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University Degree: Sports Science
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Discuss the consequences for learners of a coach or teacher adopting a narrow pedagogical approach to their delivery finish
coaching athletes to be competent with all skills in their fields. This demonstrates Siedentops thoughts on pedagogy as he considers pedagogy ?as the skilful arrangement of an environment in such a way that students acquire specifically intended (intentional) learning?s. Pedagogy links teachers and coaches? actions with students? outcomes?. (Siedentop, D. 1987 p.115) The dominant theory of learning in the first half of the twentieth century was behaviourism. (Lyle, J. Cross, N 1999 p.52). This theory is heavily based around learning objectives; as this method enables coaches or teachers to ensure the students full understanding of expectations the coaches or teachers have.
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The two main mechanisms of focus will be peripheral vasoconstriction and metabolic heat production. Peripheral Vasoconstriction Vital organs located in the body’s “core” can only function optimally when a certain body temperature is maintained (approximately 37.8°C). When core temperature drops to a certain point, the body will divert blood flow from the “shell,” or the skin and the peripheral regions of the body, in order to provide more heat delivery to vital organs of the core. The blood is diverted by a bodily function known as vasoconstriction, where blood vessels contract in order to increase blood pressure and decrease flow in these tightened and narrowed areas.
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For example, protein intake is one variable that might affect your training response. While some studies support greater muscle gains with greater protein intakes, others do not. Nonetheless, the commercial sector took advantage of a gap in the market and is now producing diet supplements that claim to aid a range of peoples training goals, including muscle growth. Literature Review Thalacker (2009) presents results that researchers from the University of Alabama recently published of a cluster analysis, looking at the effects of dietary variables on muscle growth. The study recruited 35 untrained men and 31 untrained women to take part in a 16 week training programme.
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Explain how using psychological strategies (such as goal setting) you would increase an individuals exercise adherence.
Kyllo and landers (1995) conducted the first Meta analysis on goal setting in a sporting environment and found it to be successful, this is why many athletes, coaches and teams use goal setting daily as it is proven to increase an individuals exercise adherence. A recent meta-analysis showed that goal setting led to performance enhancement in 78% of sport and exercise (R.Singer et al, 2001). Goal Setting is used in order to give an individual a reason to percivere with tasks and exercise as it gives them something to work towardsand can enable them to feel satisfied and rewarded once their goal is achieved.
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