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University Degree: Sports Science

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  1. Clearly describe the roles, skills and responsibilies of a Sports Therapist and Physiotherapist

    Some sports therapists will work in one or more clinics and also work with one or more amateur or professional sports clubs on a part time basis. Others will improve their income with part time jobs, e.g. as a lecturer on sports courses in further and higher education, a sports coach (football, tennis) or a personal trainer. They can also offer this to the client, which of course will develop a better therapist client relationship and a better income. Experience and well qualified sports therapists can look for full time jobs with sports teams or build up enough clients to work full time in a clinic.

    • Word count: 2334
  2. Continued study in the field of Sports and Exercise Science will be a challenge that I look forward to as I am determined to further develop

    Additionally, I have gained valuable analysis and evaluation skills through this practical work, due to the need to analyse and evaluate the data retrieved from experiments, and interpreting this data into a meaningful conclusion. Human Biology has allowed me to expand my knowledge of the human body in many different ways, including how the human body operates, the factors which can influence it, and the way it responds to exercise. Of particular interest to me are the different aspects of sport science, for example, how performance is influenced by external factors such

    • Word count: 578
  3. race and gender and sporting success

    Western Africans naturally have a larger muscle mass and a lower body fat percentage. This will mean that they are naturally very powerful and are good at sports which need power. These are events such as the 100 metres and the 200 metres. Another thing that makes them good at the sprinting events is that they have a large proportion of fast twitch muscle fibres. This makes there muscles very strong and powerful which will make them good at the sprinting events. Another sport that West Africans are good at is the long jump event.

    • Word count: 1560
  4. how does sport fit into society

    For example, if a player headbuts or starts a fight with another player then children would think it was ok for them to do it. On the other hand if a football player such as Rio Ferdinand introduces an anti bullying campaign then children are more likely to listen to him rather than some politicians promising to stamp out bullying.The way the players interact with society can influence younger children. It can have an impact on the childrens mental and psychological development, making them who they are, when they become adults.

    • Word count: 2642
  5. how does nutrients affect sports

    There are three main different types of carbohydrate. These different types can be found in different foods. Carbohydrates that take time to be broken down and give a stedy release of energy are called polysaccharides. These are the largest of the carbohydrates and are complex. They are made from long chains of single sugar units called monosaccharides. This type of carbohydrate can be found in foods like bread, pasta, beans, potato, rice and cereals. During a carbohydrate overload an athlete would eat plenty of this type of food.

    • Word count: 1505
  6. History has proven that the use and abuse of athletes for political purposes only hurts young athletes rather than achieving any political gain.

    It may also be the key to why the German Government supported this picture. There underlining purpose in supporting "Olympia" was to promote the positive principles (as perceived by the Nazis) of National Socialism to the world. Germany is an example of politics entering the Olympic stadium. National Socialism was the approach which drove the Nazi government. The communist state began segregating between athletes, when it removed any Jewish participants wishing to assist there nation in the Olympics from competing in an East German uniform. This was a direct violation of the Olympic charter; 'oppose any political abuse of sport and athletes'.

    • Word count: 1534
  7. Should team sports be a compulsory part of the school curriculum?

    However, by incorporating team sports into school hours, time will not be a problem and thus, we will all be fitter and Britain will be liberated from its title as 'the fattest nation in Europe'. Many of us may reason that the same benefits can be achieved by sports that require only one person per team, such as tennis singles or squash, so what makes team sports so special? The answer to this is that there are an incalculable number of skills that we can benefit from taking part in team sports but that cannot be gained from sports for individuals, including teamwork, communication and leadership skills, as well as the promotion of self-belief and self-discipline.

    • Word count: 758
  8. local and national provision of sport athletics

    Figure 1 illustrates the basic pathway to junior international selection. There are many schemes currently set to be developed, to then take these junior international athletes to a world level. Firstly, as part of the UK:Athletics restructure during 2006, five Event Management Groups (EMG) have been put in place to control a significant budget and directly manage Athletes and Coaches who are performing at a prescribed level. This helps to offer elite performers direction and finical support. A second scheme that has been set up was the appointment of four athlete mentors to assist current senior and junior athletes in their long term preparation for major championships and their lives as professional athletes.

    • Word count: 3163
  9. Sport industry.The sport industry is important to many people whop work in it and those people who use the products and the services it offers. There are three main sectors of sports which are

    The private sectors organisations are accountable to their shareholders. The private sectors organisations must be able to respond quickly to any changes or demands from the customers. The people who participate in this sector are the people who have an interest in sport and want to be part of a private members club to keep fit in a group. E.g. Sitwell golf club and BODY TECH fitness centre. * The voluntary sector- generally organisations that local people provide activities for the local sports performers.

