• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Is Schizophrenia inherited?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Portfolio Presentation Student No : 01156365 Unit: PSYC3028 Psychological Disorders Is Schizophrenia inherited? For this portfolio presentation I have chosen to look at the mental illness 'Schizophrenia'. My presentation in particular will concentrate on the nature/nurture debate. Whether Schizophrenia is caused by hereditary causes, or by environmental causes. Schizophrenia still remains a partically comprehended illness, with no one single cause (Website 1). I have read a great deal of literature from academics which will be discussed later, but I wanted to do my own field research, and discover first hand what the public thought of schizophrenia, whether they thought it was hereditary or environmentally caused. So I completed a questionnaire, I was able to gain 38 respondents to the questionnaire, of the public's awareness and thoughts of Schizophrenia. I felt this would help me to actually see what the public thoughts and ideas were, other than the academics ideas. I actually got a sense of what people that live day to day life have experienced when it comes to Schizophrenia, and actually how much they know about the illness. Details obtained from this questionnaire will be discussed later on. Schizophrenia is a common psychotic disorder. It is truly puzzling. At times, people with Schizophrenia communicate clearly, have accurate views of reality, and function well in every day life. But at other times their speech and thinking and slurred and garbled, they kind of lose touch with reality, and are not able to care for themselves in the most basic of ways. ...read more.

Middle

Of all children with parents with Schizophrenia, 87 % will not develop the disorder, but 63 % of people with Schizophrenia have no first or second degree relative with the disorder, and hence bends to a more environmental approach. Could the fact that children of people with Schizophrenia gained the disorder through the stress of having Schizophrenic parents? I felt through my research that the public did not really account for stress within the family as causing Schizophrenia, I feel that most respondents who did not have first hand experience of Schizophrenia, chose to believe the academics in that genetics is the main cause. 15 out of the 38 respondents that had had first hand experience of Schizophrenia and were more open minded when it came to the causation of the disorder. Most of them did explain, that when the person suffering from Schizophrenia was a relative, that Schizophrenia does have some environmental influences as well, as they only had one relative with the disorder, so how could it be genetic? One respondent had an uncle which suffered from schizophrenia and the family had noticed signs of his son developing the disorder and hence this respondent did put most of the explanation down to genetics, but also believed that the stress of having a father with the disease may have been a factor too. Many academics and professionals believe that there is not one single genetic abnormality that accounts for this disorder. From a polygenic additive model perspective that believe it is a mixture of abnormal genes and not just one that causes Schizophrenia, Gottesman 1991, (cited in Nolen-Hoeksema 2004). ...read more.

Conclusion

Family therapy is seen as having a positive effect in helping with Schizophrenia when drugs accompany it. But if one is treated for Schizophrenia with drugs, then if the explanation is all biological and this is being treated with drugs, how can one explain relapses? Surely the environment must play a role as well. From my research I received a very positive response from the respondents with regards to my questionnaire, most respondents claimed that the questionnaire made them think I great deal more about the subject and the disorder, and helped them to understand more about the subject. When asked in their own words whether they feel Schizophrenia is hereditary, not one respondent blamed Schizophrenia completely down the genetics, and they all believed, even though at different degrees, that the environment always played a role, whether it be society, family, politics etc. I felt that people that had experienced Schizophrenia first hand obviously were more expressive of their opinions and voiced a great deal of detail. I feel that more research and information needs to be made available to the public to give awareness of mental illnesses. With regard to my research question, there is no one cause for Schizophrenia as I have backed up by empirical, academics and public research, it is truly a complex interaction of both nature and nurture. Each person voices their own studies or opinions about the cause of the disorder, I don't feel that we will ever agree on the exact causation, which I feel will always be the case until one has a scientific break through to prove otherwise. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Clinical Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Clinical Psychology essays

  1. Developmental theories that inform social and emotional development

    Sexual abuse refers to inappropriate touching, rape, incest, sodomy while neglect is the failure to provide the necessities of life, and to protect. Dehart et al (2000) believes that exposure to trauma such as violence in the family will interfere with a child's normal development as regards trust which may negatively impact the development of autonomy.

  2. This is a two part assignment looking at clients with a range of bereavement ...

    process but we stay with the client wherever they are at that time. For John, it has been 3 years since the death of his partner. The fact that John has gone to his G.P. of his own accord after this time demonstrates some kind of recent movement or change.

  1. Stress - Causes, Effects and Coping

    Whatever may be the personal accounts of the smokers, clinical evidence reaffirms that smoking is associated with heightened stress. The Research Results on Smoking and Stress Contrary to the belief that smoking is an aid for mood control; it actually heightens tension, irritability and depression, during nicotine depletion in body.

  2. The assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with sexually abusive behavior.

    However, individual therapy may be the treatment of choice for the younger, sexually reactive abused child who has become sexually abusive. This is particularly true for children who manifest high levels of intrapsychic conflict, emotional distress, confusion, and defensiveness around their own sexual victimization.

  1. Counselling Theory - Good Practise and Ethics

    Boundaries Setting boundaries within a contract means to ensure that a client has a good understanding of what will happen during sessions, what to expect from therapy and what is expected of them. It is very important that once the boundaries of the relationship are set they are adhered to,

  2. POSSIBLE CAUSES OF SCHIZOPHRENIA: NATURE VS NURTURE. The causes of schizophrenia have been ...

    There are a lot research showing that risk for schizophrenia appears to begin the early development - even during pregnancy. Research indicate that prenatal factors such as viral infections and pregnancy complications (Tsunag, 2000) are associated with increased risk of later developing schizophrenia.

  1. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. Critically examine the philosophy and application for one chosen counselling or ...

    Evidently cognitive behavioural therapy integrates features of Skinners Operant conditioning and behavioural therapy. The idea that positive and negative reinforcement influences behaviour is somewhat successful, this clearly impacted on Beck when he was developing cognitive behaviour therapy, thus incorporating it into his theory.

  2. Describe and evaluate Carl Jungs theory concerning personality types and show how they might ...

    As you go into adulthood there may be trouble between the ego and self, as the individuals attitude change. Affirmation of the Self liberates its creative energies and brings certain knowledge that the best life is the life lived sub specie fraternisation (ref..

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work