In this essay we are going to look at how the psychoanalytic and behavioural approaches differ in the treatment of abnormal behaviour
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In this essay we are going to look at how the psychoanalytic and behavioural approaches differ in the treatment of abnormal behaviour The word "abnormal" means deviating from the norm. Defining abnormality is no easy task but this does not mean that the phenomenon of abnormality does not exist. In every society people recognise and label behaviours and people, that they consider to be abnormal. Sometimes there is a general agreement about assigning the label "abnormal" to behaviours of types of thinking - at other times people disagree about whether or not the label "abnormal" should be applied. In ancient times the Egyptians, Greeks and Hebrews generally took the view that deviation from the normal could be attributed to the work of good or bad spirits. The Social Conformity approach to defining abnormality is the idea that a behaviour is abnormal if it does not conform to what society expects. It is not just a matter of what the person does, behaviour which is considered normal in one situation might be considered outrageous or ridiculous in another. Definitions of abnormal behaviour also vary from culture to culture, some cultures will accept and tolerate behaviour which would be considered totally unacceptable by another.
and rather expensive to get. Other techniques within the psychoanalytical approach are; Transactional Analysis and Psychodrama. Transactional Analysis is based on a book by Eric Berne "Games People Play" written in 1964. The purpose of Transactional Analysis is that if suggests most human interactions involve social games. In this therapy the adult will either act childlike (id) or like a stern parent (superego) or a sensible adult (ego). With Transactional Analysis the therapist helps the patients become more aware of the three components of their personality and to understand and recognise when they behave as the child/parent/adult. Psychodrama was developed in 1971 by J L Moreno, this technique encourages clients to act out their feelings, they dramatise their emotional attitudes instead of merely verbalising them, this allows a clearer insight into the cause of the disorders, this technique is often used with marriage counselling and teenagers, the advantage of this is that several patients can be treated at the one time. After a Psychodrama, therapist and patient discuss what they have learned. Now that we have looked at Psychoanalysis lets look at another approach.
a parent could modify this behaviour is to take away the pocket money until they do start to tidy their room and once this system is in place, re-introduce the pocket money. Another technique used in Behaviour Modification is Token Economy, the required behaviour is rewarded with tokens which can then be exchanged for something the person wants. This particular technique is used with people suffering from anorexia, when they eat a certain amount of food they may be allowed a certain magazine, or item of clothing. Now that we have an in depth knowledge of both approaches lets look at how they differ and how they are also similar in their treatments. "The behaviourist approach can be contrasted with psychoanalytical approach because it focuses on the unwanted, overt behaviours rather than the internal unconscious underlying causes on mental disorders" (PSYCHODYNAMIC vs BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY HANDOUT) Behaviourist approach focuses mainly on the behavioural problem itself rather than the historical reason for its development as the Psychoanalytic approach does. How they are similar is that they give the patient an insight as to how to cope maturely with their disorder. As we can see both approaches have different focuses on their treatments for abnormal behaviour 1
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