• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Rogers Contributions To The Development Of Psychology.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Rogers Contributions To The Development Of Psychology. Carl Rogers (1961) was a Humanistic psychologist and contributed greatly to the development of psychology. One of the influences is the fact that the idiographgic approach is used. Rogers emphasized on the uniqueness of a person, that everyone is different in what they need and how they react to different things. Because of this psychology should focus more on the subjective thoughts, feelings and experiences of a person and it should be valued and seen as important. Rogers not only took into account the persons past experience but also what they are feeling here and now. ...read more.

Middle

The idea of personal responsibility has a great influence in psychology today. Rogers contributed to psychology by introducing a form a humanistic therapy called Client Centered Therapy. This therapy focused on the person not the problem. Also Humanists assume that people must be looked at using a holistic approach, which means to look at the whole person. If you try and break down behavior than the whole person is being lost through this reductionist process. This idea contributed to psychology, now we realize that problems do not usually have a specific cause you must look at the whole person. ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore there is no empirical evidence for these theories. Also this approach relies on self reporting which can be subjective or bias. An assumption that is criticized is the belief that all children experience problems if they have a critical or conditioned upbringing, which is not necessarily true. Also if they do experience problems than the blame might be focused on primary caregivers which is sometimes unjust. Rogers contributed to psychology in many ways however he is criticized because there is little objective evidence to prove the claims and assumptions he made. However Rogers asserted even though this approach can not be proved at times, if it helps people to live less problem filled lives and benefit in any way than it is valuable. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Developmental Psychology essays

  1. The person-centred approach as it is 'for me'

    But as my counselling skills have developed, I am more able to hold the core conditions and therefore I feel that I have accepted the triad and the experience is much more real now. When I started college it was quite daunting to be in a big group of people

  2. Psychological and Sociological Perspectives On Human Development and Behaviour.

    Once they are in the class they may go into different groups and play, draw, and, even learn the alphabet. They will line up for lunch together. Sit together at the table eating their lunch. At home time, they will go home with their parents.

  1. Addiction- the person beyond the mask

    The presence of these facilitative conditions is believed to promote the client's "...changes in personality and behaviour." (Kirschenbaum and Henderson, 1990, pp 136,c). It is the client that brings about the changes in him or herself, this is conducive to the person-centred belief that all individuals have an actualizing tendency

  2. Humanistic and Bahaviourist Approach To Free Will and Determinism

    is behaviour that has no cause and would be totally random behaviour. The final suggestion was 'having control and being able to exert a voluntary choice over our behaviour' (M. Barker 2004: Introd Psych chap: 5). Valentines study supports the argument that having free will is a vital part of

  1. Developmental psychology

    Eibl - Eibesfeldt (1973) discovered blind and deaf babies deprived of normal learning opportunities and hence cognitive developments expressed the same facial expressions as those who were not. This suggests an unlearned link between particular emotional states and facial expressions in support of Darwin's theory (Peretz, 2001).

  2. Evolutionary Psychology

    W 1890) The notions that EP presents could provide a greater understanding of human behaviour and potentially present improved methods of dealing with psychological problems. However, this kind of development is only possible through the identification and exploration of adaptive problems and their neural basis (Tooby & Cosmides 1997).

  1. Psychology was a branch of philosophy before it broke away into a distinctive discipline ...

    His preferred methodology for analysing his patients was the case study. Indeed, his case study investigations were the predominant practicality behind his psychoanalytic theory. Typically, in treating his clients he would use his self developed psychoanalysis techniques that were able to access unconscious thoughts; well at least that is what he claimed.

  2. Behaviour, according to Rogers, Is a function not of external reality or of stimuli ...

    hunger. (Rogers 1951:483,487) As mentioned above, the field is subjective and relative to the individual, no one can ever fully understand the field of an other, simply because the individual venturing into the other's reality is he himself subject to his own frame of reference.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work