that dysfunctional attitudes / belief sets do not predict depressive symptomatology in a 4 month follow up of college students. Therefore stable, maladaptive cognitions were not found to be vulnerability factors,

  1. LOP psychology

    The conclusion of their experiment was that the 'meaningfulness' of a word has a greater effect on the recall of words due to the level at which the information has been processed. Craik and Lockhart's theory has been praised for concentrating on the processing of memory.

  2. Hypochondriasis: Treatment with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and How I'm Getting My Life Back

    Most hypochondriacs will also suffer from other anxiety disorder such as panic disorders, generalized anxiety disorder and obsessive compulsive disorders. My experience with hypochondria happened after my father became ill with lung cancer. I had always been an anxious person, and have always had a slight preoccupation with my health.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work