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University Degree: Sports Science

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  1. Effects of Steroids on Athletes

    On their web site McDonald and Gann Collins confirm that steroids are a group of hormones synthesized from cholesterol. They state that there are many types of steroids but the ones that are considered anabolic are those that have been synthetically produced to yield derivatives of testosterone. (http://www.steroidlaw.com/steroids101.htm) 2. Why do People take Steroids? Even though there are many side effects from taking steroids many people abuse the drug. According to a report done by the NIDA (National Institute on Drug Abuse) people take steroids to better their performance in sports. People also abuse the drug to increase muscle size or to reduce body fat.

    • Word count: 1127
  2. Discuss the consequences for learners of a coach or teacher adopting a narrow pedagogical approach to their delivery finish

    coaching athletes to be competent with all skills in their fields. This demonstrates Siedentops thoughts on pedagogy as he considers pedagogy ?as the skilful arrangement of an environment in such a way that students acquire specifically intended (intentional) learning?s. Pedagogy links teachers and coaches? actions with students? outcomes?. (Siedentop, D. 1987 p.115) The dominant theory of learning in the first half of the twentieth century was behaviourism. (Lyle, J. Cross, N 1999 p.52). This theory is heavily based around learning objectives; as this method enables coaches or teachers to ensure the students full understanding of expectations the coaches or teachers have.

    • Word count: 1251
  3. Explain how using psychological strategies (such as goal setting) you would increase an individuals exercise adherence.

    Kyllo and landers (1995) conducted the first Meta analysis on goal setting in a sporting environment and found it to be successful, this is why many athletes, coaches and teams use goal setting daily as it is proven to increase an individuals exercise adherence. A recent meta-analysis showed that goal setting led to performance enhancement in 78% of sport and exercise (R.Singer et al, 2001). Goal Setting is used in order to give an individual a reason to percivere with tasks and exercise as it gives them something to work towardsand can enable them to feel satisfied and rewarded once their goal is achieved.

    • Word count: 1153

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