• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The experiment is based on the classical, incongruent words and colours experiment originally undertaken by Stroop. The effect of word names on distinguishing coloured inks

Extracts from this document...


The effect of word names on distinguishing coloured inks Abstract The experiment is based on the classical, incongruent words and colours experiment originally undertaken by Stroop. This task has been done a number of times for previous research although each one has been adapted slightly. Previous research has shown that response time is longer for colour related words than colour neutral words. The results for this current experiment show that this is true. Based on the results, participants took a longer response time to say the number of words in the incongruent condition than in the congruent condition. Introduction Attention is the ability to focus on a task, the ability to focus and it refers to the allocation of processing resources (Anderson, 1995). There are a number of different aspects to attention such as automaticity, divided attention and selective attention. When people to try to do one task over another and find it difficult to attend to more than one thing at the same time this is selective attention. All tasks and processes require a call on processing resources to a greater or lesser extent and the amount of information we can take in and process is limited by our available resources. ...read more.


The same instructions were given to all participants and they were not given the chance to confer with each other before the test. Participants Twenty people took part in the test. Sixteen of which were recruited from colleagues at the Open University or friends and family. The other four participants were selected by the author and were friends. The age of the participants varied between eighteen and sixty nine and was a mix of thirteen women and seven males. Materials Two lists of thirty words were prepared on A4 sheets. One list contains words such as plum, blood and lemon and the other contained colour neutral words such as blame, ledge and grade. Each word was printed in one of six colours: red, orange, yellow, blue, green or purple. The same ink colour sequence was used for lists. All words were printed in the same font and were the same size. Examples of the word lists are shown in Appendix 1. Also used was a stopwatch to time the responses. Standard instructions were also given to the participants (Appendix 2) and a consent form was completed by each participant before they underwent the task (Appendix 3). ...read more.


Discussion The results showed a significant difference in the time taken to read the colour related words over the colour neutral words. This is in line with previous research which has been undertaken and supports the experimental hypothesis of this study. This study was done on a small scale with only twenty participants. In the study when naming the colours on the first condition, a number of participants named the word rather than the ink colour and spent a number of seconds correcting themselves. This in itself had an effect on the results. For further research the number of mistakes could be measured and tested. Also some of the participants seemed to slow down when reading colour words and tried to pay more attention to the task. Further research on this subject could try to find out whether automatic processing can deal with even more complex inputs. That is to see if the automatic processer can process information at a deeper level than surface level. The limited capacity theory is supported by the Stroop experiment because it shows that's the capacity of attention is limited by doing two things at the same time, i.e. seeing the word and saying the colour of the ink the word is written in. Knowledge of the word interferes with the process. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. Investigating the Effect of Mindfulness and Mental Depletion on Inattentional Blindness.

    or they heard a recording on the facts of sultanas (no mindfulness condition). Finally, participants engaged in an inattentional blindness task where they were instructed to count the number of times the white objects bounced off the edges of the screen, and were then asked if they had seen an unexpected object in the computer task.

  2. Selective attention and the Stroop effect: automatic processing interference of controlled processing in a ...

    The research hypothesis was that processing time of a conflicting colour related word task will be slower than a neutral word task. This is a one tailed hypothesis. The null hypothesis was there will be no difference in processing time of the tasks.

  1. The Stroop effect and selective attention: intrusion of automatic semantic processing on the performance ...

    The rationale for this experiment is to retest the Stroop effect, and to quantify the intrusion of automatic, unconscious semantic processing. The experimental hypothesis is that the time taken to identify the ink colours of a list of colour names will be longer than that of a control list of neutral words.

  2. Mental Rotation experiment. Previous experiments have found that a greater rotation angle leads to ...

    cued condition are slightly faster at 240� and 300� than at 120� and 60�, their equivalent shortest angle. The opposite is true for the no information and for the 1500ms cued conditions. However, the differences are small. Linear regression Linear regression is used to measure the correlation between angle of rotation and reaction time.

  1. The effects of music on word recall

    Table 1 presents the means and standard deviation of the results from the three conditions. Table 1 Condition Mean Standard Deviation Vocal Music 8.6 2.38 Instrumental Music 10.73 3.15 No Music 12.93 4.02 The means table shows slight differences between the three conditions, in particular between VM and NM.

  2. The effects of the word length effect and articulatory suppression on short term memory ...

    in a distraction task which is aims to find out whether music has an effect on word recall. Participants were then told that they could leave the room. * The number of words correctly recalled was then totalled up for each list.

  1. The effect of context, and the relationship of cue and target, in word recognition ...

    They were positioned in the centre of the screen in bold black size 44 font, for 5 seconds each- before automatically moving onto the next word. The set inducing task also had a second slideshow used to test participants. The test was similar to the first display, but instead showed

  2. Quatitative Project The Stroop effect and selective attention: Effect of ...

    This help individuals get things done while directing their limited resources elsewhere (Edgar, 2007). However, there are costs associated with automatic processing as it may interfere with the information people are trying to attend to, making an easy task difficult to perform.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work