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Theories of Personality. Hans Eysenck: The Factor Theory

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Introduction

´╗┐Factor Theory Running Header: Hans Eysenck: The Factor Theory Hans Eysenck: The Factor Theory Grace Roman Park University Claude Andrews PS 315 Theories of Personality February 29, 2012 Abstract Hans Eysenck, known for his defiant and reluctant views against the already grounded norms, and the most cited psychologist of all time with more than 70 published books, proposed ones that our behavior is little affected by our environment, and rather genetics. Introducing introverted and extroverted behavior along with neurotic bias to the world of psychology, he would end up creating a rather extensive test, the Eysenck?s Psychological Questionnaire, also known in the work of psychology as the EPQ which aids one as an individual to figure themselves out, and get to know the nature of their behaviors. In this paper we look a little bit of the history of Hans, his theory, hypothesis and how it does compare to other scientists like Ivan Pavlov, Carl Jung to mention a few and how it related to many of our lives, in this case, mine. ________________ Hans Eysenck: The Factor Theory Hans Eysenck was born in Berlin on 1926 to Ruth Werner, a starlet at the time of Hans?s birth who later on became a German silent film star, and Anton Eduard Eysenck, an actor, singer and comedian. ...read more.

Middle

It was from these conclusions that Hans created the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) in psychology being a questionnaire to assess the personality traits of a person Eysenck maintained that extraverts have relatively strong inhibitory processes and weak excitatory processes. Their strong nervous systems mean they have a large capacity to tolerate stimulation. Introverts, in contrast, have strong excitatory processes and weak inhibitory processes and with that, their weak nervous systems mean they have only a small capacity to tolerate stimulation. Thus, the brains of extraverts react more slowly and weakly to stimuli, thereby creating a stimulus hunger, or desire for strong sensory stimulation, which causes them to seek excitement by approaching the environment, attending parties, making friends, taking risks, and so forth. Introverts are inherently more cortically aroused, have brains that react more quickly and strongly to stimuli, and can tolerate only relatively small amounts of stimulation. As a result, they spend more time in contemplative activities such as reading, writing, and playing chess. This inhibition theory, led to a host of behavioral predictions that had generally been empirically confirmed. For example, in comparison to introverts, extraverts are fonder of loud music, bright colors, and jazz (unusual, and therefore more interesting and stimulating). ...read more.

Conclusion

than in terms of physiology. And yet, his descriptions of various types of people, and of how they can be understood physically, ring particularly true. And most parents, teachers, and child psychologists will more than support the idea that kids have built-in differences in their personalities that begin at birth (and even before), and which no amount of re-education will touch. Although I personally am not a behaviorist, dislike statistics, and am more culturally oriented that biologically, it is needless to say I do not believe in Eysenck?s theory all thoroughly. Although perhaps it may have his own truth, I truly feel that our surroundings play a very important part of our personality and character turn out. As a woman who lost her mother at a young age, it changed me completely, from being a rather sympathetic person, to build a shield that only I could decide when to let down. I went from a calm person to a very aggressive one, because of the environment I was growing up with, my surrounding, required me to be more alert, and develop a sense of violence which to this day I find myself relieving when the slightest of occasion reminds me of a traumatic situation I may have had experienced on the streets. Bandura demonstrated this with the ?Bobo Theory? as well as Skinner with his behaviorisms and his conditioning theories, and so on. You, of course, have to make your own choice. ...read more.

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