    • Word count: 10415
  10. Nutrition. This booklet especially designed for the British Olympic Association will provide nutrition and environmental information prior to the Beijing 2008 Games. Two endurance sports will be used as examples throughout this booklet, Marathon and the

    Training intensity should be reduced to 60-70% during the first three days to prevent heat stress. This process is called heat acclimatization. Source: Wilmore & Costil, [1999] page 312 "Repeated heat stress initiates thermoregulatory adjustments that result in improved exercise capacity and less discomfort on subsequent heat exposure. This heat acclimatization triggers a favourable distribution of cardiac output and a greatly increased capacity for sweating. Full acclimatization generally occurs in about 10 days of heat exposure." Source: McArdle, Katch & Katch.[1996]Page 518.

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  11. the effects of steroids on the body

    The synthetic state is sometimes more potent than the natural one. Testosterone and progesterone are hormones used in steroids; another kind comes from the adrenal glands, which secrete various necessary bodily chemicals. The steroids themselves can be taken orally, as tablets or powders, and can also be liquids that are injected into the muscles. Testosterone was first synthesized in the 1930's, and introduced as steroids in the sporting arena in the 1940's and 1950's. And although this drug helps to build body tissues quickly, it also comes with drastic side effects.

    • Word count: 1247
  12. Performance-Enhancing Drugs in SportsDuring the past 40 years the use of performance enhancing substances in athletics has increased at every level. Sports have been played by men and women on artificial testosterone for more than four decades

    You would also have to look at the fact that your career could end at any time if you get injured. Athletes are also faced with the amount of money they can earn as a professional athlete. Imagine that you are facing a major professional contract worth millions of dollars. This could really change your perspective or even your opinion on performance enhancing drugs. Facing these circumstances you might ask yourself, would you consider using these drugs that could potentially end your career or maybe even your life?

    • Word count: 1579
  13. Factors Affecting Performance Age, gender and disability

    An example of physical disability is arthritis that can affect anyone at any age but is most likely to affect you as you get older. This disease causes inflammation in the joints and when you move it becomes very painful. Medicines that have development have made differences to these conditions. As the years have passed, technology has found things that can allow disabled people to participate in sport, such as the wheelchair and prostheses. These allow people who could naturally not participate in sport, play.

    • Word count: 2126
  14. Sport in Society

    Football is the one of the most popular sports worldwide; there are nearly 50,000 clubs with 3 million participants. It's not only those who are closely connected to sport that get money out of it, sports retail sectors make a lot of money making the kits for the players. There are 430 rugby league clubs with 42,000 players altogether and the numbers are increasing. There are many different types of jobs in rugby, from managing to secretarial work. Participation There are many different ways we can participate in a form of exercise or sports. There are those involved in sports clubs, health and fitness activities, outdoor activities, casual sport with friends or even a social swim.

    • Word count: 991
  15. Should drugs be legalized?

    Why should some be considered and others not? C. Positive and negative consequences 1. Yes, drugs should be legalized. Positive consequences Negative consequences * If the government controlled the sales they could stand to make a lot of money through taxes. The money made could go to help needy organizations and groups. * People would use it more and addictions would rise, costing money for rehab centres. * Organized crime may be reduced, therefore lowering the crime rate and making our streets safer. * If could cause more accidents or deaths when driving or in recreational use. * The government could control the amount coming in and where it comes from, therefore makit it safer (not as potent or contaminated).

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  16. I will be talking about different diet plans of three contrasting athletes, from this I will analyse the differences between them with relation to their needs in sport. I will be looking at diets pre - competition, during competition and post competition

    Low dietary protein lengthens recovery time, causes muscle weakness, and suppresses the immune system. (Born, S 2005). Even though protein is important athletes should fill 2/3 of their plates with high- carbohydrate options. Endurance athletes should also pay close attention to the meal the night before the event and eat what works for them. This is a good time to load up on easy to digest carbohydrate sources like pasta, rice, bread, potatoes, fruits, and juices with the meal. Athletes should make sure to replace the sodium lost in sweat, this is because sodium contains salt levels, and losing salt

    • Word count: 6725
  17. In this assignment I'm employed as an assistant to a Sports Development officer within the Local Authority and I have to investigate the ways in which our local authority sports development unit can increase

    For example a football club or academy such as Loughborough Football Academy, will be taught by a qualified coach who will make the athletes work at their 100% and will encourage them to get their aims working. The goals of this section are to increase the number of people who are trying to improve their own skills and techniques in a specific sport and also to increase the number of members in clubs. Excellence: Finally in the top of the "sports development continuum" is where elite players will end up their career reaching their top skills and techniques at their own sport, also where national and international competitions will be part of their lives.

