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Discuss the evidence for a biological basis of learning and memory

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  • Essay length: 663 words
  • Submitted: 10/05/2006
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University Degree Cognitive Psychology

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Discuss the evidence for a biological basis of learning and memory

Discuss the evidence for a biological basis of learning and memory

Investigating biological basis of learning area which has received a great amount of attention. This text will primarily address the neural regions involved in learning and memory which have been identified via studies of impaired memory, experimental lesions in non-humans and also through brain scans on individuals whilst carrying out task related to learning and memory. This text will also provide evidence for the suggestion that there is not simply one region involved in learning and memory but many.

The first regions of the brain to be considered in the present context are the cortical regions, both posterior to the frontal lobes and anterior. In addressing the cortical regions, evidence has been given to suggest by Petrides (1994) that certain areas of the region are involved in visual memory whereby damage to this area can disrupt visually based memory whilst leaving memory based on other modalities intact.

Moving on to consider anterior cortical regions, Petrides (1994) also suggests that the prefrontal cortex (PFC) plays a role in the management of memory and certain actions

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