• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare, contrast and evaluate the Biological perspective and the Behavioral perspective of psychology.

Extracts from this document...


Compare, contrast and evaluate the Biological perspective and the Behavioral perspective of psychology. Psychology is a broad discipline and as such has seen an ever increasing number of fields of study grow within it. Psychoanalytic, cognitive and humanistic existential perspectives are just a few examples of differing core methods of approach and emphasis when applied to fundamental psychological issues. These differing approaches allow problems to be examined in a variety of ways by psychologists. Whilst it is quite common now to combine these metatheories in order to approach psychological issues (the biopsychosocial perspective or the sociocultural model, for example) the overarching framework of the broader perspectives still underpins these methodologies and ways of thinking. Two key metatheories which exist within the field of psychology are the Biological perspective and the Behavioural perspective. Whilst both of these approaches attempt to answer the same essential questions that exist throughout psychology they are fundamentally different in their delivery and methodology (although some similarities do exist). ...read more.


Split-brain patients are people who have undergone surgery to sever the part of the brain responsible for joining the two hemispheres in order for them to exchange information, the corpus callosum. Participants were seated on one side of a screen with a series of objects on the other. The participants were able to handle the objects but the screen obscured their view. Words relating to the available objects were then individually flashed onto each side of the screen for one tenth of a second (ensuring that only the opposing hemisphere of the brain would pick up the word) whilst the participant fixes their gaze to a location in the centre of the screen. When asked to pick a particular object (after flashing the name of said object onto the right side of the screen) with the left hand, under the control of the right hemisphere, the participant is unable to ascertain why they picked up the object they chose. ...read more.


After a time the dogs had learned to associate the bell with the arrival of food and would salivate in the same manner when the bell was rung whether it was accompanied by food or not (Sammons, 2005). Operant or operative conditioning acknowledges the classical theory but adds that animals and humans are also subject to the consequences of their own previous actions. If the consequences resulting from a certain type of behaviour are positive for example, this behaviour is likely to be repeated, whereas should that behaviour cause a negative result it is more likely to not be repeated (Sammons, 2005). Whilst both perspectives are distinct there are several points at which they intersect theoretically, particularly now with the advent of new technologies which can facilitate further investigation into areas of study (across both perspectives) which in the past were not accessible. Across the many avenues of potential psychological study in employ the Behaviourist and the Biological perspectives are arguably two of the most prolific, providing a foundation for the majority of combined metatheoretical studies and therefore holding great potential as platforms of future investigation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Discuss, Compare and Contrast Piaget and Vygotsky’s Learning Theories.

    Thus one can conclude that when regarding the way in which these two theorists differ from this point of view, a synthesis seems less difficult to create as they do not necessarily have a different ontological basis * MAKE-BELIEVE PLAY Another area in which we see both similarities and differences

  2. Describe and evaluate two psychological perspectives.

    The learning theories are widely used in society today. Operant conditioning can be seen in schools, prisons and mental institutes were people are offered rewards for good behavior or denied pleasures for misbehavior. Many businesses use operant conditioning to keep customers by ways of token economy.

  1. Compare, contrast and evaluate the nativist and empiricist views of infant perception

    Adams and his colleagues (1994; cited in Smith, Cowie and Blades, 2003) found that infants at birth could only distinguish between red and white colours. According to Teller and his colleagues (1978; cited in Smith, Cowie and Blades, 2003), by the age of two months they become able to separate

  2. Explain and contrast the psychodynamic, humanistic and behaviourist approaches in psychology

    Tip of the tongue experiences. The Unconscious state is the most important fundamental concept in psychodynamic thinking, the individual has suppressed material that is considered to be too threatening to the conscious mind, the suppressed material doesn't disappear but continues to make its presence felt through physical symptoms (Somatisation), anxiety, panic attacks, phobias etc.

  1. Psychological and Sociological Perspectives On Human Development and Behaviour.

    This little girl got nothing; poverty affected her because of her mother's drug intake. From the day Courtney was born, she was treated very badly and got nothing. My ex-friend used to get up each morning, go out, and get drugs; Courtney was left home alone from a very young age.

  2. For this assignment I will produce a case study showing how psychological theories can ...

    The teacher helps to ensure that the child settles in. The nursery uses this method to help the children to settle into the nursery although they do not have an official settling in policy. I will briefly explain below the nursery's early years policy, which is bases on the theories of how children form attachments.

  1. Student number: 0373390

    The availability of support outside the family will also be an important factor in contributing to the development of greater resilience. Taking part in an EI programme is not guaranteed to be successful but does not represent an undue risk as there is no evidence it does harm and it

  2. Evolutionary Psychology

    This completely separates the theory from any notion that the human mind has a multi-functional area that deals with all types of reasoning, learning and decision-making (Tooby & Cosmides 1997). When we look at the way our organs are specified to fulfil different purposes i.e.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work