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  18. Drugs can improve your speed, reaction time, endurance etc, so performers take them to ensure they can perform at their peak. However with strict drug testing procedures these days performers find it very

    Some performers will take drugs to win competitions and the rewards that go with them. Others will take them out of the desire to win at all costs. Drugs can improve your speed, reaction time, endurance etc, so performers take them to ensure they can perform at their peak. However with strict drug testing procedures these days performers find it very difficult to get away with it, and many get caught and face long term bans. Short-term effects depend on the type of drug being used. Generally short-term effects include pain blockage from an injury, lower heart rate, reduced anxiety and slower breathing rate.

    • Word count: 699
  19. This assignment considers physical activity in four different special population groups. Each population group is identified as being 'special' because they have specific physiological and psychological needs that require physical activity to be modified

    As with every proper exercise session, they started with a good fifteen minutes of warm up. This ensured that all muscles were stretched and warmed up, ready for activity. The warm up exercises were very fun and exciting, which guaranteed the participation and inclusion of all children. The warm up exercises were very imaginative and creative and to name a few examples: walking on tiptoes with arms outstretched, frog leaping, hopping, star jumps and side skips. The stretches started from the top of the head moving down the body, such as neck stretches, shoulder rotation, roll and shake, hip swing and rotation, bottom wiggle and standing on tip toes to stretch the calves.

    • Word count: 3183
  20. Critically evaluate your planned coaching session undertaken with children illustrating your awareness of accepted criteria for evaluating coaching sessions

    Coaches may not have the same personality traits as the athletes and therefore they may be unable to get on very well and have a conflict in personality, causing the athlete to give up or reduce the amount of effort and enthusiasm they put into the sport. It is important that every coach remembers that every participant is different. Each has different needs and all wish to play their own game. A coach needs to understand how to approach each of these participants and gain a relationship with each of them to suit their needs.

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  21. Managing People and Performance

    Also the hard goals should be broken down into smaller and simpler milestones. Therefore, it becomes very important to identify the right goal. Goal identification can by following one or more of the following factors/methods: * God Gifted Abilities * Available opportunities, information and options * Current situation * Advice from well wishers God Gifted Abilities: It has been seen that some people are born with some natural talent. For example Sachin Tendulkar has natural talent of hand eye co-ordination for hitting the cricket ball, Lata Mangeshkar has natural talent in singing, Amitabh Bachchan has natural talent of his heavy voice etc. In such cases it is very easy to identify the goals.

    • Word count: 1237
  22. Trace the development of one major sport for people with a physical disability from an historical perspective and give a succinct analysis of the fitness requirements for this sport.

    Sir Ludwig Guttmann also founded the British Sports Association for the Disabled in 1961, later to be restructured and become Disability Sport England. Since then sport for disabled people has become ever more accessible and now in modern times, events like the Paralympics, first held in 1960, are a symbol of how much disabled sport has improved since the early 1900's. Organisations like Disability Sport England (DSE), founded in 1997, have also been important in allowing the development of disabled sports like wheelchair Tennis and Rugby and at current; the DSE has over 40,000 members.

    • Word count: 1804
  23. Anabolic Steroids in Professional Bodybuilding

    In fact, no one can gain and build such strong muscles and advance physical appearance as people who abuse anabolic steroid. First of all, anabolic-androgenic steroid is man-made essence connected with male sex hormone. "Anabolic" means to muscle-building and "androgenic" is to enlarged masculine powerful personality. Steroids belong to the group of prohibited drugs. Steroids are obtainable lawfully only by a prescribed medicine. For example when the body produces unusually low amounts of testosterone, such as serious types of impotence and delayed teenage years.

    • Word count: 2088
  24. Sliding Filament theory Myosin and actin overlapping nature On the filament are special sites to which myosin attach

    almost straight away they realise and attach site i.e. the muscle shortens, hence contraction 1000's of filaments do this, what problems might arise if it doesn't occur properly? Slippage will occur Transmission of neural impulse * Involves electrical signal * At rest the neurone is positive outside and negative inside.

    • Word count: 324
  25. 'Design a preparation phase training plan for a sport of your choice, which focuses on relevant areas of physical preparation

    The main event that I will be aiming for is the Northants summer League for hockey. This macrocycle will be the first layer of the periodisation programme. This macrocycle is then divided in mesocycles, which are training phases that lead up and recover from each event or goal. These mesocycles are usually four distinct phases of training; Conditioning - Elements of fitness are trained, for example strength and endurance. Preparation - Here specific training and preparation is carried out to attain each goal.

    • Word count: 1612

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