Rogers Contributions To The Development Of Psychology.

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

Rogers Contributions To The Development Of Psychology. Carl Rogers (1961) was a Humanistic psychologist and contributed greatly to the development of psychology. One of the influences is the fact that the idiographgic approach is used. Rogers emphasized on the uniqueness of a person, that everyone is different in what they need and how they react to different things. Because of this psychology should focus more on the subjective thoughts, feelings and experiences of a person and it should be valued and seen as important. Rogers not only took into account the persons past experience but also what they are feeling here and now.

Middle

The idea of personal responsibility has a great influence in psychology today. Rogers contributed to psychology by introducing a form a humanistic therapy called Client Centered Therapy. This therapy focused on the person not the problem. Also Humanists assume that people must be looked at using a holistic approach, which means to look at the whole person. If you try and break down behavior than the whole person is being lost through this reductionist process. This idea contributed to psychology, now we realize that problems do not usually have a specific cause you must look at the whole person.

Conclusion

Therefore there is no empirical evidence for these theories. Also this approach relies on self reporting which can be subjective or bias. An assumption that is criticized is the belief that all children experience problems if they have a critical or conditioned upbringing, which is not necessarily true. Also if they do experience problems than the blame might be focused on primary caregivers which is sometimes unjust. Rogers contributed to psychology in many ways however he is criticized because there is little objective evidence to prove the claims and assumptions he made. However Rogers asserted even though this approach can not be proved at times, if it helps people to live less problem filled lives and benefit in any way than it is valuable.

The above preview is unformatted text

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • Over 150,000 essays available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Over 180,000 student essays
  • Every subject and level covered
  • Thousands of essays marked by teachers
  • Over 180,000 essays
    written by students
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to write
    your own great essays

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.