• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare, contrast and evaluate the Biological perspective and the Behavioral perspective of psychology.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Compare, contrast and evaluate the Biological perspective and the Behavioral perspective of psychology. Psychology is a broad discipline and as such has seen an ever increasing number of fields of study grow within it. Psychoanalytic, cognitive and humanistic existential perspectives are just a few examples of differing core methods of approach and emphasis when applied to fundamental psychological issues. These differing approaches allow problems to be examined in a variety of ways by psychologists. Whilst it is quite common now to combine these metatheories in order to approach psychological issues (the biopsychosocial perspective or the sociocultural model, for example) the overarching framework of the broader perspectives still underpins these methodologies and ways of thinking. Two key metatheories which exist within the field of psychology are the Biological perspective and the Behavioural perspective. Whilst both of these approaches attempt to answer the same essential questions that exist throughout psychology they are fundamentally different in their delivery and methodology (although some similarities do exist). ...read more.

Middle

Split-brain patients are people who have undergone surgery to sever the part of the brain responsible for joining the two hemispheres in order for them to exchange information, the corpus callosum. Participants were seated on one side of a screen with a series of objects on the other. The participants were able to handle the objects but the screen obscured their view. Words relating to the available objects were then individually flashed onto each side of the screen for one tenth of a second (ensuring that only the opposing hemisphere of the brain would pick up the word) whilst the participant fixes their gaze to a location in the centre of the screen. When asked to pick a particular object (after flashing the name of said object onto the right side of the screen) with the left hand, under the control of the right hemisphere, the participant is unable to ascertain why they picked up the object they chose. ...read more.

Conclusion

After a time the dogs had learned to associate the bell with the arrival of food and would salivate in the same manner when the bell was rung whether it was accompanied by food or not (Sammons, 2005). Operant or operative conditioning acknowledges the classical theory but adds that animals and humans are also subject to the consequences of their own previous actions. If the consequences resulting from a certain type of behaviour are positive for example, this behaviour is likely to be repeated, whereas should that behaviour cause a negative result it is more likely to not be repeated (Sammons, 2005). Whilst both perspectives are distinct there are several points at which they intersect theoretically, particularly now with the advent of new technologies which can facilitate further investigation into areas of study (across both perspectives) which in the past were not accessible. Across the many avenues of potential psychological study in employ the Behaviourist and the Biological perspectives are arguably two of the most prolific, providing a foundation for the majority of combined metatheoretical studies and therefore holding great potential as platforms of future investigation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Successful Ageing: Psychological Theory and Research (Department of Psychology - University of Liverpool)

    across a busy street as she kicks and screams in opposition" (p.279). Tornstam (1992) suggests we might be forcing old people to wear our own theoretical caps thinking that our points of departure for assessment are relative. In a broader context, thus far models of successful ageing have overlooked the

  2. Student number: 0373390

    Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 37, 389-403. Wishart, J. G (1996) Avoidant Learning Styles and Cognitive Development in Young Children. In Stratford and Gunn (Ed.) New approaches to Down Syndrome (pp.173-205) London, Cassell. The longer term plan would be for John to join mainstream education at five as the importance

  1. Describe and evaluate two psychological perspectives.

    Out of these experiments Thorndike and Skinner came up with positive and negative reinforcement and positive and negative punishment. Positive reinforcement is pleasurable which increases the chance of repeated behavior. Negative reinforcement refers to the avoidance of an unpleasant stimulus but the result is also rewarding.

  2. Since Brocas 1861 discovery, the left and right cerebral hemispheres have been characterised as ...

    One way of researching the differences between the hemispheres is by using visual-half field studies, (Haralambos, 2002). Information (e.g a picture of an apple) being presented briefly in the right or left visual field. The subject had to visualise on a central visual point whilst the information was presented.

  1. "To what extent can humans be considered distinct from other animals"

    This essay has already proposed that humans are social beings. Humans develop attachments to other humans. Bowlby (1998) proposed an attachment theory which suggested that humans possess a psychological tendency to seek closeness to others, to feel secure when that person is present, and to experience anxiety in their absence.

  2. The Limbic System

    It has an important role not only in the formation of new memories but also with the consolidation of episodic memories which are associated with experience and emotion. Therefore the hippocampus is also involved in ganing, iliminating and recovering of fear to cues and contexts.

  1. Developmental psychology

    The concept of object permanence suggests that cognitive activities accompany emotional expressions (Bukatko & Daehler, 1988). This forms part two of Lewis et al.'s (1989) general model where self-referential behaviour appears alongside cognitive advances. According to Charlsworth, (1969) the emotional expression of surprise demonstrated in tasks involving object permanence appear

  2. Adult brains show localized functions, for example with speech processes being concentrated in areas ...

    Though this process is not well understood though and involves some speculation. (Mareschal et al., 2004, p. 124-5) One way of trying to understand the structures and functioning of the brain is dividing the brain into cognitive modules. As much as there is an ongoing speculation whether cognitive modules exist,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work