This simple stimulus learning paper will analyze the forms of simple stimulus learning. The analysis will explain the concept of habituation
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ï»¿Stimulus learning somewhat changes behavior permanently, or it can somewhat change the behavior repertoire that arises due to experiences (Terry, 2008). There is no exact way on observing knowledge, so in result behaviors are the only way a person has the capability of observing what has occurred in learning. This simple stimulus learning paper will analyze the forms of simple stimulus learning. The analysis will explain the concept of habituation, while analyzing the factors that affect perceptual learning, and examining the effects of stimulus exposure. This paper will also discuss how simple stimulus learning is applied to two real life scenarios. Habituation Habituation is defined as being a psychological learning process where the response to the stimulus is decreased after being exposed to it repeatedly (Terry, 2008). This means that a person or an animal can learn to ignore a stimulus because of it being repeatedly exposed to it. Habituation is seen as being a basic process of the systems that are biologically based. If we didnât have this we would not be able to know the difference from the changing and meaningful information from irrelevant and stagnant ones. Habituation is also known for being present in animal species, even human beings.
The examples that were viewed by the third group were viewed as being in random order. In result from the different training it was discovered that the outcome depended upon the actual category that the participants were learning. It was discovered that each of the three procedures were all affective when they were learned through explicit reasoning. Although, once the categorization rule became verbally hard to describe, those participating that initially began with the hardest examples first performed far better than those that were in the other groups. Effects of Stimulus Exposure cesspool There are times when a dependent prefers a certain stimuli. Sometimes disclosure of a certain stimulus can lead to an emotional or effective change in the stimulusâs presence. There was a study conducted by Abraham Maslow where participants were asked to perform a different tasks ranging from reading lists or copying sentences, or reading foreign names off of a list in a setting in a laboratory (Maslow, 1970). There were alternative duties used to deter the individuals from learning the experiments purpose. Those that participated were later asked to have their preferences judged by having subjects designate duties that were familiar, the lab that was familiar, along with the pictures that appeared to be familiar on the wall.
A researcher named Cutler (2012) studies the perceptual organization in infants, to discover that a baby that is six months old living in an environment around English speaking people is able to differentiate the difference in the tones, but soon after lose this capability around eight-twelve months of age. Everyone is different, causing them to learn in different manners. There are some who learn through perception and there are others that learn through habit forming behaviors. There are also many different stimuli that reside in us that we are aware of and others that we are unaware of, though they both equally affect the learning process in individuals. The process of learning can be affected by our amount of attention placed on certain information and the way the information is presented. Through adequate research it is a possibility that people can better understand the many aspects that are within the process of learning. Maslow H. Abraham. (1970). Motivation and Personality (2nd. Ed). Joanna Cotler Books. Cutler Anne. (2012). Native Listening : Language Experience and the Recognition of Spoken Words. MIT Press. Terry, W. S. (2009). Learning and memory: Basic principles, processes, and procedures (4th ed). Boston: Pearson/Allyn & Bacon. Kellman, P. J., & Garrigan, P. (2009). Perceptual learning and human expertise. Physics of Life Reviews, 6(2), 53â84.
This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Cognitive Psychology section.
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