• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Should reproductive hormones be used to alter fertility?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Should reproductive hormones be used to alter fertility? There may be many different reasons why a person might want to use reproductive hormones. Two of the main reasons could be to increase their fertility or to control it. There are also many risks/ side effects which might occur when using the hormones The natural method of reproduction has become only one of many new techniques used today. There are millions of couples that do not have the ability to reproduce on their own because of infertility and therefore, must resort to these new techniques. The main causes of infertility are that of hormonal malfunctions and anatomical abnormalities. There are many ethical debates on whether artificial means of reproduction should be used I do not think that fertility drugs should be used to increase fertility. As they have many side effects, for example, clomid is a mild ovarian stimulant that can cause headaches nausea and breast tenderness, which often can not be predicted, however I do believe everyone has the right to have a child so therefore I think that the holistic approach can be taken. The holistic approach does not use synthetic hormones and mess with the bodies' natural system. "This approach utilises complementary therapies to improve the results of high-tech care - or uses minimally invasive diagnostic techniques to improve the results of complementary care. ...read more.

Middle

It is not fair on the person having the treatment. There are also some religious reasons as many cultures do not believe in using drugs to alter a person's fertility and they believe that it is god's way and that if you can not have a child naturally you should not have a child by using drugs. Another example on when reproductive hormones are used to control fertility. I believe that hormones should be used to alter fertility in this example but the person using the hormones needs to careful. These types of reproductive hormones do not have as strong side effects as reproductive hormones used to increase fertility. The contraceptive pill is made from synthetic hormones made in a factory. There are long lists of side effects which may occur when taking the pill some of the most common ones are weight gain, cancer risks and blood clots. Doctors believe that when the risks and benefits are compared they think that they do more good than harm. When using hormones for contraception there are many undesirable side effects which occur, "for example in recent years the proportion of oestrogen which is being used has decreased quite a lot as it can cause a increased risk of thrombosis. " Mary Jones and Geoff Jones, Advanced biology, Cambridge university press, New York. There are many other hormonal contraceptives with side effects. ...read more.

Conclusion

If embryos are frozen, the average will be 15-20 percent lower." However many ideal circumstances need to be met for these statistics to be made possible. So it is very difficult to get the results mentioned above. Cost of this technology are high, the costs of the actual embryo transfer are relatively low but the costs of labour and fees costs are high as normal healthy cows are kept out of production to be used as recipients. However when production is higher costs are lower as it is spread over more cows. In conclusion I believe that everyone has the right to have a baby but I think that a holistic approach should be taken rather than reproductive hormones as this a more natural way. When you are taking the hormones you are interfering with the body's natural ways, many people do not believe in this and think that it should be left to natural way. Adoption is also another alternative and has many social problems which affect a person decision to choose fertility over adoption. I think that hormones should be used in contraception as they have less serious side effects than the ones used for increasing fertility and everyone has the right to choose if they want a baby and how they choose to conceive the baby. I do think though that reproductive hormones should be used to help with the reproduction. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Developmental & Reproductive Biology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Developmental & Reproductive Biology essays

  1. The role of hormones in the female reproductive system.

    LH is responsible for the development of the CL and this in turn is responsible for producing progesterone. At the same time as the LH surge, the ovarian steroid hormone Oestradiol is released and this works alongside progesterone in a feedback mechanism to control gonadotrophin release.

  2. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is an in vitro technique, which allows the amplification ...

    limited and there is an absolute requirement for prior knowledge of target sequence. With PCR as the base, there are a lot of advances and extensions to basic PCR strategy. One of them is reverse-transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR), which is the PCR amplification of cDNA2.

  1. The Human Genome Project and its Ethical, Legal and Social Implications

    to be additional benefits that have not yet been considered, there is also scope for misuse of information and a threat to personal privacy. In 1997, UNESCO published a Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights. Although the recommendations were general, it outlined some important principles.

  2. Nutrition is the relationship of foods to the health of the human body.

    For carbohydrate intake the norm is 300g. My intake was a little low being 207.9. This shows that I need to eat more carbohydrates. I should also balance each of my meals on complex carbohydrate as brown rice, wholemeal pasta or bread.

  1. Mitochondrial genetics. Are there really only maternally inherited mitochondria in our cells? What happens ...

    This case showed, however, that mtDNa recombination is possible (mitochondria has a functional recombinase) (Paendorf, Stoneking, (11/20/2005)) although the way these organells can fuse and exchange the contents is not known. Besides, this man possessed heteroplasmic maternal mtDNA (both mutant and normal), which could also make such rare recombination possible and so severe.

  2. Life cycle

    The Eukaryotic Cell Cycle and Mitosis. A. The large, complex chromosomes of eukaryotes duplicate with each cell division . 1. Whereas a typical bacterium might have 3000 genes, human cells, for example, have 50,000-100,000. 2. The majority of these genes are organized into several separate, linear chromosomes that are found inside the nucleus.

  1. DNA and Manipulating Reproduction.

    this method to manipulate reproduction as well as the ethical issues involved, many of the children born using this technique have chromosome mutations, which are potentially lethal. This manipulated/aided reproduction has the potential to produce a child with up to 5 parents: I.

  2. Explain the treatments available to help infertile couples have children.

    the fallopian tubes, through a small incision, in the abdomen for natural fertilisation and implantation. GIFT has reasonably high success rate in comparison to IVF. The advantages are, the success rate is higher and GIFT allows the embryo to arrive in the uterus naturally, without disrupting the development of the uterine lining.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work