Compare, contrast and evaluate the Biological perspective and the Behavioral perspective of psychology.

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

Compare, contrast and evaluate the Biological perspective and the Behavioral perspective of psychology. Psychology is a broad discipline and as such has seen an ever increasing number of fields of study grow within it. Psychoanalytic, cognitive and humanistic existential perspectives are just a few examples of differing core methods of approach and emphasis when applied to fundamental psychological issues. These differing approaches allow problems to be examined in a variety of ways by psychologists. Whilst it is quite common now to combine these metatheories in order to approach psychological issues (the biopsychosocial perspective or the sociocultural model, for example) the overarching framework of the broader perspectives still underpins these methodologies and ways of thinking. Two key metatheories which exist within the field of psychology are the Biological perspective and the Behavioural perspective. Whilst both of these approaches attempt to answer the same essential questions that exist throughout psychology they are fundamentally different in their delivery and methodology (although some similarities do exist).

Middle

Split-brain patients are people who have undergone surgery to sever the part of the brain responsible for joining the two hemispheres in order for them to exchange information, the corpus callosum. Participants were seated on one side of a screen with a series of objects on the other. The participants were able to handle the objects but the screen obscured their view. Words relating to the available objects were then individually flashed onto each side of the screen for one tenth of a second (ensuring that only the opposing hemisphere of the brain would pick up the word) whilst the participant fixes their gaze to a location in the centre of the screen. When asked to pick a particular object (after flashing the name of said object onto the right side of the screen) with the left hand, under the control of the right hemisphere, the participant is unable to ascertain why they picked up the object they chose.

Conclusion

After a time the dogs had learned to associate the bell with the arrival of food and would salivate in the same manner when the bell was rung whether it was accompanied by food or not (Sammons, 2005). Operant or operative conditioning acknowledges the classical theory but adds that animals and humans are also subject to the consequences of their own previous actions. If the consequences resulting from a certain type of behaviour are positive for example, this behaviour is likely to be repeated, whereas should that behaviour cause a negative result it is more likely to not be repeated (Sammons, 2005). Whilst both perspectives are distinct there are several points at which they intersect theoretically, particularly now with the advent of new technologies which can facilitate further investigation into areas of study (across both perspectives) which in the past were not accessible. Across the many avenues of potential psychological study in employ the Behaviourist and the Biological perspectives are arguably two of the most prolific, providing a foundation for the majority of combined metatheoretical studies and therefore holding great potential as platforms of future investigation.

The above preview is unformatted text

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • Over 150,000 essays available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Over 180,000 student essays
  • Every subject and level covered
  • Thousands of essays marked by teachers

Related University Degree Developmental Psychology

  1. Discuss, Compare and Contrast Piaget and Vygotsky’s Learning Theories.

    He believed that through pretending, children practice and strengthen newly acquired representational schemes. Piaget believed that initially children possess a number of separate schemes that they use in play. He said that one way a child could co-ordinate and develop more complex schemes was to engage in sociodramatic play.

  2. Psychological and Sociological Perspectives On Human Development and Behaviour.

    Within Western society, play is an important factor of the infant's development. For example, just being at nursery will meets all of the infant's developmental needs. Being at nursery will meet the infant's cultural needs by playing with other children, running about and interacting.

  1. Successful Ageing: Psychological Theory and Research (Department of Psychology - University of Liverpool)

    In this model, the successfully ageing individual voluntarily retires from work or family life and is at ease with turning to a rocking chair or pursuing other solitary activities, sub consciously preparing for the inevitable. Although this model seems rather passive and dated today, it was appropriate for a time

  2. Student number: 0373390

    Educational Psychology, 20(4), 4447-457. Lerner, Lowenthal and Egan (1998) Preschool Children with Special Needs: Children At-Risk, Children with Disabilities. Needham Heights MA, Allyn and Bacon. Odom, S. and Worlery, M. (2003) A Unified Theory of Practice in Early Intervention/Early Childhood Specialist Education: Evidence-Based Practices.

  1. For this assignment I will produce a case study showing how psychological theories can ...

    quite low When judging the quality of the research methods, the researchers must be aware of the importance and meaning of the reliability of data collection methods and the validity of the data that is collected. Reliability is an important perception in research.

  2. Explain and contrast the psychodynamic, humanistic and behaviourist approaches in psychology

    The preconscious state are thoughts that are out of consciousness because we are either currently preoccupied with something else or we have deliberately chosen to 'put it out of our mind'. Thoughts can be brought into consciousness with relative ease, i.e.

  1. The success of developmental psychology

    They all consider both aspects important, but they construct their theories and methods in the basis whether they see more crucial one or the other. In this field we will see Nativist researchers as Meltzoff and Moore (1977) who will take us into the infants ability to imitate.

  2. Psychology was a branch of philosophy before it broke away into a distinctive discipline ...

    However, while Freud's psychoanalytic theory is considered extremely useful in some respects, a considerable amount of Freud's assertions and contentions were very much controversial and questionable. This, as a result, encouraged his supporters to break away from his original potent psychoanalytic theory into a much less direct view of the psychoanalytic assumptions.

  • Over 180,000 essays
    written by students
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to write
    your own great essays

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.