• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cognitive Theories in Psychology

Extracts from this document...


FIELDSEND COGNITIVE THEORIES IN PSYCHOLOGY * Therapies based on the cognitive model attempt to show people that their distorted/irrational thoughts are the main contributors to their disorder. By changing faulty thinking, disorders can be treated. * Bandura's approach to therapy uses modelling. As well as changing behaviour, models aim to change thoughts and perceptions. Modelling is useful in the treatment of phobias and is also effective in assertiveness and social skills training. ...read more.


aims to help people find flaws in their thinking by creating a dispute belief system. * When irrational beliefs have been identified, they are substituted by more realistic ones. RET is an active, direct and argumentative approach, which has been questioned by those who stress empathy's importance in therapy. However it seems to be effective for certain disorders. * Beck's cognitive restructuring therapy also sees disorders as stemming from irrational beliefs. ...read more.


Changing attributions like this can lead to increased self-esteem, greater confidence and better performance. * Meichenbaum's stress inoculation therapy assumes that people sometimes find situations stressful because of their misperceptions about them. The therapy trains people to cope more effectively with potentially stressful situations through cognitive preparation, skill acquisition and rehearsal, and application and practice. * Cognitively based therapies are particularly helpful in treating panic disorder. They have also been shown to have a significant impact on many medical conditions and to reduce the psychological impact of unemployment. Their effectiveness with other disorders is, however, less clear-cut. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. What are the advantages and limitations of a cognitive neuropsychology approach to development disorders?

    Although there may be one specific fractionation within the major dimensions of functioning (e.g. language, spatial perception, social cognition and so on) it is often observed that within any domain, the findings are rather more complex, revealing interlinked patterns of associated impairments, in contrast to the highly selective deficits associated with acquired disorders.

  2. How does cognitive theory explain the aetiology of depression? Briefly describe the treatment for ...

    This leads us to wonder 'how do cognitive theorists actually explain the aetiology of depression?' Teasdale's differential activation hypothesis (1988) was an extension of Beck's work. He revised Bower's 1981 network theory for prepositional memory and made it into a cognitive theory of depression.

  1. Eyewitness performance in Cognitive and Structured interviews.

    The structure of this training for our CI and SI followed that recommended to professionals who interview witnesses, both adults (Koehnken, 1995) and children (the 1992 Government recommended Memorandum of Good Practice, see Bull, 1992; 1995). The essence of these recommendations is to treat the interview as a procedure in

  2. The pros & cons of cognitive behavioral therapy being used as a tool to ...

    The impact of discrimination is influenced by individual factors (such as socio-economic status, skin color, and coping style), context (for example, where the incident happens, the extent of integration within an area, and the history of the minority group) as well as macro-economics, political ideologies and history (King & Williams, 1995).

  1. Freud and Bandura: A Critical Evaluation of Two Human Behaviour Theories

    Although we may concede there are a number of valid criticisms of Freud's 'theory', there is also quite an array of recognised positives. Freud stressed that the consequences of personality patterns were developed early on for the individual; which is consistent with more elaborate recent theories of personality (Friedman & Schustack, 2009).

  2. LOP psychology

    Phonological questions produced 35% of words recalled. The percentage of words recalled that were from semantic questions was much greater at 70%. The results of Craik and Lockhart's study showed that participants were more likely to be able to recall a larger amount of words that were processed semantically rather than structurally or phonologically.

  1. To what extent can cognitive theories of depression explain the onset as well as ...

    (Dobson & Shaw 1986) Learned helplessness has been shown to be non-predictive. In a longitudinal study Lewinsohn, (1981/1988) found that dysfunctional attitudes / belief sets do not predict depressive symptomatology in a 4 month follow up of college students. Therefore stable, maladaptive cognitions were not found to be vulnerability factors,

  2. How Helpful has the Stroop Method Been in Exploring the Relations Between Emotional and ...

    Their cognitive process was thus affected by, and is therefore related in some way to, their emotional process. This finding was backed up by Thorpe & Salkovskis (1997). They also used arachnophobics and a spider-word Stroop test. They administered the spider-word Stroop test before and after a session for treatment

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work