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Compare and contrast different parenting styles. Is there a best parenting style?

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Introduction

Compare and contrast different parenting styles. Is there a ?best? parenting style? From a nurturing but indulgent parent to an over controlling and repressive one, each different parenting style influences the development of the child throughout life. Baumrinds research on the conceptualization of parenting styles, as well as the subsequently research made by her peers, allow us to and differentiate the levels of efficiency according to: (1) acceptance and involvement in the child?s life, by creating emotional bonds and being involved on their life; (2) autonomy granting which, encourage independence, and (3) behavioral control of the child through a set of conduct and expectations which, depending on the level might promote mature behaviour. This essay will attempt to demonstrate the main similarities and differences between the four types of parenting ? authoritative, authoritarian, permissive and uninvolved, according to: acceptance and involvement; autonomy granting and behavioral control. Furthermore this essay will attempt to show which of the four parenting styles is considered to be the best. Both authoritative and permissive approaches are warm, nurturing and have a high acceptance and involvement level. The authoritative parent strive to establish a positive relationship with the child, leading to enhance the child?s emotional safety allowing the child to feel comfortable to express their feelings without fear of judgment. ...read more.

Middle

Although some parents may believe in this approach and therefore applying it; others might lack the confidence to act as an influence in their child?s life, and in some cases, this approach is a result of the lack of autonomy the parent experienced as a child. By granting full freedom as a tool to promote autonomy and not creating any structure, the permissive parent may fail to motivate their child to work hard in school, research shows that the child of a permissive parent in the future will lack persistence when face with difficult tasks. Such children may find it extremely difficult to adjust to a structured environment as they are used to no boundaries. (Darling & Steinberg, 1993) In contrast, both authoritarian and uninvolved parents do not encourage child autonomy. An authoritarian parent limits the child?s self-expression and independence, by keeping the child in their place thus, restricting their autonomy. They make decisions for their children according with their expectations and expect them to accept it (Baumrind, 1966); the lack of autonomy may lead to the child to be withdrawn, anxious and unhappy (Berk, 2017). The uninvolved parent does not offer any guidance nor set expectations for behaviour. ...read more.

Conclusion

They incorporate effective communication with their child, and this helps enhance the child?s emotional safety. Children raised by authoritative parents have better social skills and a great sense of self-esteem (Pinquart, 2016). They exhibit high self-control, and therefore, they are able to avoid deviant activities. Several studies support the idea that the children of authoritative parents not only were the most motivated, competent and the most achievement oriented, but also are positive associated with better academic performance (Turner, Chandler & Heffer, 2009). The various parenting styles have unique attributes and outcomes. Authoritarian parenting shares some similar elements with an authoritative approach since the two impose strict rules and conditions in order to instil discipline. This differs profoundly from both permissive and uninvolved parenting. Permissive parenting does not set limits and therefore, allows the child to do whatever he/ she likes. However, permissive parents are caring and responsive to the child?s needs. Uninvolved parents, on the other hand, are indifferent to the child?s needs and normally absent. This causes the child to develop severe psychological disorders such as depression and anxiety. Although each parenting style applies to different situations, research shows that authoritative parenting is the most effective of the four parenting styles, because it yields a higher number of psychological and behavioral positive results allowing the child to become a happy and fruitful member of society. ...read more.

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