• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare, contrast and evaluate the Biological perspective and the Behavioral perspective of psychology.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Compare, contrast and evaluate the Biological perspective and the Behavioral perspective of psychology. Psychology is a broad discipline and as such has seen an ever increasing number of fields of study grow within it. Psychoanalytic, cognitive and humanistic existential perspectives are just a few examples of differing core methods of approach and emphasis when applied to fundamental psychological issues. These differing approaches allow problems to be examined in a variety of ways by psychologists. Whilst it is quite common now to combine these metatheories in order to approach psychological issues (the biopsychosocial perspective or the sociocultural model, for example) the overarching framework of the broader perspectives still underpins these methodologies and ways of thinking. Two key metatheories which exist within the field of psychology are the Biological perspective and the Behavioural perspective. Whilst both of these approaches attempt to answer the same essential questions that exist throughout psychology they are fundamentally different in their delivery and methodology (although some similarities do exist). ...read more.

Middle

Split-brain patients are people who have undergone surgery to sever the part of the brain responsible for joining the two hemispheres in order for them to exchange information, the corpus callosum. Participants were seated on one side of a screen with a series of objects on the other. The participants were able to handle the objects but the screen obscured their view. Words relating to the available objects were then individually flashed onto each side of the screen for one tenth of a second (ensuring that only the opposing hemisphere of the brain would pick up the word) whilst the participant fixes their gaze to a location in the centre of the screen. When asked to pick a particular object (after flashing the name of said object onto the right side of the screen) with the left hand, under the control of the right hemisphere, the participant is unable to ascertain why they picked up the object they chose. ...read more.

Conclusion

After a time the dogs had learned to associate the bell with the arrival of food and would salivate in the same manner when the bell was rung whether it was accompanied by food or not (Sammons, 2005). Operant or operative conditioning acknowledges the classical theory but adds that animals and humans are also subject to the consequences of their own previous actions. If the consequences resulting from a certain type of behaviour are positive for example, this behaviour is likely to be repeated, whereas should that behaviour cause a negative result it is more likely to not be repeated (Sammons, 2005). Whilst both perspectives are distinct there are several points at which they intersect theoretically, particularly now with the advent of new technologies which can facilitate further investigation into areas of study (across both perspectives) which in the past were not accessible. Across the many avenues of potential psychological study in employ the Behaviourist and the Biological perspectives are arguably two of the most prolific, providing a foundation for the majority of combined metatheoretical studies and therefore holding great potential as platforms of future investigation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Discuss, Compare and Contrast Piaget and Vygotsky’s Learning Theories.

    Thus one can conclude that when regarding the way in which these two theorists differ from this point of view, a synthesis seems less difficult to create as they do not necessarily have a different ontological basis * MAKE-BELIEVE PLAY Another area in which we see both similarities and differences

  2. Describe and evaluate two psychological perspectives.

    The learning theories are widely used in society today. Operant conditioning can be seen in schools, prisons and mental institutes were people are offered rewards for good behavior or denied pleasures for misbehavior. Many businesses use operant conditioning to keep customers by ways of token economy.

  1. Compare, contrast and evaluate the nativist and empiricist views of infant perception

    Adams and his colleagues (1994; cited in Smith, Cowie and Blades, 2003) found that infants at birth could only distinguish between red and white colours. According to Teller and his colleagues (1978; cited in Smith, Cowie and Blades, 2003), by the age of two months they become able to separate

  2. Explain and contrast the psychodynamic, humanistic and behaviourist approaches in psychology

    We have different types of defence mechanisms, repression, reaction formation, denial, projection, displacement, sublimation, regression and rationalization. These defence mechanisms are used to protect the ego against the painful and threatening impulses arising from the id, we distort the reality.

  1. Psychological and Sociological Perspectives On Human Development and Behaviour.

    Once she had her drug money, she would go and buy drugs, then go home. Little Courtney was lucky if her mother brought her in a packet of crisps for her lunch. Courtney's mother would take more drugs and sit all day full of drugs; Courtney was left to her own devices.

  2. For this assignment I will produce a case study showing how psychological theories can ...

    When a child is upset or is crying then a teacher will comfort the child by playing with them, hugging them, comforting them in some sort of way, they would talk to the child to find out what is wrong.

  1. Student number: 0373390

    Therefore children with DS who are more likely to have speech and language deficits may lose out on the benefits of such input. The issue of receptivity towards children with DS must also be taken into consideration when placing them in mainstream education.

  2. "What are the advantages and disadvantages of the behaviourist approach to mental disorder?"

    the dogs, so he tried to get the same response only using different stimuli. He would ring a bell every time food was given to the dogs and eventually the dogs associated the bell with food and they salivated upon its ringing.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work